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Horticulture
Horticulture
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Horticulture

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this ppt is all about the different tools used in horticulture.
i have taken six tools of developing countries and six of developed countries...

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Horticulture

  1. 1. Presented by: vishalchaturani 2nd semester Bsc engg.
  2. 2. Areas of horticulture •Arboriculture is the study of, and the selection, planting, care, and removal of, individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants. •Floriculture includes the production and marketing of floral crops. •Landscape horticulture includes the production, marketing and maintenance of landscape plants. •Olericulture includes the production and marketing of vegetables. •Fruticulture or Pomology includes the production and marketing of fruits. •Viticulture includes the production and marketing Page 2
  3. 3. DIFFERENT TOOLS USED IN HORTICULTURE Page 3
  4. 4. The cultivation of horticultural crops is predominantly dependent upon human labour, since commercial cultivation is only on a limited scale Animal/power tiller or tractor-drawn mould board ploughs, disc ploughs, harrows, cultivators and rotavators, are available and used for land preparation.  Hand tools such as budding and grafting knife, pruning knife and Secateurs can be used for plant propagation and pruning Harvesting is the most labour intensive operation due to delcate nature of fruits Page 4
  5. 5. 1.Rake Tool 2.Trowel 3.Shovel 4.Lawn Mower 5.Edger 6.Hedge Shear
  6. 6. 1.HAND RAKE 2.HEAVY DUTY or Soil Rake
  7. 7. breaking up earth, digging small holes, especially for planting and weeding, mixing in fertilizer or other additives, and transferring plants to pots.
  8. 8. trowel 1. A cathole trowel is similar to a gardening trowel, but it was specifically designed for digging catholes in the backcountry. Cathole trowels are used by backpackers, hikers and some kinds of campers.
  9. 9. Cathole trowel
  10. 10. handle and flat metal blade, used by masons for leveling, spreading, or shaping substances such as cement, plaster, or mortar, as well as for breaking bricks to shape them or smoothing a mould.
  11. 11. Bricklayer’s Trowel
  12. 12. 3.In archaeology brick or pointing trowels (usually 4" or 5" steel trowels) are used to scratch the strata in an excavation and allow the colours of the soil to be clear, so that the different strata can be identified, processed and
  13. 13. Brick OR Pointing Trowel
  14. 14. mix measured proportions of the ingredients for quick set plaster.
  15. 15. rounded ends used to apply coatings to concrete, especially on swimming pool decks.
  16. 16. used to apply adhesive and grout when applying ceramic or stone tile to a surface.
  17. 17. moving bulk materials, such as soil, coal, gravel, snow, sand, or ore. Shovels are extremely common tools that are used extensively in agriculture, constructi on, and gardening.
  18. 18. blade set at an angle A general category of shovel that includes many types with a generally square outline (rather than being pointed like many spades are). But there is no rigorous, always- enforced distinction
  19. 19. Square Shovel
  20. 20. beaches, in sandboxes, or in yards, gardens, lawn s, and fields.
  21. 21. 4. PRUNING AND SLASHING KNIVES Pruning is a process of removing unwanted branches or twigs of a plant or tree for providing aeration, lighting and frame work which help in obtaining higher yields. Pruning and slashing knives are hand tools, which consists of a blade and tang joined rigidly to the handle. The tip of the blade is either hooked or curved in order to cut or slash the small branches or twigs of plant or tree by pulling action.
  22. 22. The blade is made from high carbon steel, tool steel or alloy steel and hardened to 45-55 HRC. The handle is made from good quality wood or plastic. For operation the blade is engaged with the thin branch or twigs and pulled towards the operator to accomplish cutting. The blade is forged to shape and cutting edge is sharpened. Uses: For cutting and slashing of thin branches and twigs of plantation crops and orchards.
  23. 23. Specifications: Pruning knife Slashing knife Hooked Curved hooked Curved Blade length (mm) 100-225 115 200 200 Blade width (MM) 24-35 24 35 35 Blade thickness (mm) 5.6-6.3 4 5.6 5
  24. 24. 5.Lawn mower A lawn mower is a machine that uses a revolving blade or TYPES OF to cut MOWER at an  blades LAWN a lawn even length. employing a  1. Lawn mowers blade that rotates about a vertical axis are known as rotary mowers.
  25. 25.  Rotary type Electric lawn mowers are suitable for any type nf nnpypn nr Plain grass lands available Four free wheel makes the machine to move freely on the Grass and the Adjustments on the Machine helps, you to adjust the height of the Grass as per your Requirements.  Model : K R46 Motor : l 1 /2&2 H.P. Single Phase Motor Cutting w i d t h : 18" Cutting H e i g h t : 0 .50" to 4.25" Height of Cut Setting : Easy 7 Step Wire : 3 0mtrs. / 3Core Cable Weight : 50 Kgs. Approx. Handle : H andle with Switch Blades : 1 Pic Extra Blades Grass Box : Available (65 liters) Drive : Walk behind push type.
  26. 26. Rotary type Lawn Mower Specifications LengthxWidthxHeight (mm) : 1050x380x1000 Cutting width (mm) : 340-380 Cutting height (mm) : 30 Motor (kW) : 1.0-1.4 Weight (kg) : 12
  27. 27. employing a blade assembly that rotates about a horizontal axis are known as cylinder or reel mowers.
  28. 28. Lawn Mowers Manual Kamlesh wheel type lawn mower machine a very Fine hand hold machine to operate without any Fuel. Kamlesh wheel type lawn mower machine equiped with high Carbon steel Blades to cut grass at even Surface and enhance the look of your garden. High quality bearing in the machine helps to move the machine with almost easy, that will keep you stress free. As per your wish you may adjust the height of your lawn. Solid rubber tyre Fitted to the lawn mowers help easy working on the uneven Surface and on the grass. Easy Manual System. Cast Iron Body. Cutting H e i g h t : 0.25" to 2.50 " Grass Box : A vailable Handle : Heavy Handle with grip
  29. 29. Model KM 12 KM 14 KM 16 KM 18 Cutting 12" 14" 16" 18" width Weight 22 kgs. 23 kgs. 24 kgs. 25 kgs. Approx Approx approx approx
  30. 30. 6.HEDGE SHEAR A hedge trimmer, shrub trimmer, or hedge shear, is a gardening tool or machine used for trimming (cutting, pruning) hedges
  31. 31. Shear 1.Stand-alone hedge trimmers:The power source of stand-alone hedge trimmers can be human power. gasoline, or electricity. Further subdivided into two categories: i. . Manual hedge trimmers (sometimes also called hedge shears, or hedge clippers) are
  32. 32. Manual Shear
  33. 33. Specifications: Blade length (mm) : 150,200,250, and 300 Blade thickness (mm) : 8 Opening angle of blade (O) : 95 Handle angle with blade (O) : 27-30 Uses: The hedge shear is used for pruning and trimming of hedge and giving it desired shape. It is also used for cutting of shrubs and removing of haphazard growth in gardens and lawns.
  34. 34. .ii.Motorized hedge trimmers allow work to be done faster and with less effort than manual ones. Their cutting mechanism is similar to that of finger-bar mowers. Powered trimmers are generally designed with safety devices such that they work only when both of the operator's hands are on the handles. *Gasoline-powered trimmers tend to be more powerful but can be heavier and more difficult to start.
  35. 35. *Electrical trimmers tend to be lighter and less powerful (than gasoline variants) as well as less polluting/noisy, yet still require an electrical cord with most types (if not equipped with rechargeable batteries).
  36. 36. Specifications (electric motor model): Length (mm) : 860 Width (mm) : 145 Height (rom) : 180 Power requirement (W) : 400 Blade length (mm) : 510 Blade strokes (per min) : 3700 Blade gap (mm) : 16 Weight (kg) : 2.4 Uses: Hedge trimmer is used for trimming hedges, shrubs and brambles. It is also used for contouring plants in desired shapes and sizes for enhancing the aesthetics of the garden.
  37. 37. Power tiller operated auger digger consists of a small frame with the provision to lower and raise the soil-working element. Drive is provided to the unit with the help of a set of bevelPits can be dug up to a depth of 45 to 60 cm and the diameter of the posthole is 30 cm. gears and belt pulleys.
  38. 38. Specifications Overall Dimensions Length (mm) 1070 Width (mm) 1040 Height (mm) 1980 Weight (kg) 125 Field capacity (holes/h) 40-50 Power (hp) 8-10 Uses Suitable for digging circular pits for planting saplings. It is also suitable for use in orchards and forests due to its manoeuvrability
  39. 39. A garden hose is a flexible tube used to carry water. There are a number of common attachments available for the end of the hose, such as sprayers and sprinklers (which are used to concentrate water at one point or spread it over a large area). Hoses are
  40. 40. commonly green and often black, but can also be found in a variety of other colors. Garden hoses are typically made of synthetic rubber or soft plastic, reinforced with an internal web of fibers.
  41. 41. GARDEN HOSE
  42. 42. 3.Pruning shears Pruning shears, also called hand pruners (in American English), or secateurs are a type of scissors for use with plants. They are strong enough to prune hard branches of trees and shrubs, sometimes up to two centimetres thick. They are used in gardening, arboriculture, farming, flower arranging, and nature conservation where fine- scale habitat management is required.
  43. 43. PRUNING SHEAR
  44. 44. equipment, used in small gardens such as household gardens and small commercial gardens, can provide both primary and secondary tillage. For example, a rotary tiller does both the "plowing" and the "harrowing", preparing a smooth, loose seedbed.
  45. 45. TYPES OF GARDEN CULTIVATORS i.Rototiller The small rototiller is typically propelled forward via a (1–5 horsepower or 0.8–3.5 kilowatts) petrol engine rotating the tines, and do not have powered wheels, though they may have small transport/level control wheel(s). Rototilling is much faster than manual tilling, but notoriously difficult to handle and exhausting work.
  46. 46. ROTO TILLER
  47. 47. ii.Rotavator Unlike the Rototiller, the self propelled Howard Rotavator is equipped with a gearbox and driven forward, or held back, by its wheels. The gearbox enables the forward speed to be adjusted while the rotational speed of the tines remains constant which enables the operator to easily regulate the extent to which soil is engaged. These rotavators are generally more heavy duty, come in higher power (4–18 horsepower or 3–13 kilowatts) with either petrol or diesel engines
  48. 48. ROTOVATOR
  49. 49. iii.Mini tiller Mini tillers are a new type of small agricultural tillers or cultivators used by farmers or homeowners. These are also known as power tillers or garden tillers. Compact, powerful and, most importantly, inexpensive, these agricultural rotary tillers are providing alternatives to four-wheel tractors and in the small farmers' fields in developing countries are more economical than four- wheel tractors.
  50. 50. MINITILLER
  51. 51. 5.Hoe (tool) A hoe is an ancient and versatile agricultural tool used to move small amounts of soil. Common goals include weed control by agitating the surface of the soil around plants, piling soil around the base of plants (hilling), creating narrow furrows (drills) and shallow trenches for planting seeds and bulbs, to chop weeds, roots and crop residues, and even to dig or move soil, such as when harvesting root crops like potatoes.
  52. 52. (scuffle, action, oscillating, swivel, or Hula-Ho) is a design that is pushed or pulled through the soil to cut weeds just under the surface. Its tool-head is a loop of flat, sharpened strap metal. It is not as efficient as a chopping hoe for pulling or pushing soil.
  53. 53. that bends around to form a stirrup like rectangle attached to the handle. Weeds are cut just below the soil surface as the bade is pushed & pulled through the area. The back and forth motion is highly effective with cutting weeds in loose or breakable soil. Widths of
  54. 54. i.DUTC H HOE ii.STIRR UP HOES
  55. 55. but needs to be done with care and accuracy. Fertilizers are generally beneficial, however, p roviding your lawn with the correct amount of fertilizer.
  56. 56. TYPES OF FERTILIZER SPREADER 1.TURF FERTILIZER SPREADER 9 cubic ft. capacity hopper (large granulars will weigh around 400 lbs., small granulars like sand will weigh around 800 lbs.).
  57. 57. Modeal 800 spreader spreads many types of materials because of it's internal drag chain. It easily spreads all granular materials,
  58. 58. 2.LELY FERTILIZER SPREADER
  59. 59. REFERENCES • www.google.com • www.marketindia.com • Book of horticulture by William Robinson of John Loudon's original text Page 64

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