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Poverty in India




"The biggest enemy of health in the
   developing world is poverty."
What is Poverty?

Poverty is hunger.

Poverty is lack of shelter.

Poverty is being sick and not being able
to see a docto...
RELATIVE POVERTY                     ABSOLUTE POVERTY

Under Relative poverty the          Absolute poverty refers to the
...
EXPENDIURE METHOD   INCOME METHOD
Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY)
Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY)
Sw...
POVERTY IN THE WORLD
One fifth of the world’s people live
on less than $ 1 a day, and 44% of
them are in South Asia
26 percent of India is belo...
One half of India’s poor is located the three states of
Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra, West Bengal ...
Lack of food and health care due to low
income/assets is associated with the higher
probability of a new born child dying ...
Even though India’s economy is growing there wealth
distribution is uneven
1/4 of the nation's population earns less than ...
The Caste System(Hindu Religion) prevents people from
educational, ownership, and employment opportunities
Microfinance( very small loans) has helped India a lot
There are multiple organization to help feed them
and keep there ag...
Positive Things Happening in
     India: Middle Class

Currently India adds 40 million people to its middle
class every ye...
Facts & Figures….


  As of 2005, 85.7% of the population lives on less than $2.50 (PPP) a day.

  the Planning Commission...
Statistical Study
Causes…

•The Indian economy was purposely and
severely deindustrialized through colonial
privatizations, regulations, tar...
Causes contd….
 General Causes…


Unemployment and underemployment, arising in part from protectionist
policies pursued ti...
Quit
BRITISH RULE
RURAL ECONOMY
HEAVY PRESSURE OF POPULATION
CHRONIC UNEMPLOYMENT AND
UNDEREMPLOYMENT
LACK OF PROPER INDUSTRIAL...
MORE…

         vulnerability describes the
         greater
         probability of being more
         adversely
       ...
WHAT IS POVERTY ?




  BACK
POVERTY IN INDIAN STATES
     STATES        No. Of People BPL   % of People BPL
     BIHAR              425.64            ...
Poverty In India
Poverty In India
Poverty In India
Poverty In India
Poverty In India
Poverty In India
Poverty In India
Poverty In India
Poverty In India
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Poverty In India

  1. 1. Poverty in India "The biggest enemy of health in the developing world is poverty."
  2. 2. What is Poverty? Poverty is hunger. Poverty is lack of shelter. Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. Poverty is not having access to school and not knowing how to read. Poverty is not having a job, is fear for the future, living one day at a time. Poverty is losing a child to illness brought about by unclean water. Poverty is powerlessness, lack of representation and freedom.
  3. 3. RELATIVE POVERTY ABSOLUTE POVERTY Under Relative poverty the Absolute poverty refers to the economic conditions of different measure of poverty , keeping in regions or countries is compared. view the per capita intake of The capita income and the calories and minimum level of national income are the two consumption . indicators of relative poverty. Per capita income : According to the UNO those countries are treated poor whose National income per capita income is less than Population US $725 per annum.
  4. 4. EXPENDIURE METHOD INCOME METHOD
  5. 5. Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) Swarnajayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SSRY) Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY) National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)
  6. 6. POVERTY IN THE WORLD
  7. 7. One fifth of the world’s people live on less than $ 1 a day, and 44% of them are in South Asia 26 percent of India is below the poverty line This is happening in mainly in rural areas of India
  8. 8. One half of India’s poor is located the three states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra, West Bengal and Orissa account for 22.5% of poverty
  9. 9. Lack of food and health care due to low income/assets is associated with the higher probability of a new born child dying between birth and the age of one The High Female illiteracy rate has a major impact on IMR If more women were literate the IMR would be much higher
  10. 10. Even though India’s economy is growing there wealth distribution is uneven 1/4 of the nation's population earns less than the government-specified $0.40/day Unemployment and underemployment Over-reliance on agriculture High population growth rate
  11. 11. The Caste System(Hindu Religion) prevents people from educational, ownership, and employment opportunities
  12. 12. Microfinance( very small loans) has helped India a lot There are multiple organization to help feed them and keep there agriculture going The Planning Commission sets up a five year plan for India to help them achieve goal such as ending poverty
  13. 13. Positive Things Happening in India: Middle Class Currently India adds 40 million people to its middle class every year estimated 300 million Indians now belong to the middle class one-third of them have emerged from poverty in the last ten years It is predicted that by 2025 the Majority of Indians will live in middle class
  14. 14. Facts & Figures…. As of 2005, 85.7% of the population lives on less than $2.50 (PPP) a day. the Planning Commission of India has estimated that 27.5% of the population was living below the poverty line in 2004–2005. Between 1999 and 2008, the annualized growth rates for Gujarat (8.8%), Haryana (8.7%), or Delhi (7.4%) were much higher than for Bihar (5.1%), Uttar Pradesh (4.4%), or Madhya Pradesh (3.5%).Poverty rates in rural Orissa (43%) and rural Bihar (41%) are higher than in the world's poorest countries such as Malawi. A 2007 report by the state-run National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector (NCEUS) found that 25% of Indians, or 236 million people, lived on less than 20 rupees per day
  15. 15. Statistical Study
  16. 16. Causes… •The Indian economy was purposely and severely deindustrialized through colonial privatizations, regulations, tariffs on manufactured or refined Indian goods, taxes, and direct seizures. •Not only was Indian industry losing out, but consumers were forced to rely on expensive British manufactured goods, especially as barter, local crafts and subsistence agriculture was discouraged by law.
  17. 17. Causes contd…. General Causes… Unemployment and underemployment, arising in part from protectionist policies pursued till 1991 that prevented high foreign investment. About 60% of the population depends on agriculture whereas the contribution of agriculture to the GDP is about 18%. High population growth rate, although demographers generally agree that this is a symptom rather than cause of poverty. The caste system, under which hundreds of millions of Indians were kept away from educational, ownership, and employment opportunities, and subjected to violence for "getting out of line." British rulers encouraged caste privileges and customs, at least before the 20th century.
  18. 18. Quit
  19. 19. BRITISH RULE RURAL ECONOMY HEAVY PRESSURE OF POPULATION CHRONIC UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNDEREMPLOYMENT LACK OF PROPER INDUSTRIALISATION SOCIAL FACTORS INDIA’S ECONOMIC POLICY NEO-LIBERAL POLICIES AND THEIR EFFECTS BACK
  20. 20. MORE… vulnerability describes the greater probability of being more adversely affected than other people when bad time comes for everybody, whether a flood or an earthquake or simply a fall in the availability of jobs! BACK
  21. 21. WHAT IS POVERTY ? BACK
  22. 22. POVERTY IN INDIAN STATES STATES No. Of People BPL % of People BPL BIHAR 425.64 42.60 MADHYA PRADESH 298.54 37.43 MAHARASHTRA 227.99 25.03 ORISSA 169.09 47.15 TAMIL NADU 130.48 21.12 UTTAR PRADESH 529.89 31.15 WEST BENGAL 213.49 27.02 GOA 0.70 4.40 GUJARAT 67.89 14.07 HARYANA 17.34 8.74 HIMACHAL PRADESH 5.12 7.63 JAMMU & KASHMIR 3.46 3.48 KERALA 41.04 12.72 PUNJAB 14.49 6.16 BACK
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