How to Write Lesson
Carolyn E. Flores
Characteristics of Objectives
O It describes student performance.
O It is about ends rather than means.
O It describes the conditions under which
performance occurs on the job.
O It describes the standards of acceptable
In short, an objective will
O What the student should be able to do
O The conditions under which the doing will
O The criteria by which the performance will
be judged (acceptable performance)
O Given the tool kit and PC assembling
manual, the students will be able to
disassemble and assemble the contents
of the system unit within 2 hours.
Standards and Competencies
in the K to 12 Curriculum
O Contains content and performance
standards and competencies
O Uses the standard-based instruction
O Define what students should know and be
able to do
O Are benchmark which identify the
expected understandings and skills for a
content standard at different grade levels
O Describe how well students need to
achieve in order to meet content
O Are levels of proficiency which the
students are expected to demonstrate
what they know and what they are able to
O Are specific tasks performed with mastery
O Refer to ability to perform activities within
an occupation or function to the standards
expected by drawing from one’s
knowledge skills, and attitudes
The learner understands the
standards of English in order to participate
in various oral communication demands
(situation , purpose and audience)
O The learner has sufficient facility in
English to inderstand spoken discourse
and to talk and interact with others about
personal experiences and text listened to
O Listens and interacts with others in a
group or class discussion
O Listens and responds to texts, recall the
main ideas, and relates them to personal
O Converses, asks questions, and talks
about events and personal experiences in
O Tell stories, recite sor reads aloud
informally or for audience
It does not say about what the instructor will do or try to accomplish nor it describe the course content or the textbook.
It describes the product of instruction rather than the process of instruction. It describes what the students will be able to do when they are competent, rather than describing how they be made competent.
Ex. Tools, equipment, environment, and circumstances that will influence performance.
It tells how well someone must perform before being considered competent on that objective.
The K to 12 Program covers kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School ) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship.