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Framework for tla project

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How to design viable programs from the situation analysis and problem identification phase

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Framework for tla project

  1. 1. FRAMEWORK FOR TLA PROJECT BY JOHN IBEBUNJO
  2. 2. A General Framework /Concept of a Programme PROBLEM OR NEED PLANNING INTERVENTION A PLAN PROJECT INPUT PROCESS PERFORMANCE OUTCOME STAKEHOLDERS A BUDGET OUTPUT IMPACT MONITORING EVALUATION PROGRAMME 3-M RESOURCES SERVICES ACTIVITY TASKS MAN MATERIAL MONEY AUDIT ANALYSIS STRATEGY RESULT EFFECT
  3. 3. STAGES OF PROGRAM MANAGEMENT CYCLE • SituationAnalysis or problem analysis • Priority Appraisal • Strategy formulation • Goal setting • Objective setting • Action/activity planning • Budgeting • Action implementation • Monitoring – Supervision, Data Analysis & Review meetings • Evaluation
  4. 4. QUESTIONSTO ASK AT EACH STAGE OF PROGRAM MANAGEMENT CYCLE • Situation Analysis – Where are we now? • Priority Appraisal – Which is most important?Which is most urgent?Which is the most important and most urgent?Which problem can we solve now? • Strategy formulation – How do we best solve the problem at minimal costs? • Goal setting – Where are we going? • Objective setting – How far do we want to go? • Strategy – How do we get there? • Activity – What do we do now? • Implementation –How do we do it and do it well? • Monitoring – Are we doing it well? Are we still on the way? • Evaluation – Have we got there? Have we arrived at our destination? At what costs?
  5. 5. HOWTO CONDUCT A SITUATION ANALYSIS: STEP 1 • IDENTIFYTHE PROBLEM • THE SEVERITY (MAGNITUDE, SIZE) • THE CAUSES (ASK WHY, USING A PROBLEM TREE ANALYSIS) • THE PEOPLE AFFECTED BY THE PROBLEM • POTENTIAL TARGETS (AUDIENCES) • THE BROAD CONTEXT INWHICH THE PROBLEM EXISTS • FACTORS INHIBITING OR FASCILITATING BEHAVIOR
  6. 6. • DEVELOP A PROBLEM STATEMENT • FOCUS ON ONE PROBLEM AT A TIME – PRIORITIZE • E.g. of a Problem statement: • “There is a high amount of low income jobs among graduates in Dutse District.” • There is a high unmet need for family planning among newly married couples in Gwarimpa District HOWTO CONDUCT A SITUATION ANALYSIS: STEP 2
  7. 7. • DRAFT A SHAREDVISION • AVISION provides the picture of what the situation will look like when your intervention is completed successfully. • TheVision will encapsulate the outcome of your intervention by stating what your program hopes to influence. • A good vision should be: • Ambitious – go beyond what is possible in the immediate • Inspiring & Motivating – call to mind a powerful image that triggers emotions and excitement • Look at the BIG picture – Give everyone a larger sense of purpose HOWTO CONDUCT A SITUATION ANALYSIS: STEP 3
  8. 8. • CONDUCT A DESK REVIEW • Review the problem statement and vision statement and break them down into concepts. • Develop a list of key words related to the concepts (use these key words as search terms to find any literature in that particular area) • A good vision should be: • Ambitious – go beyond what is possible in the immediate • Inspiring & Motivating – call to mind a powerful image that triggers emotions and excitement • Look at the BIG picture – Give everyone a larger sense of purpose HOWTO CONDUCT A SITUATION ANALYSIS: STEP 4
  9. 9. DURINGTHE DATA COLLECTION PROCESS • How do you engage stakeholders; opinion leaders, service providers, policy makers, partners, and potential beneficiaries. • To get their input; Use • In-depth Interviews • Focus Group Discussions (FGD) • Community dialogue • Small group meetings • Taskforce engagement • Participatory Stakeholder workshops
  10. 10. OUTCOME OF CONDUCTING A SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS • YOUWILL…… • Know theVISION of the Program (Intervention) you want to introduce • Understand the current situation (magnitude of the problem) • Understand the broad context in which the problem exists
  11. 11. WHATTO PAY ATTENTIONTOWHEN CARRYING A SITUATION ANALYSIS (E.G. HEALTH ISSUE) • High levels of Mortality and Morbidity • The levels of Prevalence or Incidence • Segments of the Population that are most heavily impacted by the issue • The existing priorities of the government • The donor landscape

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