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A‘S Steward Morris School
2014-2015
Rural Development
Assigned By
Mr. Ashish Gupta Sir
Prepared By
Pradhyumn Somani
Rishab...
CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION
2. WHAT IS RURAL DEVELOPMENT ?
3. CREDIT AND MARKETING IN RURAL
AREAS
4. AGRICULTURE MARKET SYSTE...
INTRODUCTION
• Agriculture is the major source of
livelihood in the rural sector
• The growth and expansion of industrial
...
WHAT IS RURAL AREAS….?
• Action plan for social & economic upliftment
of rural areas
• Some initiatives need for developme...
CREDIT & MARKETING IN RURAL AREAS
Rural credit
• Type of loan for farming families
i. Gestation period
ii. To purchase inp...
• The Green Revolution - harbinger of major
changes in credit system
• Setting up of SHGs
Rural Banking
• A critical appra...
AGRICULTURE MARKET SYSTEM
Agriculture marketing
• It involves assembling, storage,
transportation, packaging, grading, etc...
First, Regulation of market
Second, Provision for physical structure
Third, Cooperative marketing
Fourth, Policy instrumen...
Emerging alternative marketing channels
• A ray of hope
• Direct sale by farmers to consumers
• Direct sales contract with...
DIVERSIFICATION AND PRODUCTIVE
ACTIVITIES
Diversification
• Diversification of crop production
i. Shift from single croppi...
Productive activities
• Shifting from crop farming to non farming
activities
• Non- farming activities are :
i. Animal hus...
Animal Husbandry
• Important area of employment different
from crop farming
• Act as a supplement income
• Increasing of l...
Fisheries
• Kerala, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu are
principal states for fisheries
• Water bodies are ‘mother’ and ‘p...
Horticulture
• Horticulture crops include fruits, vegetables,
flowers, species, medicinal, etc.
• 2 largest producer of fr...
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND
ORGANIC FARMING
Organic farming system of farming relies upon use
of organic inputs for cultiv...
Merits of organic farming :
• Disregards the use of
non-renewable resources
• environment friendly
• Sustains soil fertili...
Rural Development
Rural Development
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Rural Development

  1. 1. A‘S Steward Morris School 2014-2015 Rural Development Assigned By Mr. Ashish Gupta Sir Prepared By Pradhyumn Somani Rishabh Pangaria
  2. 2. CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 2. WHAT IS RURAL DEVELOPMENT ? 3. CREDIT AND MARKETING IN RURAL AREAS 4. AGRICULTURE MARKET SYSTEM 5. DIVERSIFICATION AND PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES 6. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND ORGANIC FARMING
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • Agriculture is the major source of livelihood in the rural sector • The growth and expansion of industrial urban centres did not mean real progress of India • The real progress of India can be realized by developing rural areas
  4. 4. WHAT IS RURAL AREAS….? • Action plan for social & economic upliftment of rural areas • Some initiatives need for development rural areas includes : i. Development in human resources ii. Land reforms iii. Development of productive resources iv. Infrastructure development v. Special measures
  5. 5. CREDIT & MARKETING IN RURAL AREAS Rural credit • Type of loan for farming families i. Gestation period ii. To purchase inputs for farming iii. To meet other family expenses • Establish of social banking & agency approach
  6. 6. • The Green Revolution - harbinger of major changes in credit system • Setting up of SHGs Rural Banking • A critical appraisal • Threat to smooth functioning of banking system
  7. 7. AGRICULTURE MARKET SYSTEM Agriculture marketing • It involves assembling, storage, transportation, packaging, grading, etc. • Problem faced by farmers prior to independence • Measures initiated to improve marketing aspects are :
  8. 8. First, Regulation of market Second, Provision for physical structure Third, Cooperative marketing Fourth, Policy instruments i. Assurance of MSP ii. Maintain of buffer stock iii. Distribution of food grains & sugar through PDS
  9. 9. Emerging alternative marketing channels • A ray of hope • Direct sale by farmers to consumers • Direct sales contract with farmers
  10. 10. DIVERSIFICATION AND PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES Diversification • Diversification of crop production i. Shift from single cropping system to multi cropping system ii. Transfer from subsistence farming to commercial farming • Minimize the risk of price fluctuation and monsoon failure
  11. 11. Productive activities • Shifting from crop farming to non farming activities • Non- farming activities are : i. Animal husbandry ii. Fisheries iii. Horticulture
  12. 12. Animal Husbandry • Important area of employment different from crop farming • Act as a supplement income • Increasing of live stock farming in arid areas • Important source of employment for women • Operation flood launched in 1996
  13. 13. Fisheries • Kerala, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu are principal states for fisheries • Water bodies are ‘mother’ and ‘provider’ for fisheries • This sector contributes merely 2% to GDP REASONS : i. Unemployment ii. High rate of illiteracy an indebtness iii. Low per capita income
  14. 14. Horticulture • Horticulture crops include fruits, vegetables, flowers, species, medicinal, etc. • 2 largest producer of fruits and vegetables • High crop production led to golden revolutionary • Problem faced in growth of horticulture : i. Power shortage ii. Lack of linkage b/w rural and urban market iii. Lack of processing units
  15. 15. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND ORGANIC FARMING Organic farming system of farming relies upon use of organic inputs for cultivation Sustainable development using existing resources optimally so future generation can use it
  16. 16. Merits of organic farming : • Disregards the use of non-renewable resources • environment friendly • Sustains soil fertility • Healthy and tastier food • Inexpensive technology for the small and marginal farmers
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