Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

of

Mgv Tree Planting Slide 1 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 2 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 3 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 4 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 5 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 6 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 7 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 8 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 9 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 10 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 11 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 12 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 13 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 14 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 15 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 16 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 17 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 18 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 19 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 20 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 21 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 22 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 23 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 24 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 25 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 26 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 27 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 28 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 29 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 30 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 31 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 32 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 33 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 34 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 35 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 36 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 37 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 38 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 39 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 40 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 41 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 42 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 43 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 44 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 45 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 46 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 47 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 48 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 49 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 50 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 51 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 52 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 53 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 54 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 55 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 56 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 57 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 58 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 59 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 60 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 61 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 62 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 63 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 64 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 65 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 66 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 67 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 68 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 69 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 70 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 71 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 72 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 73 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 74 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 75 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 76 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 77 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 78 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 79 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 80 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 81 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 82 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 83 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 84 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 85 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 86 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 87 Mgv Tree Planting Slide 88
Upcoming SlideShare
Plant Trees!
Next

6 Likes

Share

Mgv Tree Planting

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Mgv Tree Planting

  1. 1. Planting Trees and Shrubs Mike Maddox Horticulture Educator Rock County UW-Extension at Rotary Botanical Gardens ISA Certified Arborist                                                                          
  2. 2. On-Line <ul><li>http://rock.uwex.edu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ horticulture’ section of webpage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PW: maddox </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Benefits of Trees <ul><li>Environmental Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Filter air pollutants </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce storm water runoff </li></ul><ul><li>Counter the urban heat island effect </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce glare </li></ul><ul><li>Provide wind breaks </li></ul>
  4. 4. Benefits of Trees <ul><li>Economic Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Increase property values </li></ul><ul><li>Attract business </li></ul><ul><li>Attract customers </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce energy costs </li></ul>
  5. 5. Benefits of Trees <ul><li>Social Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Beautify the landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Improve public health </li></ul><ul><li>Increase community pride </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce violent behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation and relaxation </li></ul>
  6. 6. In a 40-year lifespan, a tree will: <ul><li>Sequester CO2 ($22/year) </li></ul><ul><li>Produce clean oxygen ($50/year) </li></ul><ul><li>Trap pollutants & control runoff ($75/year) </li></ul><ul><li>Cool air like an air conditioner ($73/year) </li></ul><ul><li>Add habitat ($75/year) </li></ul>
  7. 11. Tree Planting <ul><li>Planting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Right Tree, Right Place” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roots & Root Flares </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of planting materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Method of planting </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. Matching Plant & Site <ul><li>Environmental characteristics: sun/shade mix, soil type & drainage, pH, above-/below-ground utilities, surrounding structures, sight lines, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural requirements: Hardiness, light, pH, size/width, growth rate, litter/fruiting, disease & insect susceptibility </li></ul><ul><li>Function in landscape: Shading, screening, focal point, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 18. Choose Quality Stock <ul><li>Inspect branches and architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Look for insects or disease problems </li></ul><ul><li>Determine if properly maintained, watered </li></ul><ul><li>“ Origins from ‘southern’ climates” </li></ul>
  10. 19. Strong, well developed leader (or leaders in multiple leader tree). Bright, healthy bark. Trunk & limbs free of insect or mechanical injury. Branches well distributed around trunk, considerably smaller caliper than trunk. Ideal spacing between branches at least 8-12” for most species. Good trunk taper. Wide angle crotches for strength. Low branches - they are temporary, but help develop taper; promote trunk caliper growth and prevent sun damage. Healthy buds
  11. 21. Planting <ul><li>Trunk & Shoots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Above ground, has bark for protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need light for photosynthesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need oxygen for respiration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Below ground, will respond to light (grow away) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Absorb water & nutrients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need oxygen for respiration </li></ul></ul>
  12. 22. Research has shown this method of planting will lead to tree health problems.
  13. 24. Deep Planting <ul><li>Option #1: Die from suffocation </li></ul><ul><li>Option #2: Adapt. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roots will grow upwards to top 6-8” of soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes problems as tree grows </li></ul></ul>
  14. 28. Deep Planting <ul><li>How can you tell if existing trees are deep planted? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trunks enter the ground ‘flush’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thinning canopies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early fall coloration </li></ul></ul>
  15. 29. Early August Premature Fall Color Thinning Canopy
  16. 30. Early August
  17. 31. Proper Tree Planting <ul><li>The root flare of a tree will be even (or higher than) the natural soil grade of planting site. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roots will grow away from trunk in top 6-8” of soil </li></ul></ul>
  18. 32. Root Flare <ul><li>‘ Set’ at germination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oldest part of tree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Area of transition from root tissue to trunk tissue </li></ul>
  19. 33. Types of Planting Materials <ul><li>Bareroot </li></ul><ul><li>Ball & Burlapped (B&B) </li></ul><ul><li>Containerized / Container grown </li></ul><ul><li>Must find the root flare in each </li></ul>
  20. 34. Bareroot Scion (Trunk) Root Flare (Collar) Bud-Graft Union Root Stock
  21. 35. Bareroot Root (support & storage) Root (water & nutrient uptake) Adventitious Root (remove)
  22. 36. B&B
  23. 37. B&B
  24. 38. B&B
  25. 39. Containerized
  26. 40. Containerized
  27. 41. Containerized Artificial Soil Line Bud graft union Root Flare
  28. 42. Bareroot <ul><li>PRO: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lightweight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>easy to find root flare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assess root system health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CON: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tree must be dormant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reduced planting time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>limited selection </li></ul></ul>
  29. 43. Ball & Burlapped <ul><li>PRO: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wide selection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>large trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>large window to plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CON: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HEAVY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>difficult to find root flare </li></ul></ul>
  30. 44. Containerized <ul><li>PRO: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wide selection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheaper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large window to plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CON: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Circling roots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult to find root flare </li></ul></ul>
  31. 45. How to dig a hole <ul><li>Dig hole 3-5x bigger than root system </li></ul><ul><li>Dig hole deep enough to put root flare at the natural soil grade or 1-2” higher </li></ul><ul><li>Slope & roughen sides of planting hole </li></ul><ul><li>Leave bottom of hole undisturbed </li></ul>
  32. 46. Call Diggers Hotline! <ul><li>Diggers Hotline is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year! </li></ul><ul><li>To notify Diggers Hotline of your intent to dig, call: </li></ul><ul><li>Milwaukee Area (414) 259-1181 Toll Free (800) 242-8511 Hearing Impaired (TDD) (800) 542-2289 </li></ul><ul><li>www.diggershotline.com/ </li></ul>
  33. 47. How to dig a hole: bareroot
  34. 48. How to dig a hole: bareroot
  35. 49. How to dig a hole: bareroot
  36. 50. How to dig a hole: b&b
  37. 51. How to dig a hole: b&b
  38. 52. How to dig a hole: b&b
  39. 53. How to dig a hole: b&b
  40. 54. How to dig a hole: b&b
  41. 55. How to dig a hole: b&b
  42. 57. How to dig a hole: containerized
  43. 58. How to dig a hole: containerized
  44. 59. How to dig a hole: containerized
  45. 60. How to dig a hole: containerized
  46. 61. How to dig a hole: containerized Artificial Soil Line Bud graft union Root Flare
  47. 62. How to fill a hole <ul><li>Backfill ONLY with soil native to the site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amendments can cause moisture problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote roots to expand into surroundings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do not tamp / compact soil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use water to eliminate large air pockets </li></ul></ul>
  48. 63. Shrubs Crown
  49. 65. Post Planting Care <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide trees with 1-2” of water per week for first growing season </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drip hose, lawn sprinkler… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transplant Shock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1” = 1 Season </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2” = 2 Seasons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And so on… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  50. 67. Post Planting Care <ul><li>Staking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Especially important for bareroot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure tree loosely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive stakes outside root system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wide straps best </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove after one growing season </li></ul></ul>
  51. 68. Use heavy gauge wire that won’t droop down. Use 2” diameter stakes - insert into ground outside of soil ball. Use 2-3” canvas or seatbelt webbing with metal grommets Leave some slack - trees gain strength from movement
  52. 70. Mulching Trees & Shrubs <ul><li>Mulch Material: What make a good mulch? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Texture (medium textured best) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrient value (organic) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul></ul>
  53. 71. Types of Organic Mulch <ul><li>Grass Clippings </li></ul><ul><li>Hardwood Bark </li></ul><ul><li>Hardwood Chips </li></ul><ul><li>Composted Leaf Litter </li></ul><ul><li>Manure </li></ul><ul><li>Mushroom Compost </li></ul><ul><li>Peat Moss </li></ul><ul><li>Pine Boughs </li></ul><ul><li>Pine Needles </li></ul><ul><li>Sawdust </li></ul><ul><li>Sewage Sludge </li></ul><ul><li>Straw </li></ul>
  54. 72. Applying Mulch <ul><li>Spread mulch throughout planting bed to depth of 3”-5” (medium to course texture) </li></ul><ul><li>Pull mulch away from base of plant creating a donut hole </li></ul><ul><li>Mulched area should extend to the drip line of the tree, or at least 4-5 feet from trunk (the larger the area, the more beneficial) </li></ul><ul><li>Replenish as necessary </li></ul>
  55. 73. Benefits of Mulch <ul><li>Provides insulation layer </li></ul><ul><li>Conserve soil moisture </li></ul><ul><li>Improve soil’s physical structure and fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces root competition </li></ul>
  56. 74. Additional Benefits of Mulch <ul><li>Protection from lawn mower damage </li></ul><ul><li>Recycles yard/landscape waste </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a more natural appearance to the landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Provides favorable environment for earthworms and other organisms that benefit soil structure and fertility </li></ul>
  57. 75. Potential Disadvantages <ul><li>Creates barrier to oxygen and water (fine textured mulches) </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive moisture (fine textured mulches) </li></ul><ul><li>Heat injury (dark colored mulches) </li></ul><ul><li>Soil temperatures (poor timing of application) </li></ul><ul><li>Weed seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to be replenished </li></ul>
  58. 76. Research Summary Gary Watson, Morton Arboretum Unfertilized (at recommended turf rates) Fertilized (over recommended turf rates) Turf Low root density Normal carbohydrate storage Low root density Low carbohydrate storage Mulch High root density Normal carbohydrate storage High root density Low carbohydrate storage
  59. 83. Post Planting Care <ul><li>Tree Wrap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to protect trees during transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes useful to protect against animal damage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>REMOVE! </li></ul></ul>
  60. 84. Post Planting Care <ul><li>Pruning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only remove damaged branches at time of planting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designate ‘temporary branches’ for eventual removal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fertilization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not necessary </li></ul></ul>
  61. 86. Tree Planting Summary <ul><li>Dig hole 3-5x wider than roots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>no deeper than flare </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Backfill with native soil, no tamping </li></ul><ul><li>Stake if necessary for 1 season </li></ul><ul><li>Water as needed </li></ul><ul><li>Prune only broken, diseased branches </li></ul>
  • MelissaCooper46

    Nov. 29, 2021
  • AbhishekRanka4

    Jan. 26, 2018
  • myintthein3304

    May. 25, 2017
  • spencer7223

    Mar. 9, 2017
  • bhaveshnavadiya1986

    Sep. 9, 2016
  • Marknyeng

    Jul. 24, 2016

Views

Total views

1,920

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

125

Actions

Downloads

0

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

6

×