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Elements of a Healing Garden<br />R. Michael Maddox<br />Horticulture Educator, Rock County UW-Extension<br />
Elements of a healing garden<br />We are stardust.<br />We are golden.<br />And we’ve got to get ourselves back to the gar...
Gardening is therapeutic…<br />Research shows a positive correlation between plants (natural environments) and an individu...
Benefits of Plants: Wellness<br />Surgery Recovery<br />Shorter post-operative stays<br />Less use of potent drugs and bet...
The Neese Memorial Rooftop Garden, Beloit Hospital<br />
Benefits of Plants: Wellness<br />Lifestyle Recovery<br />Attention fatigue restored<br />Improved relationships and caree...
Blackhawk Technical College, Janesville<br />
University of Wisconsin- Rock County, Janesville<br />
Boerner Botanical Gardens, Hales Corners<br />
Benefits of Plants: Wellness<br />In laboratory research, visual exposure to settings with trees has produced significant ...
Marathon County roadside views, Wisconsin<br />
Elements of a healing garden<br />They paved paradise<br />And put up a parking lot<br />With a pink hotel, a boutique<br ...
Horticultural Therapy<br />Horticultural therapy (HT) is not only an emerging profession, it is a time-proven practice. Th...
Horticultural Therapy<br />In the 19th century, Dr. Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and conside...
Horticultural Therapy<br />Rehabilitative care of hospitalized war veterans in the 1940’s and 1950’s greatly expanded the ...
Achieving Well-being<br />THINK: How do YOU achieve well-being in the garden?<br />
Horticulture Therapy<br />
Therapeutic Horticulture<br />
Social Horticulture<br />
Vocational Horticulture<br />
So… What is a Healing Garden?<br />
Types of Gardens<br />
Plant-rich environment<br />Landscapes dominated by vegetation<br />
Plant-rich environment<br />Plants predate humans by approximately 149 million years<br />Humans have never been without p...
Plant-rich environment<br />Plants are our earliest ancestors<br />Molecules remarkably similar:  both have a ring of carb...
High Line in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan<br />
Sensory stimulation<br />SIX senses<br />
Theories….<br />
Accessible<br />‘Way finding’<br />“Adapt the Gardener / Adapt the Garden”<br />ADA compliant<br />Wheel chair accessibili...
Experience driven<br />Passive / Active / Quasi<br />Structured / Unstructured<br />
HT Experience<br />MD<br />RN<br />OT<br />PT<br />RT<br />Social Worker<br />Teacher<br />Speech Pathologist<br />Psychol...
HT Experience (Examples)<br />Stroke, Spinal Cord, and Physical Disabilities<br />Activities assisting in the development ...
HT Experience (Examples)<br />Traumatic Brain Injury (Physical)<br />Goal: To improve general physical conditioning and en...
HT Experience (Examples)<br />Traumatic Brain Injury (Cognitive)<br />Goal: To improve ability to correctly sequence multi...
HT Experience (Examples)<br />Traumatic Brain Injury (Emotional)<br />Goal: To develop relaxation techniques<br />Basic ob...
HT Experience (Examples)<br />Development Disabilities<br />Goal: Individual will display appropriate social skills in a g...
HT Experience (Examples)<br />Mental Illness<br />Example: Individual with dependent personality disorder<br />Goal: to ha...
Janesville School of Blind and Visually Impaired, Janesville<br />
Rock Haven, Janesville<br />
Safe<br />Physical safety<br />Emotional safety<br />
Rock Haven, Janesville<br />
Elements of a healing garden<br />Remember, all gardening is therapeutic….<br />
Achieving Well-being<br />THINK: How do YOU help OTHERS achieve well-being in the garden?<br />
More information<br />
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Elements Of A Healing Garden

  1. 1. Elements of a Healing Garden<br />R. Michael Maddox<br />Horticulture Educator, Rock County UW-Extension<br />
  2. 2. Elements of a healing garden<br />We are stardust.<br />We are golden.<br />And we’ve got to get ourselves back to the garden.<br />Woodstock-Joni Mitchell<br />
  3. 3. Gardening is therapeutic…<br />Research shows a positive correlation between plants (natural environments) and an individual’s well-being (mental, physical, emotional health)<br />
  4. 4. Benefits of Plants: Wellness<br />Surgery Recovery<br />Shorter post-operative stays<br />Less use of potent drugs and better attitudes<br />Roger Ulrich. Texas A &M. Studies on nature and medical recovery<br />
  5. 5. The Neese Memorial Rooftop Garden, Beloit Hospital<br />
  6. 6. Benefits of Plants: Wellness<br />Lifestyle Recovery<br />Attention fatigue restored<br />Improved relationships and career coping<br />Cimprich, B. 1992. Attentional Fatigue Following Breast Cancer Surgery. Research in Nursing and Health 15, 199-207<br />
  7. 7. Blackhawk Technical College, Janesville<br />
  8. 8. University of Wisconsin- Rock County, Janesville<br />
  9. 9. Boerner Botanical Gardens, Hales Corners<br />
  10. 10. Benefits of Plants: Wellness<br />In laboratory research, visual exposure to settings with trees has produced significant recovery from stress within five minutes, as indicated by changes in blood pressure and muscle tension. <br />Dr. Roger S. Ulrich Texas A&M University <br />
  11. 11. Marathon County roadside views, Wisconsin<br />
  12. 12. Elements of a healing garden<br />They paved paradise<br />And put up a parking lot<br />With a pink hotel, a boutique<br />And a swinging hot spot<br />Don't it always seem to go<br />That you don't know what you've got<br />Till it's gone<br />They paved paradise<br />And put up a parking lot<br />Big Yellow Taxi-Joni Mitchell<br />
  13. 13. Horticultural Therapy<br />Horticultural therapy (HT) is not only an emerging profession, it is a time-proven practice. The therapeutic benefits of peaceful garden environments have been understood since ancient times. <br />American Horticulture Therapy Association<br />
  14. 14. Horticultural Therapy<br />In the 19th century, Dr. Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and considered to be the "Father of American Psychiatry," reported that garden settings held curative effects for people with mental illness.<br />American Horticulture Therapy Association<br />
  15. 15. Horticultural Therapy<br />Rehabilitative care of hospitalized war veterans in the 1940’s and 1950’s greatly expanded the practice of HT. Today, <br />HT is recognized as a practical and viable treatment with wide-ranging benefits for people in therapeutic, vocational, and wellness programs.<br />American Horticulture Therapy Association<br />
  16. 16. Achieving Well-being<br />THINK: How do YOU achieve well-being in the garden?<br />
  17. 17. Horticulture Therapy<br />
  18. 18. Therapeutic Horticulture<br />
  19. 19. Social Horticulture<br />
  20. 20. Vocational Horticulture<br />
  21. 21. So… What is a Healing Garden?<br />
  22. 22. Types of Gardens<br />
  23. 23. Plant-rich environment<br />Landscapes dominated by vegetation<br />
  24. 24. Plant-rich environment<br />Plants predate humans by approximately 149 million years<br />Humans have never been without plants<br />Plants historically have provided us with food and shelter<br />Plants have been integral to healing practices and systems within most cultures over time<br />
  25. 25. Plant-rich environment<br />Plants are our earliest ancestors<br />Molecules remarkably similar: both have a ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms surrounding a single atom.<br />The atom is magnesium in chlorophyll; iron in hemoglobin<br />
  26. 26. High Line in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan<br />
  27. 27. Sensory stimulation<br />SIX senses<br />
  28. 28. Theories….<br />
  29. 29. Accessible<br />‘Way finding’<br />“Adapt the Gardener / Adapt the Garden”<br />ADA compliant<br />Wheel chair accessibility<br />Raised beds<br />Path design<br />More…<br />Universal design<br />
  30. 30.
  31. 31.
  32. 32. Experience driven<br />Passive / Active / Quasi<br />Structured / Unstructured<br />
  33. 33. HT Experience<br />MD<br />RN<br />OT<br />PT<br />RT<br />Social Worker<br />Teacher<br />Speech Pathologist<br />Psychologist<br />Dietician<br />
  34. 34. HT Experience (Examples)<br />Stroke, Spinal Cord, and Physical Disabilities<br />Activities assisting in the development of fine motor skills, range of motion, hand-eye coordination, strength, balance, perception<br />Assist in achieving goals set by OT, PT<br />Activities that assist in psychological adjustment and well-being of patient<br />Opportunities for socialization in group<br />Vocational pursuits for after discharge<br />Horticulture as Therapy: Principles and Practices, Simson, Straus<br />
  35. 35. HT Experience (Examples)<br />Traumatic Brain Injury (Physical)<br />Goal: To improve general physical conditioning and endurance<br />Basic objective: Survivor will tolerate standing for ten minutes at potting bench while assisting in transplanting activity<br />Advanced: Survivor will work in greenhouse for two-hour block daily without break, five consecutive days for two weeks<br />Horticulture as Therapy: Principles and Practices, Simson, Straus<br />
  36. 36. HT Experience (Examples)<br />Traumatic Brain Injury (Cognitive)<br />Goal: To improve ability to correctly sequence multistep task<br />Basic objective: Survivor will correctly plant four-pack with seeds by following step-by-step verbal instructions<br />Advanced: Survivor will correctly complete daily closing routine of greenhouse by following written checklist<br />Horticulture as Therapy: Principles and Practices, Simson, Straus<br />
  37. 37. HT Experience (Examples)<br />Traumatic Brain Injury (Emotional)<br />Goal: To develop relaxation techniques<br />Basic objective: Survivor will sit in greenhouse for fifteen minutes while listening to music of their choice<br />Advanced: Survivor will identify one to three horticulture activities that they find relaxing and will schedule to participate regularly<br />Horticulture as Therapy: Principles and Practices, Simson, Straus<br />
  38. 38. HT Experience (Examples)<br />Development Disabilities<br />Goal: Individual will display appropriate social skills in a group setting…<br />HT Goal: Individual will communicate daily in an appropriate manner during an hour long program (no hitting, swearing, name calling, shouting).<br />Horticulture as Therapy: Principles and Practices, Simson, Straus<br />
  39. 39. HT Experience (Examples)<br />Mental Illness<br />Example: Individual with dependent personality disorder<br />Goal: to have patient assume responsibility<br />HT Goal: Patient will water and/or check plants on the unit once a day for once week.<br />Horticulture as Therapy: Principles and Practices, Simson, Straus<br />
  40. 40. Janesville School of Blind and Visually Impaired, Janesville<br />
  41. 41. Rock Haven, Janesville<br />
  42. 42. Safe<br />Physical safety<br />Emotional safety<br />
  43. 43. Rock Haven, Janesville<br />
  44. 44. Elements of a healing garden<br />Remember, all gardening is therapeutic….<br />
  45. 45. Achieving Well-being<br />THINK: How do YOU help OTHERS achieve well-being in the garden?<br />
  46. 46. More information<br />
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