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PDU 303 Psychometrics: Test Specification

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What is a test specification? What are the components on a test specification?
(Lecture slides mostly in English)

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PDU 303 Psychometrics: Test Specification

  1. 1. PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK TEST SPECIFICATION SEMESTER GASAL 2015/2016 FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA KULIAH III - 28 AGUSTUS 2015
  2. 2. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK 2 IMAGE SOURCE: adcb.com/about/investorrelations/financialinformation/ARSite/2013/index.html WHAT DO WE NEED TO
 BUILD IT CORRECTLY?
  3. 3. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK 3 IMAGE SOURCE:rvculinary.com/cuisine/spicy-beef-rendang-rendang-daging/ WHAT DO WE NEED TO
 SERVE IT CORRECTLY?
  4. 4. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK 4 IMAGE SOURCE: etsy.com/listing/84779204/vintage-blocks-wais-r-block-design WHAT DO WE NEED TO
 CREATE IT CORRECTLY?
  5. 5. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK 5 INFORMATION ABOVE ALL OF THE OTHERS, IS
  6. 6. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK 5 INFORMATION ABOVE ALL OF THE OTHERS, IS THAT SHOULD BE FOUND IN… RECIPES BLUEPRINTS
  7. 7. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK 5 INFORMATION ABOVE ALL OF THE OTHERS, IS THAT SHOULD BE FOUND IN… RECIPES BLUEPRINTS TEST SPECIFICATIONS
  8. 8. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK GOOD TESTS 6 GOOD
 TESTS (Davidson & Lynch, 2002, p. 7)
  9. 9. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK GOOD TESTS 6 GOOD
 TESTS CLEAR
 THINKING CLARITY (Davidson & Lynch, 2002, p. 7)
  10. 10. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK GOOD TESTS 6 GOOD
 TESTS CLEAR
 THINKING ITERATIVE CONSENSUS-
 BASED SPECIFICATION
 DRIVEN CLARITY FEEDBACK &
 IMPROVEMENT DIALOGUE,
 NOT TOP-DOWN
 DICTATE (Davidson & Lynch, 2002, p. 7)
  11. 11. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK GOOD TESTS 7 (Davidson & Lynch, 2002, p. 7) GOOD
 TESTS SPECIFICATION
 DRIVEN A specification is an efficient generative recipe for a test that fosters dialogue and discovery at a higher, more abstract level than achieved by analysis of a simple item (or task).
  12. 12. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK TEST SPECIFICATION A test’s specifications provide
 the official statement about
 what the test tests and how it tests it. The specifications are the blueprint
 to be followed by test and item writers,
 and they are also essential in the establishment of the test’s construct validity. 8 (Alderson, Clapham, & Wall, 1995, p. 9)
  13. 13. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK TEST SPECIFICATION However, there is no single best format,
 or rubric, for a test specification. The test specification component
 represents a personal choice. 9 (Davidson & Lynch, 2002, p. 20)
  14. 14. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK TEST USERSTEST DEVELOPERS TEST PUBLISHERS Test developers need to have clear statements about who the test is aimed at, what its purpose is, what content is to be covered, what methods are to be used, etc. Test users need descriptions of a test’s content, and different sorts of users may need somewhat different descriptions. Test specifications are a valuable source of information for publishers wishing to produce textbooks related to the tests. WHO NEEDS TEST SPECIFICATION? 10 (Alderson, Clapham, & Wall, 1995, p. 9-11)
  15. 15. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK GENERAL DESCRIPTION COMPONENTS 11 GD PA PROMPT ATTRIBUTES RA RESPONSE ATTRIBUTES SAMPLE
 ITEM SI SS SPECIFICATION SUPPLEMENT
  16. 16. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK A CONCISE SUMMARY OF WHAT THE SPECIFICATION IS ABOUT. a detailed description of the construct, or particular aspect, that is being tested a listing of the characteristics for the setting in which the test will take place the purpose of how the test item/task should be used, written on an explicit statement GENERAL DESCRIPTION 12 (Davidson & Lynch, 2002, p. 20-22, 30) the amount of time allowed for completing a particular set of items on the test ICON SOURCE: Check Mark by Creative Stall; from the Noun Project
  17. 17. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK DESCRIBES WHAT WILL BE GIVEN TO THE TEST TAKER. PROMPT ATTRIBUTES 13 (Davidson & Lynch, 2002, p. 22-25) directions, instructions, and the form of the actual item or task, lead to a relevant “response” the description of the item or task format ICON SOURCE: Check Mark by Creative Stall; from the Noun Project
  18. 18. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK DESCRIBES WHAT SHOULD HAPPEN WHEN THE TEST TAKER RESPONDS TO THE GIVEN. RESPONSE ATTRIBUTES 14 (Davidson & Lynch, 2002, p. 25-26, 30) a description of how the test taker response will be evaluated detailed description of what the test taker will do to respond the test items ICON SOURCE: Check Mark by Creative Stall; from the Noun Project
  19. 19. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK ESTABLISHES THE EXPLICIT FORMAT AND CONTENT PATTERNS FOR THE ITEMS OR TASKS THAT WILL BE WRITTEN FROM THE SPECIFICATION. SAMPLE ITEM 15 (Davidson & Lynch, 2002, p. 26-27) combination of PA and RA in explicit format ICON SOURCE: Check Mark by Creative Stall; from the Noun Project
  20. 20. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK WHEN THE OTHER COMPONENTS NEED SOME REFERENCES;
 IT IS OPTIONAL. SPECIFICATION SUPPLEMENT 16 (Davidson & Lynch, 2002, p. 27) list of references ICON SOURCE: Check Mark by Creative Stall; from the Noun Project
  21. 21. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA © 2015 Ardhiati PDU 303 PSIKOMETRIK 17 WANT TO KNOW MORE? ALDERSON, J.C., CLAPHAM, C., & WALL, D. (1995). LANGUAGE TEST CONSTRUCTION AND EVALUATION. CAMBRIDGE: THE PRESS SYNDICATE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE. DAVIDSON, F. & LYNCH, B.K. (2002). TESTCRAFT: A TEACHER’S GUIDE TO WRITING AND USING LANGUAGE TEST SPECIFICATIONS. NEW HAVEN: YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS.

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