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Feast Days
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The Seven Feasts of Israel



When people read the descriptions of Israel’s feasts in the Old Testament, they are often tempted to shift into high speed . . . what possible relevance do they have for us today? Yet we believe that this often overlooked subject is full of spiritual truths that are intensely relevant to our past, present, and future.

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The Seven Feasts of Israel

  1. 1. © Dr. Ken Boa and Bill Ibsen 2012. All Rights Reserved. Seven Feasts of Israel The
  2. 2. Past > Present > Future
  3. 3. Ceremonial Moral Civil - God’s solution - man’s sinfulness
  4. 4. Memorial > Seasonal > Prophetic Seven Feasts of Leviticus 23
  5. 5. Seven Feasts of Leviticus 23 Holiness of God > Nature of Man > God’s Provision for Man
  6. 6. Purim Hannukkah Simchath Torah ✓. X Sabbath
  7. 7. “Feast of Unleavened Bread” “Now on the first day of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Where do You want us to prepare for You to eat the Passover?” Matthew 26:17 1 2 3 4 5
  8. 8. Spring Feasts Fall Feasts
  9. 9. Unleavened Bread Tabernacles (Booths) Pentecost (Weeks) “Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the LORD your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and at the Feast of Weeks and at the Feast of Booths...” Deuteronomy 16:16
  10. 10. “Appointed Seasons” (mo’adim)
  11. 11. Month/ Day(s) 1st 14 Looks back on... Looks ahead to... 1st 15-21 1st 16 3rd 6 7th 1 7th 10 7th 15-22 Scripture Redemption of Firstborn Christ’s redeeming death 1 Cor. 5:7 1 Pe. 1:18-19 Separation from Other Nations Harvest in the Land Israel’s New Year Israel’s National Sin Israel in the Wilderness Holy Walk of Believers Resurrection of Christ Sending of the Holy Spirit Israel’s Regathering Israel’s National Conversion Israel in the Kingdom 1 Cor. 5:7-8 Gal. 5:9, 16-17 Completion of Harvest 1 Cor. 15:20 -23 Rev. 1:5 Acts 2:1-47 1 Cor. 12:13 Is. 27:12-13 Matt. 24:21 -31 Zech. 12:10 Rom. 11:26 -27 Zech. 14:4-6 Rev. 7:9-17 Passover Unleavened Bread First Fruits Weeks (Pentecost) Trumpets Day of Atonement Tabernacles
  12. 12. Spring Feasts Fall Feasts First Coming Second Coming Summer Gap “Do you not say, ‘There are yet four months, and then comes the harvest’?” John 4:35
  13. 13. Passover
  14. 14. Historical Significance Pesach (“a passing over”)
  15. 15. “‘These are the appointed times of the LORD, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them.
  16. 16. “‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is the LORD’S Passover.’” Leviticus 23:4-5
  17. 17. Adar 12 Iyyar 2 Sivan 3 Tammuz 4 Ab 5 Elul 6 Tishri 7 Heshvan 8 Chislev 9 Tebeth 10 Nisan 1 Shebat 11 Mar Apr May Jun Jul AugSep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb 14 Passover 15-21 Unleavened Bread 16 First Fruits
  18. 18. Prophetic Significance Passover basic to other feasts Preparation - Fulfillment Memorial and anticipation of a central event
  19. 19. Prophetic Significance “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” John 1:29
  20. 20. Prophetic Significance “For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed” 1 Corinthians 5:7
  21. 21. Prophetic Significance “Knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, but with precious blood as a lamb of unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ” 1 Peter 1:18-19
  22. 22. Prophetic Significance
  23. 23. Passover Details from Exodus 12 Fulfillment in Jesus Christ Scripture Exodus 12 speaks of only one lamb although many were slain All the sacrificial lambs pointed to the Lamb John 1:29, 36; Revelation 5:6,12 The Passover victim must be a lamb (12:13) Jesus Christ was the Lamb of God Isaiah 53:6-8, 10; John 1:29, 36 The lamb must be perfect and without any blemish (12:5) Christ’s life was sinless and His sacrifice was voluntary 2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 7:26
  24. 24. Passover Details from Exodus 12 Fulfillment in Jesus Christ Scripture The whole congregation representatively killed the lamb (12:6) Christ was killed by the consent of the common people as well as the religious leaders Mark 15:6-15 Acts 4:27 The lamb must be killed “between the evenings” (between 3:00 and 6:00 PM.; 12:6) Christ died on the cross between 3:00 and 6:00 P.M. Mark 15:34 The blood of the lamb must be shed and sprinkled that the first- born might live (12:23) Christ’s blood was shed that all might have life John 3:16 Romans 5:8
  25. 25. Unleavened Bread
  26. 26. Adar 12 Iyyar 2 Sivan 3 Tammuz 4 Ab 5 Elul 6 Tishri 7 Heshvan 8 Chislev 9 Tebeth 10 Nisan 1 Shebat 11 Mar Apr May Jun Jul AugSep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb 14 Passover 15-21 Unleavened Bread 16 First Fruits
  27. 27. Historical Significance “Bread of affliction” (Deuteronomy 16:3) Symbolized the haste of Israel from Egypt Unleavened dough to leave quickly
  28. 28. Historical Significance Seven-day feast (Numbers 28:17-25) All males required to appear 2 bulls, 1 ram, 7 lambs, grain, 1 goat
  29. 29. Historical Significance Spring housecleaning Leaven: symbol of corruption (Leviticus 2:11) Not eaten, seen, or available
  30. 30. Prophetic Significance Leaven purging : separation from Egypt Passover/Unleavened Bread Redemption & pardon/Fellowship & holiness
  31. 31. “Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump of dough? Clean out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, just as you are in fact unleavened. For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed. Let us therefore celebrate the feast, not with the old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth” 1 Corinthians 5:6-8
  32. 32. “...lay aside the old self, which is being corrupted in accordance with the lusts of deceit... and put on the new self...” Ephesians 4:22-24
  33. 33. Therefore if any man is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come” 2 Corinthians 5:17
  34. 34. Interchangeable names in NT Luke 22:1; Acts 12:3 Sanctified - Redeemed
  35. 35. Passover Unleavened Bread 14th day of the first month 15th to 21st days of the first month Lasted a day Lasted a week A point in time (sacrifice of the lamb) A continuing process
  36. 36. Passover Unleavened Bread Instantaneous Continuous Redemption Holy walk Cause Effect Ministry of Christ Ministry of the Holy Spirit
  37. 37. 1. The lack of leaven illustrates His sinlessness 2. The matzoh is striped 3. The matzoh is pierced, illustrating His suffering
  38. 38. “And when He had taken some bread and given thanks, He broke it, and gave it to them, saying, ‘This is My body which is given for you...’” Luke 22:19
  39. 39. First Fruits
  40. 40. Adar 12 Iyyar 2 Sivan 3 Tammuz 4 Ab 5 Elul 6 Tishri 7 Heshvan 8 Chislev 9 Tebeth 10 Nisan 1 Shebat 11 Mar Apr May Jun Jul AugSep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb 14 Passover 15-21 Unleavened Bread 16 First Fruits
  41. 41. Historical Significance Pledge/thanksgiving Barley harvest > wheat harvest Token sheaf
  42. 42. Historical Significance Thanksgiving offerings (Leviticus 23:14) Barley > Lamb > Grain > Wine
  43. 43. Historical Significance One 8-day feast Requirements of First Fruits still kept Passover/Unleavened Bread/First Fruits
  44. 44. Prophetic Significance Typified the resurrection of Messiah Pledge of a greater harvest
  45. 45. “But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. For since by man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all shall be made alive” 1 Corinthians 15:20-22
  46. 46. Prophetic Significance First Fruits/Resurrection: same day! Conquered the grave Offers resurrection life to us
  47. 47. Prophetic Significance First Fruits/Resurrection: 3rd day of Passover Sign of Jonah (Matthew 12:40) “Third day” (Genesis 1:9-13; 22:4-5)
  48. 48. Passover Unleavened Bread First Fruits 14th day (the day before the Sabbath) Friday Christ’s Death Salvation 15th-21st days (began on the Sabbath) Saturday Christ’s Burial Separation (the 16th day after the Sabbath) Sunday Christ’s Resurrection New Life
  49. 49. “…As Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life” Romans 6:4
  50. 50. “Even so consider yourselves to be dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus.” Romans 6:11
  51. 51. Weeks (Pentecost)
  52. 52. Historical Significance Occurs a week of sabbaths after First Fruits Hebrew: Shavuot, “weeks” Greek: Pentecost, “fifty”
  53. 53. Adar 12 Iyyar 2 Sivan 3 Tammuz 4 Ab 5 Elul 6 Tishri 7 Heshvan 8 Chislev 9 Tebeth 10 Nisan 1 Shebat 11 Mar Apr May Jun Jul AugSep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb 14 Passover 15-21 Unleavened Bread 16 First Fruits Pentecost
  54. 54. Historical Significance Always Sunday 6th day of 3rd month (late spring) 1 day; all males must appear
  55. 55. Historical Significance Festival of thanksgiving for the wheat harvest Outlined at Mt. Sinai; observed later Fulfillment of God’s provision anticipated in First Fruits
  56. 56. Historical Significance Newly harvested grain made into bread Loaves waved before the Lord Burnt, grain, sin, peace, and wave offerings
  57. 57. Historical Significance Became 1 week festival by the NT “Feast of the Giving of the Law” Book of Ruth read
  58. 58. Prophetic Significance Holy Spirit descended on Pentecost Resurrection on First Fruits 50 days later sent the Spirit on Pentecost
  59. 59. Prophetic Significance Priest offers 2 loaves of leavened bread Symbolize God’s harvest of Jews and Gentiles
  60. 60. Prophetic Significance “For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one, and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, by abolishing in His flesh the enmity... that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace, and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross…
  61. 61. Prophetic Significance “for through Him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father.” Ephesians 2:14-18
  62. 62. Prophetic Significance Jesus promised the Holy Spirit “For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and we were all made to drink of one Spirit.” 1 Corinthians 12:13
  63. 63. Prophetic Significance Feast of Harvest Ruth: Jew/Gentile union “Seven complete sabbaths” Leviticus 23:15
  64. 64. Trumpets
  65. 65. Adar 12 Iyyar 2 Sivan 3 Tammuz 4 Ab 5 Elul 6 Tishri 7 Heshvan 8 Chislev 9 Tebeth 10 Nisan 1 Shebat 11 Mar Apr May Jun Jul AugSep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb 14 Passover 15-21 Unleavened Bread 16 First Fruits Pentecost 1 Trumpets 10 Day of Atonement 15-21 Booths
  66. 66. “a holy convocation” Leviticus 23:23-25
  67. 67. Historical Significance 1. To call the people to repentance 2. To remind God of His covenant with Israel 3.To thwart Satan’s work of accusing Israel before God
  68. 68. Shofar The Book of Life The Book of Death Historical Significance
  69. 69. Fulfillment
  70. 70. Rapid Succession Rapid Succession 4 Month Interval
  71. 71. Prophetic Significance Israel’s regathering after worldwide dispersion
  72. 72. “And He will lift up a standard for the nations, and will assemble the banished ones of Israel, and will gather the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth …and you will be gathered up one by one, O sons of Israel. It will come about also in that day that a great trumpet will be blown; and those who are perishing in the land of Assyria and who were scattered in the land of Egypt will come and worship the LORD in the holy mountain of Jerusalem.” Isaiah 11:12
  73. 73. “…and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory. from one end of the sky to the other.” Matthew 24:30-31 And He will send forth His angels with a great trumpet and they will gather His elect from the four winds,
  74. 74. Prophetic Significance Annual cycle of 10 days of judgment and repentance Rosh Hashanah Christ has already been judged on our behalf (2 Corinthians 5:21)
  75. 75. Dayof Atonement
  76. 76. Adar 12 Iyyar 2 Sivan 3 Tammuz 4 Ab 5 Elul 6 Tishri 7 Heshvan 8 Chislev 9 Tebeth 10 Nisan 1 Shebat 11 Mar Apr May Jun Jul AugSep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb 1 Trumpets 10 Day of Atonement 15-21 Booths
  77. 77. Historical Significance A solemn fast, not a feast Repentance Israel’s collective sins were covered
  78. 78. Historical Significance “It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls” Leviticus 16:31; 23:29
  79. 79. Historical Significance Levitcus 16; 23:26-32; Numbers 29:7-11 Holy of Holies Thick veil
  80. 80. Historical Significance 1. Bull 2. Scapegoat 3. Burnt offering
  81. 81. Historical Significance Blood required to approach God Sinfulness of man and the holiness of God Yom Kippur
  82. 82. “...without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness” Hebrews 9:22; see Leviticus 11
  83. 83. Prophetic Significance Hebrews 7-10 High Priest: Christ Animal sacrifice: Christ’s sacrifice
  84. 84. Prophetic Significance Aaron : Christ entering tabernacle Aaron: Christ offering His blood Hebrew kaphar, atonement: “a covering”
  85. 85. 1st Goat Scapegoat Covered sins; temporary Cleansing and removal of sin Typified death of Christ in its Godward aspect Typified its manward aspect “Christ died for our sins...” 1 Peter 3:18 “and took away our sins...” 1 Peter 3:18
  86. 86. Prophetic Significance Day of Atonement: Coming day of Israel’s repentance/conversion
  87. 87. “And I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and supplication, and they will weep bitterly over Him, like the bitter weeping over a first-born.” Zechariah 12:10 so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son,
  88. 88. “…a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in; and thus all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, ‘And this is my covenant with them, when I take away their sins.’” Romans 11:25-26; cf. Acts 15:14-16 ‘The Deliverer will come from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from Jacob.’
  89. 89. Tabernacles
  90. 90. Historical Significance Succoth (Hebrew for “Booths”) Feast of the Ingathering (Exodus 23:16) Final harvest
  91. 91. Adar 12 Iyyar 2 Sivan 3 Tammuz 4 Ab 5 Elul 6 Tishri 7 Heshvan 8 Chislev 9 Tebeth 10 Nisan 1 Shebat 11 Mar Apr May Jun Jul AugSep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb 14 Passover 15-21 Unleavened Bread 16 First Fruits Pentecost 1 Trumpets 10 Day of Atonement 15-21 Tabernacles (Booths)
  92. 92. Historical Significance Last of 3 male pilgrimages Israel’s Thanksgiving feast Day 1 and 8: Days of rest
  93. 93. Historical Significance Build booth-like structure Memorial of God’s wilderness protection and provision Atmosphere of rejoicing
  94. 94. Historical Significance Reinstituted by Ezra and Nehemiah Bullocks and Pool of Siloam water Last day: Hoshana Rabba, the Great Hosanna
  95. 95. “O LORD, do save, we beseech Thee send prosperity! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the LORD.” Psalm 118:26-26
  96. 96. “For I say to you, from now on you shall not see Me until you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!” Matthew 23:29
  97. 97. Historical Significance Torches illuminated Jerusalem Christ’s metaphors of water and light speaking of Himself
  98. 98. “Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, ‘If any man is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, “From his innermost being shall flow rivers of living water.” John 7:37-38
  99. 99. “‘…Again therefore Jesus spoke to them, saying, ‘I am the light of the world; he who follows Me shall not walk in the darkness, but shall have the light of life.’” John 8:12
  100. 100. Prophetic Significance Past: Wilderness provision Present: Harvest celebration Future: Rest/rejoicing in the kindgom
  101. 101. Prophetic Significance Trumpets: Regathering of Israel Tabernacles: Reign of Christ on David’s throne Seventh and final feast
  102. 102. “Then it will come about that any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem will go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths.” Zechariah 14:16
  103. 103. Prophetic Significance Peter’s tabernacle suggestion at transfiguration Tabernacles point to a new heaven and earth
  104. 104. “And I saw a new heaven and a new earth… And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God… And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, ‘Behold, the tabernacle of God is among them, and He shall dwell among them, and He shall wipe away every tear from their eyes...” Revelation 21:1-4
  105. 105. FulfillmentFulfillment Israel in the New Kingdom Israel’s Regathering Israel’s National Repentance
  106. 106. END The