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Quarter 2 health Grade 8
Quarter 2 health Grade 8
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Pregnancy-Related Concerns and Pre-natal Care - MAPEH 8 (Health 2nd Quarter)



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2nd Quarter Grade 8 HEALTH
Unit 2: Family Life
Lesson 2: Pregnancy-Related Concerns and Pre-natal Care

Pregnancy-Related Concerns and Pre-natal Care - MAPEH 8 (Health 2nd Quarter)

  1. 1. Health 8 UNIT 2: Family Life Pregnancy-related Concerns and Pre-natal Care MR. CARLO JUSTINO J. LUNA Malabanias Integrated School Angeles City
  2. 2. “Pregnancy is a time of many changes.
  3. 3. New Beginning Humans are reproduced through sexual reproduction.
  4. 4. Fertilization ◎is a reproductive process wherein half of genes of the father and mother combine to form a single cell
  5. 5. Implantation ◎the attachment of the developing cells to the uterus
  6. 6. Pregnancy ◎is the time when a new cell is formed during fertilization, grows, and develops into a baby in the woman’s uterus
  7. 7. ◎is the time when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus Pregnancy
  8. 8. ◎developing human from the time that the ovum and the sperm cell unite until the end of the 8th week Embryo ◎developing human from the 8th week until birth Fetus
  9. 9. A normal pregnancy generally lasts until 9 months or 38-40 weeks.
  10. 10. ◎Emotional anguish ◎Possible health risks ◎Limited life options Risks of Unplanned / Unwanted Pregnancy
  11. 11. Teenage pregnancies are premature because they occur in mothers who may be too young and/or immature to care for a child adequately. Risks of Unplanned / Unwanted Pregnancy
  12. 12. 1. Teens at 15 and younger face a 60% higher risk of death during pregnancy and child birth than young mothers at the age of 20. Statistics
  13. 13. 2. Babies born to young teenage mothers are 2 to 3 times more likely to die during their first year than babies born to older mothers. Statistics
  14. 14. 3. Teen mothers are twice more likely to have low birth weight infants (at risk of physical and mental defects as well as increased risk of dying). Statistics
  15. 15. 4. 70% of teen mothers get no medical care at all during critical first months of pregnancy and 25% get no prenatal care at all. Statistics
  16. 16. 5. Even with good prenatal care, teenager mothers are more likely to have premature labor and to deliver low birth-weight babies. Statistics
  17. 17. 6. Young teen mothers are likely to drop out of school and face high risk of unemployment, poverty, and dependence on parents. Statistics
  18. 18. 7. If they marry due to pregnancy, their risk of break up or separation is high. Statistics
  19. 19. 8. The young mother is more likely to be angered and disillusioned by her baby’s demands and may become an abusive parent. Statistics
  20. 20. Changes in the Mother’s Body ◎Produces hormones that make pregnant woman nauseated (morning sickness) ◎Enlarged breasts and prepared to produce milk
  21. 21. Changes in the Mother’s Body ◎The woman’s uterus stretches to hold a full-sized newborn baby ◎Experiences swelling of legs, difficulty in sleeping, restlessness, and irritability as the fetus gets larger
  22. 22. Changes in the Mother’s Body ◎Many women feel clumsy or uncomfortable too because of the changes taking place.
  23. 23. Nourishing the Baby ◎The fetus gets its nutrition from food the mother eats. ◎To ensure the health of the fetus, the mother needs to eat healthy foods and takes special vitamins. ◎She should get regular medical checkups to protect her health and health of the growing fetus.
  24. 24. Normal Phyical Changes and Symptons Throughout Pregnancy ◎Fatigue ◎Sleep problems ◎Breast changes ◎Hair changes ◎Back pain/sciatica ◎Hemorrhoids/constipation
  25. 25. Normal Phyical Changes and Symptons Throughout Pregnancy ◎Morning sickness ◎Heartburn ◎Varicose veins ◎Leg cramps ◎Pelvic ache/hip pain ◎Nosebleeds/bleeding gums
  26. 26. Normal Phyical Changes and Symptons Throughout Pregnancy ◎Stretch marks, itchiness, and other skin changes ◎Hand pain, numbness, or weakness (carpal tunnel syndrome) ◎Changes in the vaginal discharge
  27. 27. 1st Trimester Phases of Pregnancy  week 1 - 12  missed menstrual period  breast tenderness, morning sickness, fatigue
  28. 28. 2nd Trimester Phases of Pregnancy  week 13 - 27  start to look pregnant and wear maternity clothes  physical discomforts
  29. 29. 2nd Trimester Phases of Pregnancy  Week 16: The top of the uterus (fundus) will be about halfway between the pubic bone and the navel
  30. 30. 2nd Trimester Phases of Pregnancy  Week 27: The fundus will be about 2 inches (5cm) or more above the navel
  31. 31. 3rd Trimester Phases of Pregnancy  week 28 to giving birth  discomfort as the belly gets bigger  sleep problems
  32. 32. Complications of Pregnancy Special Condition Prevention and Management Nausea/Improper body weight Small frequent feedings instead of three large meals and high carbohydrates, low fat foods such as crackers and jelly and liquids should be taken between meals Toxemia (blood poison) Proper nutrition, intake of iron and folic acid as prescribed by the physician Morning sickness Intake of folic acid as prescribed by the doctor Anemia (RBC deficiency) Proper nutrition Diabetes Fluid intake, proper nutrition, and exercise Constipation Fluid intake, eat fruits and vegetables
  33. 33. Activity: Paper Plate Cut out pictures of different foods and paste them on a paper plate. Remember that these foods are what a woman should be eating during pregnancy.
  34. 34. Birth ◎the passage of a baby from its mother’s uterus to the outside of her body
  35. 35. During birth, the uterus contracts many time and pushes the baby through the vagina and outside the mother’s body. Birth
  36. 36. Labor ◎is the process that lasts from the time contractions start until the delivery of the child and the placenta ◎lasts a different amount of time for every woman and every pregnancy
  37. 37. THREE (3) DISTINCT STAGES OF LABOR 1st Stage ◎Begins with the first contraction and lasts until the cervix has opened enough to allow the baby to pass through.
  38. 38. THREE (3) DISTINCT STAGES OF LABOR 2nd Stage ◎Starts when the cervix is completely open and lasts until the baby is delivered.
  39. 39. THREE (3) DISTINCT STAGES OF LABOR 3rd Stage ◎is the final stage of labor ◎is when the placenta is delivered ◎In this stage, the mother’s uterine contractions push the placenta or “afterbirths” out of her body. At this time, the birth is completed.
  40. 40. Mother’s Role During and After Pregnancy 1. Avoid stressful activities 2. Do light exercises 3. Eat nutritious foods 4. Avoid vices 5. Have the regular and necessary prenatal and post-natal checkups
  41. 41. Father’s Role During & After the Wife’s Pregnancy 1. Take care of the mother and the baby 2. See to it that the mother gets the necessary prenatal and post-natal checkups 3. See to it that the necessary immunizations for the baby are followed as scheduled 4. Provide healthy diet meals for the mother and the child
  42. 42. How to Take Care of a Pregnant Woman 1. Accompany her in a daily exercise 2. Makes her relax by listening to music 3. Gives her lots of water to drink 4. Gives her nutritious food to eat 5. Checks if she sleeps by lying on the left side of her body 6. Accompany her during regular and as needed prenatal checkups
  43. 43. Breastmilk ◎ is the best food since it contains essential nutrients suitable for the infant’s needs ◎ is the nature’s first immunization, enabling the infant to fight potentially serious infections
  44. 44. Breastfeeding ◎ is the traditional and ideal form of infant feeding, meeting an infant’s nutritional needs for his first four to six months of life
  45. 45. Lactation ◎ is the period of milk production initiated by the prolactin hormone in the mammary glands
  46. 46. Advantages of Breastfeeding 1. It is economical and nutritious. 2. It promotes emotional bonding between the child and the mother. 3. Mother’s milk has an antibody that protects the infant from certain diseases.
  47. 47. ◎means a child from the time of complete delivery to 30 days old Newborn
  48. 48. ◎is a simple procedure to find out if the baby has congenital metabolic disorder that may lead to mental retardation or even death if left untreated Newborn Screening
  49. 49. ◎NBS is ideally done on the 48th to 72nd hour of life. ◎However, it may also be done after 24 hours from birth. When is NBS done?
  50. 50. ◎A few drops of blood are taken from the baby’s heel, blotted on a special absorbent filter card, and then sent to a Newborn Screening Center (NSC) How is NBS done?
  51. 51. ◎Physician ◎Nurse ◎Medical technologist ◎Trained midwife Who will collect the sample for NBS?
  52. 52. Where is NBS available? ◎NBS is available in hospitals, lying-ins, rural health units, health centers, and some private clinics. ◎If babies are delivered at home, babies may be brought to the nearest institution offering NBS.
  53. 53. Activity: Sing It! Sing the songs “Anak” and “Sa Ugoy ng Duyan”.
  54. 54. Thanks! Mr. Carlo Justino J. Luna Malabanias Integrated School Angeles City
  55. 55. Credits Special thanks to all the people who made and released these awesome resources for free: ◎Presentation template by SlidesCarnival ◎Photographs by Unsplash
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Editor's Notes

  • The body of the pregnant woman will go through a lot on the way to creating a new person.
    She will experience physical and biological changes.
    It also influences the emotional and mental aspects of the person.
  • In such cases, the mother may be so young endangering pregnancy.
  • This is specifically dangerous because, while a teen may be able to conceive a baby, her body may not be quite ready for the stresses of pregnancy and child birth. Thus, she is at higher risk for complications like high blood pressure, toxaemia, prolonged and difficult labor, more vaginal lacerations during childbirth, and more after-delivery complications and infections.
  • Each mother is a distinct individual. Some young women make wonderful mothers and manage to build satisfying lives for themselves. Unfortunately, these tend to be in minority. Chances are, young pregnancy is a problem for you and your family.
  • Contraction happens every few minutes and lasts a minute.
  • During this period, contraction happens every 2 to 3 minutes.
    After the baby is born, the doctor cuts the umbilical cord.
    Healthy babies breathe and cry almost immediately.
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