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Roles of technology for teaching and learning

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roles of technology for teaching and learning

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Roles of technology for teaching and learning

  1. 1. ROLES OF TECHNOLOGY FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING TECHNOLOGY FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING 1 ERWIN MARLON R. SARIO
  2. 2. THREE DOMAINS OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY •Technology as tutor •Technology as teaching tool •Technology as learning tool
  3. 3. TECHNOLOGY FOR TEACHERS AND TEACHING • Technology provides enormous support to the teacher as the facilitator of learning • Technology has modernized the teaching-learning environment • Technology improves teaching-learning process and ways of teaching • Technology opens new fields in educational research • Technology adds to the competence of teachers and inculcates scientific outlook • Technology supports teacher professional development
  4. 4. TECHNOLOGY FOR LEARNERS AND LEARNING • Support learners to learn how to learn on their own • Declarative knowledge • Structural knowledge • Procedural knowledge • Technology enhances learners’ communication skills through social interactions • Technology upgrades learners’ higher-order thinking skills: critical thinking, problem solving and creativity
  5. 5. CRITICAL THINKING • Critical thinking is a part of the cluster of higher order thinking skills. It refers to the ability to interpret, explain, analyze, evaluate, infer and self-regulate in order to make good decisions. • Teachers play a significant role in supporting learners with technology. As a role model, teachers should display and practice critical thinking processes, so that the learners can imitate them. Here are the ways: • Ask the right questions: Critical thinking questions should ask for clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth and logic. for clarity: can you give examples of… for accuracy: what pieces of evidence support your claim? for precision: exactly how much… Breadth: What do you think will the other group say about the issue?
  6. 6. •Use critical thinking tasks with appropriate level of challenge What are the some simple ways the teachers should do? 1.Vary the questions asked. 2.Introduce new technologies 3.Modify the learners’ grouping 4.Modify the critical thinking task 5.Encourage curiosity
  7. 7. CREATIVITY • Creativity is characterized as involving the ability to think flexibly, fluently, originally and elaborately. (Guildford 1986 & Torrance 1994 in Egbert, 2009) • FLEXIBILITY means able to use many points of view. • FLUENTLY means able to generate many ideas. • ORIGINALLY implies being able to generate new ideas. • ELABORATELY means able to add details. Creativity is not merely a set technical skills, but it also involves feelings, beliefs, knowledge and motivation.
  8. 8. SEVEN CREATIVE STRATEGIES • SUBSTITUTE –Find something else to replace to do what it does. • COMBINE – Blend two things that do not usually go together. • ADAPT – look for other ways this can be used. • MODIFY/MAGNIFY/MINIFY – Make a change, enlarge, decrease • PUT – to another use. Find other uses. • ELIMINATE – reduce, remove. • REVERSE – Turn upside-down, inside out, front side back All together, the strategies will be labelled as SCAMPER
  9. 9. AS A FUTURE TEACHER, TO DEVELOP AND ENHANCE CRITICAL THINKING, PROBLEM SOLVING AND CREATIVITY OF YOUR STUDENTS, HERE ARE SOME SUGGESTIONS: • Encourage students to find and use information and use information from variety of sources both on-line and off-line. • Assist students to compare information from different sources. • Allow student to reflect through different delivery modes like writing, speaking or drawing. • Use real experiences and material to draw tentative decisions • Involve students in creating and questioning assessment.

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