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Effective Searching: Part 5 - Making your results work for you... (Generic Web)

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Effective Searching: Part 5 - Making your results work for you... (Generic Web)

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Effective Searching: Part 5 - Making your results work for you... (Generic Web)

  1. 1. Effective Searching 5: Making your results work for you…
  2. 2. 1. Effective searching overview: key concepts 2. Broadening your Search - synonyms, wildcards, truncation tools 3. Narrowing your search - proximity connectors, phrase searching, exclusions 4. Constructing your search - grouping, search history, evaluating your search 5. Citation Searching Presentations summary
  3. 3. Effective Searching 5: Making your results work for you… This short slide deck will provide an overview of your next steps, once you have constructed an effective search, to ensure you are kept up to date with the latest research on your topic. It forms part 5 of a series covering some of the tools available to you to construct an effective search. Part 1-4 covered how to construct an effective search strategy, and tips on evaluating how effectively it works.
  4. 4. Effective Searching Define your information need • What types of resource do you need? • Identify where to search. • Identify your key concepts. Broaden your search • Be compre- hensive. • Ensure nothing is missed un- necessarily. • “Cast your nets wide.” Narrow your search • Be focused. • Exclude any ‘noise’. • Ensure you can use your reading time most efficiently. • “Use the right nets.” Evaluate your results • Identify gaps. • Assess un- expected results. • Review search terms with new knowl- edge. Make your results work for you • Be efficient with your time. • Search alerts. • Citation searching.
  5. 5. We will cover: (1) Related Results a) Citation Searching & References b) Similar publications c) Quick text-mining tools d) Related commentary - Altmetrics (2) Keeping up to date a) Search & Citation alerts Effective Searching 5: Making your results work for you…
  6. 6. Let’s start with: (1) Related Results a) Citation Searching & References b) Similar publications c) Quick text-mining tools d) Related commentary - Altmetrics (2) Keeping up to date a) Search & Citation alerts Effective Searching 5: Making your results work for you…
  7. 7. Related Results 1: Citation searching & references When starting your search, in most cases your results match the specific keywords you enter. Once you have identified some relevant results, you may be able to use these to identify additional articles of interest or relevance. One key step you can take is reviewing the reference list of an article you have read, or doing a citation search to identify citing works.
  8. 8. • Results you find usually sit within a wider scholarly discourse which you can follow both backwards (references) and forwards (citations) in time • They may have a positive or negative connection to other literature – helping you evaluate articles you have found through the work of others, or through different applications of the ideas or research presented. • They place your identified reading within the wider academic debate: – What that author considered relevant. – How subsequent authors have considered / critiqued / applied / developed the research presented. Related Results 1: Citation searching & references
  9. 9. 20182016 20172015 2019 2020 2021 Paper A Article B Article C Book1 Article D Book 2 Article G Article E Book4 Article F Book 3 Citation SearchingBibliography / Reference List Found article
  10. 10. Related Results 1: Citation searching & references • Most academic databases will allow you to view a list of referenced papers. • There are also 4 key services available to you, which are useful for view citing works to an article you have found: Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar and Dimensions.
  11. 11. Related Results 1: Citation searching & references
  12. 12. Related Results 1: Citation searching & references
  13. 13. Related Results 1: Citation searching & references
  14. 14. Related Results 1: Citation searching & references
  15. 15. • You can see how to conduct a citation search for each of these services in this LibGuide, under Citation Searching Related Results 1: Citation searching & references https://durham-uk.libguides.com/research_skills/finding_info
  16. 16. Related Results 2: Similar publications Once you have identified key articles for your research, most databases allow you different routes to then browse further through related publications. The options will vary between databases, but here are a few examples…
  17. 17. Related Results 2: Similar Publications Many databases will allow you to browse to related records. This could allow you to quickly see other publications by the same author… … articles which have been classified by the database as research on similar subjects… … or articles tagged with similar keywords provided by authors (which can be useful for new fields, before a ‘subject classification’ has been defined.
  18. 18. Related Results 2: Similar Publications Other databases may use automatic algorithms to present lists of related articles based on keywords, subject, shared reference lists and citing articles, authors or other factors.
  19. 19. Related Results 2: Similar Publications Citation databases such as Scopus and Web of Science offer additional functionality, such as associating publications to broad “topics” based on clusters of citing documents. These can help highlight highly cited publications within that topic which may be of interest. TIP: You don’t need to understand the details of how the topics are formed to quickly check if there might be anything of interest highlighted!
  20. 20. Related Results 2: Similar Publications Ask your Faculty Librarian for guidance on which databases are best suited for your subject, and how to navigate the content within those databases.
  21. 21. Related Results 3: Text-mining Text-mining is the use of automated tools to quickly identify, extract, search and analyse (usually) large quantities of text to discover new or unknown information. Whilst we won’t look at details here, or explore the large scale use of text-mining in larger research projects, you may find some examples of small scale use useful if you have the full text of an article you have found (and are doing this for your own personal research)…
  22. 22. Related Results 3: Text-mining JSTOR provides a simple text- analyser which allows you to upload a document you have… … it will analyse the text to identify a range of key terms….
  23. 23. Related Results 3: Text-mining … it will use these terms to search its own collections to find any related articles which may be of interest (whilst allowing you to change the combination of identified terms). TIP: This may also be useful in helping to identify keywords for your own search strategy… as long as you evaluate the impact of these on your search!
  24. 24. Related Results 3: Text-mining Ask your Faculty Librarian for guidance on any relevant services within your subject area which may be of interest.
  25. 25. Related Results 4: Related commentary Some of the scholarly publications you find may have been discussed outside of traditional scholarly channels. This may include discussion in social media or on academic blogs, coverage in the local, national or international news, citation in government policy or use as references in Wikipedia articles… … all of this might be useful to help frame the research in a wider , real-world debate.
  26. 26. Related Results 4: Related Commentary • ‘Altmetric’ tools offer you a complementary tool to citation searching in citation databases, allowing you to see sharing of works outside of traditional scholarly publication channels. • There are several providers of altmetric data, but we’ll highlight tow services here you can use for free: Altmetric.com and PlumX Metrics.
  27. 27. Related Results 4: Related Commentary You may spot the Altmetric Donut in our Connexions service, or on our own digital repository…
  28. 28. Related Results 4: Related Commentary Or you may spot the PlumX Metrics symbol next to articles in some academic databases, such as Scopus or those provided via Ebsco.
  29. 29. Related Results 4: Related Commentary For any article with a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), just type https://plu.mx/a/?doi= , followed by the DOI, into your browser to see altmetric data from PlumX Metrics… For example:
  30. 30. Related Results 4: Related Commentary … or install the Altmetric.com Bookmarklet into your browser bookmarks bar, for free… Just visit… https://www.altmetric.com/products /free-tools/bookmarklet/
  31. 31. Ask your Faculty Librarian for guidance on exploring altmetrics for articles you have found, or visit out LibGuide at: https://durham- uk.libguides.com/research_support/evaluate_altmetrics Related Results 4: Related Commentary
  32. 32. Let’s finish by quickly highlighting: (1) Related Results a) Citation Searching & References b) Similar publications c) Quick text-mining tools d) Related commentary - Altmetrics (2) Keeping up to date a) Search & Citation alerts Effective Searching 5: Making your results work for you…
  33. 33. Keeping up to date Once you are happy with a search strategy most academic databases will allow you to set up an automated alert to let you know when new publications or additions have been found which match your search terms.
  34. 34. Keeping up to date Setting up an alert can save you having to log in and repeat the search yourself, but remember: 1) Revise your search terms as your knowledge and research changes. 2) This only saves you time if you have the time to keep up with the alerts you receive by email!
  35. 35. So in summary: Citation searching & alerts can help place the key articles you have found within wider scholarly landscape. Similar/Related Articles are often be provided by academic databases. Text-mining services offered by some databases can help find other articles based on the text of an article you already have. Altmetric tools can help give you a broader view of how research has been discussed, shared or applied outside of traditional scholarly communication channels Search alerts can help automate your searching once you are happy you have constructed an effective search; they can keep you up to date with any newly published or citing research that could be incorporated into your literature review, prepare you for a supervisor meeting, seminar, conference networking session or reading group. Always approach your Faculty Librarian for additional help & support! Summary
  36. 36. Effective Searching Define your information need • What types of resource do you need? • Identify where to search. • Identify your key concepts. Broaden your search • Be compre- hensive. • Ensure nothing is missed un- necessarily. • “Cast your nets wide.” Narrow your search • Be focused. • Exclude any ‘noise’. • Ensure you can use your reading time most efficiently. • “Use the right nets.” Evaluate your results • Identify gaps. • Assess un- expected results. • Review search terms with new knowl- edge. Make your results work for you • Be efficient with your time. • Search alerts. • Citation searching.

Editor's Notes

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