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Evolution of Drawing as an Engineering Discipline

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Prepared by,
Anindya Sundar Paul
CSE, University of Dhaka
Md. Sadun Haq
CSE, University of Dhaka

(This isn't exactly how it was presented. The actual one contains animations. But since slideshare doesn't support that, it had to uploaded as a flat PDF. Also due to the font being unique, the texts are not showing up correctly!)

Engineering drawing is a medium for communication between various people involved in the design and manufacturing process of machines, buildings, vehicles or any other stuff. Here in this presentation, we show how drawing has gone through its development as an engineering discipline.

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Evolution of Drawing as an Engineering Discipline

  1. 1. Evolution of Drawing as an engineering discipline presented to Dr. MA Rashid Sarkar Aashique Alam Rezwan presented by Anindya Sundar Paul, 07 Md. Sadun Haq, 41
  2. 2. Drawing ENGINEERING DRAWING 2
  3. 3. Drawing a language a method for communication DRAWING 3
  4. 4. Drawing Engineering Drawing ENGINEERING DRAWING is a medium or language for communication between various people involved in design and manufacturing process of machines, buildings, vehicles etc. 4
  5. 5. HISTORY 5
  6. 6. History When did it all start? Where did it come from? What’s its origin? Let’s find out! 6
  7. 7. CLASSIC ERA 7
  8. 8. Classic Era Chaldean Engineer GUDEA 8
  9. 9. Classic Era Gudea 2130 BC floor plan of a fortress inscribed on stone 9
  10. 10. Classic Era Roman Architect and Engineer VITRUVIUS 80 BC – 15 BC 10
  11. 11. Classic Era Vitruvius De Architectura drawings of buildings, temples, weapons antique machineries 11
  12. 12. Classic Era Vitruvius De Architectura Greek house plan 12
  13. 13. Classic Era Vitruvius De Architectura 13
  14. 14. Classic Era Vitruvius De Architectura Drainage Wheel used in mines discovered at Rio Tinto, Spain 14
  15. 15. Classic Era Vitruvius also studied on the geometry of human body (later depicted by Leonardo da Vinci) 15
  16. 16. Classic Era lot more drawings were made unluckily none of those could survive to the present era 16
  17. 17. GOTHIC ERA 17
  18. 18. Gothic Era VILLARD DE HONNECOURT 13th Century 18
  19. 19. Gothic Era Villard de Honnecourt some sketches were found in Honnecourt’s sketch book but they didn’t demonstrate any feature of technical drawing 19
  20. 20. Gothic Era Villard de Honnecourt the sketches demonstrate a range of ephemera from the world of cathedrals 20
  21. 21. Gothic Era Villard de Honnecourt the sketches seem partial and lack explicit orthographic views or dimensions 21
  22. 22. Gothic Era Villard de Honnecourt the drawings were more gothic iconic than modern mechanical 22
  23. 23. Gothic Era GUIDO DA VIGEVANO 1280 - 1349 23
  24. 24. Gothic Era Guido da Vigevano book of siege engine designs 1335 reveals importance of these drawings as a tool for attracting patronage 24
  25. 25. Gothic Era Guido da Vigevano Crank Wagon first of its kind considered to be the first car uses force generated by a windmill 25
  26. 26. Gothic Era masons who actually constructed had their own documentary conventions due to lack of common dimensioning process the design drawings were highly abstract 26
  27. 27. RENAISSANCE ERA 27
  28. 28. Renaissance Era TACCOLA 1382 - 1453 early renaissance 28
  29. 29. Renaissance Era Taccola Piston Pump use of perspective to accurately portray inventions and machines 29
  30. 30. Renaissance Era Taccola Animal Powered Machine very clear use of shading to define perspective 30
  31. 31. Renaissance Era Taccola Vitruvian Man Overbalanced Wheel 31
  32. 32. Renaissance Era Taccola used drawing not as a means of documentation rather as a way of iterating through design possibilities 32
  33. 33. Renaissance Era FRANCESCO DI GIORGIO MARTINI Military Engineer 1439 – 1502 33
  34. 34. Renaissance Era Giorgio Martini executed many architectural designs which were found in his book 34
  35. 35. Renaissance Era LEONARDO DA VINCI 1452 - 1519 35
  36. 36. Renaissance Era Leonardo da Vinci first evidence of modern engineering drawing 36
  37. 37. Renaissance Era Leonardo da Vinci features like exploded views assembly drawings detailed cutaways 37
  38. 38. Renaissance Era Leonardo da Vinci Fly Machine Some of his works Vitruvian Man 38
  39. 39. Renaissance Era Leonardo da Vinci the documentation almost resembles modern engineering drawing and documentation process 39
  40. 40. Renaissance Era Albrecht Dürer 1471 - 1528 40
  41. 41. Renaissance Era Albrecht Dürer features like projected views were absent in Leonardo da Vinci’s drawings whereas they were present in Albrecht Dürer’s drawings 41
  42. 42. Renaissance Era despite the beauty and the technical features, drawings of this era lacked some crucial features like dimensioning 42
  43. 43. INDUSTRIAL ERA 43
  44. 44. Industrial Era GASPARD MONGE 1746 - 1818 44
  45. 45. Industrial Era Gaspard Monge developed a geometrical approach for determining the true shape of planes of intersection between generated forms thus set up the base for orthographic views 45
  46. 46. Industrial Era SIR JOHN HERSCHEL 1792 - 1871 46
  47. 47. Industrial Era Sir John Herschel discovered blueprint in 1840 introduced in USA in 1876 47
  48. 48. Industrial Era Drafting Machine invented in 1920 drawing parallel lines angled lines became really fast 48
  49. 49. COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING (CAD) 49
  50. 50. Computer Aided Drafting COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING is a software that allows us to do engineering drawing in the computer, saving cost and instrument space 50
  51. 51. Computer Aided Drafting EUCLID of ALEXANDRIA 350 BC todays CAD softwares are built upon euclidean geometry 51
  52. 52. Computer Aided Drafting Sketch Pad early 1960s developed by Ivan Sutherland first true CAD software 52
  53. 53. Computer Aided Drafting CATIA French aerospace company Avions Marcel Dassault began developing CATIA (Computer Aided Three Dimensional Interactive Application) 53
  54. 54. Computer Aided Drafting AutoCAD IBM first introduced pc in 1981 and AutoDesk was founded in 1982 they demonstrated the first CAD for pc “AutoCAD Version 1” 54
  55. 55. Computer Aided Drafting 3D Sketchpad Pro/Engineer in 1987 Parametric Technology Corp. took the sketchpad idea and developed 3d sketchpad with lightpen 55
  56. 56. Computer Aided Drafting Mechanical Desktop released by AutoDesk in 1996 first full-function 3d solid modeling CAD software 56
  57. 57. Computer Aided Drafting AutoCAD 2000i first web enabled CAD software provided the ability to output drawings that could be viewed with a web browser 57
  58. 58. Computer Aided Drafting Rapid Prototyping group of techniques used to quickly fabricate a scale model of a physical part or assembly using 3d CAD data 58
  59. 59. Computer Aided Drafting 3D Printing CAD designs are used to directly print 3d objects using 3d printers users can design and print according to their own demand 59
  60. 60. Computer Aided Drafting this is how it was 60
  61. 61. Computer Aided Drafting this is how it is 61
  62. 62. THANK YOU 62

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