Hestia Hades Demeter Poseidon Hera Zeus
Kronos and Rhea were brother and sister, and they had six children together.
Because he had killed his own father, Kronos became paranoid that his children
would try to overthrow him, so he decided to eat them. His wife, Rhea, saved their
youngest child, Zeus, by feeding Kronos a stone wrapped in a blanket instead. The
children kept growing inside of Kronos because they were gods. When Zeus was
grown, he forced his father to free his siblings (by making him throw-up), and then
they did in fact overthrow Kronos and the Titans to become the ruling gods!
In Chapter 2, entitled “Three Old Ladies Knit the Socks of Death,” Percy
Jackson has his first encounter with the Fates. The Fates decide a
person’s destiny. There are three Fates. The first is Clotho, the spinner,
who spins the thread of life. The second is Lachesis, the measurer, who
chooses someone’s lot in life, and measures off how long it will be. The
third is Atropos, the snipper, who cuts the thread of life.
Image Source: http://www.mythologyteacher.com/Coloring-Sheets.php
Fates Source: http://www.greekmythology.com/Other_Gods/The_Fates/the_fates.html
Olympus is an
actual The major gods
mountain in and goddesses,
Greece. also known as the
Mount Zeus' palace
Olympus is also on its peak.
home of the
After leading his brother and sister gods
in a revolt against their parents, the
Titans, Zeus became the unquestioned
ruler of the Heavens.
His feared weapon is the Thunderbolt,
and his palace on Mount Olympus is a
place of peace, where all gods are
Zeus is the husband of the goddess
HERA, but it's not in his nature to be
faithful. Time and time again, he enters
into disastrous affairs with other
goddesses, nymphs, and mortal women.
Zeus is the all-father. Almost all the
second generation of gods claim Zeus as
their father. Many of the mortal heroes
are children of the god as well.
Zeus' bird is the eagle.
Next to his brother ZEUS, Poseidon is the
god the Greeks most feared. As a sea-
faring people, they knew the hazards of
a stormy sea.
The god was known for his mood
swings, violent rage one minute, calm
the next--just like the waters he
When there was an earthquake, the
Greeks recognized it as the work of
Poseidon the Earth-shaker.
Poseidon was married to the Daughter of
Ocean and commanded the waves with
his mighty trident.
Hades is not a villain. He is cold and
calculating. He keeps to himself, only showing
up in myth when he is sought out. Hades is
more a recluse than anything else.
After the gods defeated the Titans, Hades
was presented with a helmet of invisibility
and given the Underworld to rule.
He has little to do with mortals' lives. Their
deaths are a different story. Hades is not
Death himself; in other words he is not
responsible for deciding when mortals die,
but he does preside over funeral rights and he
defends the rights of proper burials.
Hades' Roman name Pluto came from the
Greek word for wealth. The god was
considered rich because of all the precious
metals that are found beneath the earth.
According to one tale, Athena was not
actually born, but sprang fully-grown from
ZEUS' head. This is symbolic of her distinction
as Goddess of Wisdom.
Athena's animal was the wisest of birds, the
As the leader of the Virgin Goddesses, those
who will never marry, Athena refuses to let
any man to be her master.
When a new city-state was founded, there
was a contest between Athena and her uncle
POSEIDON over who should be its patron
god. The competition was fierce. To win the
people over to his side, Poseidon formed the
first horse from the crest of a wave. In order
to one-up his gift, Athena created the bridle, a
tool man could use to subdue Poseidon's
creation. Since her gift was the wiser, the city
chose Athena as their patron goddess. From
this point on the city-state was called Athens.
Dionysus was the only god to have a
Dionysus was a two-sided god. On one
side, he is the gentle planter of the vine.
On the other, he is a wild drinker,
inspiring his followers to misbehave.
Satyrs, half-men half-goat creatures,
were said to be friends of Dionysus.
Athens dedicated its springtime drama
festival to the god, therefore he is the
god of the theatre.
Hermes, the most mischievous and clever
of the gods, also served a guide of dead
souls to the Underworld.
Hermes was one of the youngest gods and
showed his ability to cause both trouble
and delight at an early age.
His brother Apollo presented Hermes with
a magical sleep-inducing staff called the
Once ZEUS realized his young son would
cause nothing but trouble if his mind
weren't constantly occupied, he gave him
with the job of Olympian Messenger.
He was given a winged cap and sandals to
assist him in his duties.
Ares is the cruelest member of the
Olympians, hated by all (even his
This god is known for his ruthlessness
when he has the upper-hand and his
cowardice when the tides turn against
Even the Greeks disliked this terrible
There were no temples to Ares in
Aphrodite was so lovely that the Greeks
couldn't imagine her being born in the usual
way. Instead she sprang from the white
beauty of the sea foam.
In an odd arrangement, this most beautiful
goddess was married to the only ugly
Olympian, HEPHAESTUS, the deformed
Gods and mortal men found her charms
Whenever on business abroad, Aphrodite
was pulled through the sky by a swan-drawn
The swan and the dove were both symbols
of her grace.
Greeks loved Apollo and called him the
"most Greek of all the gods".
He, above all others, represented the ideal
man: handsome, athletic, intelligent,
talented, and good
Apollo became the God of the Sun and his
twin sister, ARTEMIS, is Goddess of the
The lyre is Apollo's instrument, as he is the
Apollo's tree is the laurel.
A wreath of laurels was awarded in Greece
to those who won a contest of poetry.
Artemis is often called upon by maidens who
want nothing to do with men.
Artemis was also the twin sister of APOLLO
and revered as the Goddess of the Moon.
At times her different duties contradict one
other. Even though she is a hunter of animals
herself, she often demands that mortals pay
for killing defenseless beasts.
In the most famous case, she demands that a
Greek army offer her a human sacrifice in
apology for trampling a family of rabbits. She
asks for the life of the general's young
daughter, a maiden. This is strange behavior
for the protector of maidens.
Demeter,was the Goddess of Agriculture
(or the Harvest).
The Greeks felt a strong connection to her
because she was responsible for providing
them with their food and work in the
Demeter was one of the few gods who did
not reside on Olympus. She lived on earth,
where she could be close to those who
needed her most.
Demeter's existence was bittersweet. In
the fall and winter, she mourned her
Only during the spring and summer was
she truly happy.
Persephone was the daughter of ZEUS
and his sister DEMETER, the Goddess of
She is the Goddess of the Springtime.
One day while Persephone was
gathering flowers, HADES spied her in
Not wasting a second, he drove his
team of coal-black steeds up through
the earth and pulled her into his chariot.
Back in the Underworld, Hades forced
her to be his queen.