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Daily use of bibliometrics
Daily use of bibliometrics
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Publish be cited, or perish

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Publish be cited, or perish

  1. 1. Publish be cited, or perish Towards a publication strategy Wouter Gerritsma, Wageningen UR Library
  2. 2. At the beginning it all starts with good research
  3. 3. After you've completed your excellent research you should consider your options carefully when it comes to publishing
  4. 4. Outline  Citations and impact  h-index  Journal selection  Collaboration  Open Access  Some publishing tips  Data Management  What's in a name
  5. 5. What is impact? CC-BY-NC-SA 2.0 Tim Ove
  6. 6. Beeldvullende foto met titel
  7. 7. How do we compare numbers  Scientist Z. Math has a publication from 2002 with 17 citations  Scientist M. Biology has a publication from 2008 with 24 citations
  8. 8. Baselines for mathematics
  9. 9. Baselines for mathematics
  10. 10. Baselines for Molecular Biology Cumulative no. citations 400 Baseline top 10% 300 top 1% 200 100 0 0 2 4 6 8 Years after publication 10 12
  11. 11. Baselines for Molecular Biology Cumulative no. citations 400 Baseline top 10% 300 top 1% 200 100 0 0 2 4 6 8 Years after publication 10 12
  12. 12. Bibliometric indicators: An example  Kroes-Nijboer, A; Venema, P; Bouman, J; van der Linden, E (2009) The Critical Aggregation Concentration of betaLactoglobulin-Based Fibril Formation. Food Biophysics 4(2):5963. ● Citations from WoS: 11  Journal: Food Biophysics ● Categorised by ESI in Agricultural Sciences  Baseline data for Agricultural Science. ● Article from 2009 in Agricultural Sciences: ● On average: 6.12 citations; top 10%: 16 citations; top1%: 38 citations  Relative Impact: 11/6.12 = 1.80 Values Oct. 2013
  13. 13. We are not the only ones doing these calculations http://www.wti2.nl/
  14. 14. We are not the only ones doing these calculations http://www.wti2.nl/ http://www.science-metrix.com
  15. 15. We are not the only ones doing these calculations http://www.wti2.nl/ http://www.scienceeurope.org http://www.science-metrix.com
  16. 16. Sooner or later, you will be subject of such an analysis!
  17. 17. What about the h-index?
  18. 18. H-index
  19. 19. H-index
  20. 20. Omnipresent h-index
  21. 21. Omnipresent h-index 54
  22. 22. Omnipresent h-index 54
  23. 23. Omnipresent h-index 54 47
  24. 24. Omnipresent h-index 54 47
  25. 25. Omnipresent h-index 47 54 57
  26. 26. Omnipresent h-index 47 54 57
  27. 27. What are properties of impactful papers?
  28. 28. Document type and Relative Impact 20032009, for Wageningen UR Document type Pubs RI T10(%T10) T1(%T1) Article 11212 1.62 2777(25%) 437( 4%) Review 705 4.45 418 (59%) 145(21%) 11917 1.79 3195(27%) 582(5%) Aggregate Source: Wageningen Yield, Feb. 2012
  29. 29. Another take at the Impact Factor
  30. 30. Journal selection and impact universities globally
  31. 31. Journal selection and impact universities globally
  32. 32. Increase in share of Q1 articles at WageningenUR
  33. 33. Journal selection affects Relative Impact
  34. 34. Journal selection affects Relative Impact 2011 2003 2010
  35. 35. The impact factor Matthew effect "The journal in which papers are published have a strong influence on their citation rates, as duplicate papers published in high-impact journals obtain, on average, twice as many citations as their identical counterparts published in journals with lower impact factors" Larivière, V. and Y. Gingras (2010). The impact factor's Matthew Effect: A natural experiment in bibliometrics. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 61(2): 424-427. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asi.21232
  36. 36. Where you publish matters most "Where you publish is the primary determinant of how many citations your work will receive in the future" Peng, T.-Q. & J.J.H. Zhu (2012). Where you publish matters most: A multilevel analysis of factors affecting citations of internet studies. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(9): 1789-1803 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asi.22649
  37. 37. Final word on journal quality "It is better to publish one paper in a quality journal than multiple papers in lesser journals. [...]. Try to publish in journals that have high impact factors; chances are your paper will have high impact, too, if accepted." Bourne, P. E. (2005). Ten Simple Rules for Getting Published. PLoS Computational Biology 1(5): e57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.0010057
  38. 38. Networking cc-by Andy Lamb
  39. 39. Cooperation is effective UNIV. EUR RUG RUN TUD TUE LEI MAA TUT UU UVA TIU VU WUR Avg Single Author address 1.16 1.15 1.14 1.27 1.27 1.18 0.91 1.20 1.83 0.98 1.09 1.21 1.19 1.20 National copublication 1.23 1.19 1.18 1.12 1.30 1.26 1.19 1.32 1.28 1.20 0.98 1.26 1.43 1.23 International copublication 1.92 1.62 1.81 1.36 1.49 1.72 1.51 1.42 1.74 1.67 1.19 1.66 1.49 1.58 WTI2 report 2011
  40. 40. Research collaboration in Europe & USA Kamalski, J., & Plume, A. (2013). Comparative Benchmarking of European and US Research Collaboration and Researcher Mobility. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V. http://info.scival.com/researchinitiatives/science-europe
  41. 41. Collaboration with corporate very effective Kamalski, J., & Aisati, M. h. (2013). International comparative benchmark of Dutch research performance in TKI themes: Food Safety research. A report prepared by Elsevier for Agentschap NL.
  42. 42. University-industry collaboration and impact "The average scientific impact of universityindustry papers is significantly above that of both university-only papers and industry-only papers" Lebeau, L. M., Laframboise, M. C., Larivière, V., & Gingras, Y. (2008). The effect of university-industry collaboration on the scientific impact of publications: The Canadian case, 1980-2005. Research Evaluation, 17(3), 227-232. http://dx.doi.org/10.3152/095820208x331685
  43. 43. Collaboration leads to more authors per paper King, C. (2012). Multiauthor Papers: Onward and Upward. ScienceWatch Newsletter, July 2012. http://archive.sciencewatch.com/newsletter/2012/201207/multiauthor_papers/
  44. 44. Increasing no. of authors per publication Authors Wageningen Graduate Schools
  45. 45. Start networking early!  Who is your neighbour in this audience?  Be active at conferences  Make use of social media  Use the social network tools ● Next to LinkedIn and Facebook ● Mendeley, Researchgate.net or Academia.edu
  46. 46. Start networking early!  Who is your neighbour in this audience?  Be active at conferences #awpc  Make use of social media  Use the social network tools ● Next to LinkedIn and Facebook ● Mendeley, Researchgate.net or Academia.edu
  47. 47. Wageningen's most active tweep
  48. 48. More on Open Access
  49. 49. PhD theses produced at Wageningen UR 300 250 200 150 100 50 0
  50. 50. PhD theses produced at Wageningen UR 300 250 200 150 100 50 0
  51. 51. What do PhD theses mean for Open Access at Wageningen UR  VLAG PhD students set out to publish 5.5 article per thesis  Finally 4.5 article per thesis gets published This represent  Preprints of 4.5 * 200 = 900 articles/year  ca. 36% of all peer reviewed Wageningen UR articles
  52. 52. After your thesis publication what are your options for Open Access publishing?
  53. 53. Open Access publishing  Golden Road e.g. PLoS, BMC, SpringerOpen, Sage Open ● Directory of open access journals DOAJ (currently 9957 journals) ● Often author pays model; many society publishers for free  Delayed OA publishing ● Cambridge UP, Highwire press, many society publishers  Green Road : self-archiving in repositories e.g. Wageningen Yield (WaY)
  54. 54. Green Road: Deposit author versions to WaY See: http://edepot.wur.nl/169331 Send your final version of the article to: way.libray@wur.nl
  55. 55. Open Access Publishing  Open Access leads to more citations! ● Open access increases societal relevance ● Vital for Wageningen's international collaborators  Be aware of predatory publishers! ● Have a look at Beall's list
  56. 56. You are what you cite
  57. 57. Increased impact? Advertise yourself!
  58. 58. Self citations "The model implies that external citations are enhanced by self-citations, so that we have the 'chain reaction:' Larger size leads to more self-citations, which lead to more external citations" 11/28 van Raan, A. F. J. (2008). Self-citation as an impact-reinforcing mechanism in the science system. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 59(10): 1631-1643. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asi.20868
  59. 59. More on references Articles that cite more references are in turn cited more themselves Webster, G. D., P. K. Jonason, et al. (2009). Hot Topics and Popular Papers in Evolutionary Psychology: Analyses of Title Words and Citation Counts in Evolution and Human Behavior, 1979 – 2008. Evolutionary Psychology 7(3): 348-362. http://www.epjournal.net/filestore/ep07348362.pdf To be the best, cite the best Borrowed from: Corbyn, Z. (2010). "To be the best, cite the best." Nature News, 13 October 2010, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/news.2010.539 Reporting on the publication of Bornmann, L., F. de Moya Anegón, et al. (2010). Do Scientific Advancements Lean on the Shoulders of Giants? A Bibliometric Investigation of the Ortega Hypothesis. PLoS ONE 5(10): e13327 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013327.
  60. 60. More articles per research project?  Publishing more articles results in higher citation counts if the articles provide sufficient substantive content to other researchers. ● Beware of the ethical standards ● Bornmann looked at total citations, not to relative impact Bornmann, L. & H.-D. Daniel (2007). Multiple publication on a single research study: Does it pay? The influence of number of research articles on total citation counts in biomedicine. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 58(8): 1100-1107 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asi.20531
  61. 61. Citations Where to publish interdisciplinary research Avg Social Sciences Clinical Medicine Larivière, V. & Y. Gingras (2010). On the relationship between interdisciplinarity and scientific impact. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 61(1): 126-131 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asi.21226
  62. 62. If a picture is worth a 1000 words How many citations is a graph worth? Tartanus, M. et al. (2013). Graphs and prestige in agricultural journals. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 64(9), 1946-1950. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asi.22868
  63. 63. Wageningen UR Data Management Proof
  64. 64. Why is data management important  Good data management improves thinking and writing up your results  Data should be reproducible 5 years after publication (code of conduct)  It facilitates sharing of data with other researchers
  65. 65. Why is data management important  Good data management improves thinking and writing up your results  Data should be reproducible 5 years after publication (code of conduct)  It facilitates sharing of data with other researchers  As of April 2014, a Data Management Plan becomes mandatory for new PhD students
  66. 66. Sharing data increases impact "Publicly available data was significantly associated with a 69% increase in citations, independently of journal impact factor, date of publication, and author country of origin" Piwowar, H. A., Day, R. S., & Fridsma, D. B. (2007). Sharing Detailed Research Data Is Associated with Increased Citation Rate. PLoS ONE, 2(3), e308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000308
  67. 67. What's in a name  On the cover: ● Arina Schrier  First first title page: ● A.P. Schrier-Uyl  Second title page: ● Adriana Pia Uyl  In here own publication list ● A. Uyl ● A. Uijl ● A.P. Schrier Uyl
  68. 68. You should repair the damage  Make your 1. Google Scholar Citations profile publically available 2. Make a researcherID (in Web of Science) 3. Check your Scopus profile 4. Couple 2 & 3 to ORCiD  Additionally ● Mendeley, Researchgate.net and Acdemia.edu
  69. 69. This also applies to the names of groups
  70. 70. This also applies to the names of groups Environmental Policy Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University
  71. 71. This also applies to the names of groups Environmental Policy Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University
  72. 72. This also applies to the names of groups Environmental Policy Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre
  73. 73. This also applies to the names of groups Environmental Policy Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen UR
  74. 74. Get your affiliation right For the university: Chair group + Wageningen University Plant Production Systems Group, Wageningen University, P.O. box ..., 6700 HA Wageningen, The Netherlands For the institutes: Institute + Wageningen University & Research Centre Alterra, Wageningen University & Research Centre, P.O. box ..., 6700 HA Wageningen, The Netherlands
  75. 75. Conclusions  It all starts with good research  Think about where you publish  Science is a team effort  Consider Open Access publishing  Your data will become as important as publications  Be careful with your name and affiliation
  76. 76. Thank you! On the Web: @wowter wowter.net www.slideshare.net/wowter

Editor's Notes

  • At this moment we keep track of ca. 23,000 articles published in journals covered by WoS since 2002
  • The point is, sooner or later you are confronted with these measures too.
  • The point is, sooner or later you are confronted with these measures too.
  • The point is, sooner or later you are confronted with these measures too.
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