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Heroines of
     Ancient Rome
Jackie Giammattteo
Timeline

753 B.C –       509 B.C           27 A.D -
Founding        – Roman          Octavian
of Rome         Republic   ...
Women’s Role in Ancient
        Rome
  Women had no legal freedom in Ancient
 Rome

 A Roman women was under the control o...
Some Left Marks on
       History
With their restricted roles in public life, it was
hard for women to make an impact on
s...
Lucreti
  a

                 Cloelia




          Verginia
The Story of Lucretia
During the Reign of the tyrant kings ruling Rome,
several young military leaders met for a dinner
ga...
Lucretia
All were surprised to find their
wives preparing for lavish
dinner parties and spending
time with friends

The wi...
Trouble
Among the group of men was the son of the
tyrant king at the time (Lucius Tarquinius
Superbus ), Sextus Tarquinius...
Sextus told Lucretia if
she were to scream
for help, he would kill
both her and a slave,
and put them both in
her bed maki...
Dishonor
After Sextus left Lucretia, with shame, called to
see her husband and father and tearfully
explained what happene...
“No woman shall use
Lucretia as her example in
        dishonor.”
March to Rome
Lucretia’s husband and father were outraged
They declared that the king and his family had
committed far too...
Expel of the Kings
The public succeeded in overthrowing the king
and his family

This ended the reign of kings in Rome and...
The Roman Republic
The republic was established in 509 B.C

Rome was still very small and was completely
surrounded by ene...
The Proposal
The Proposal stated that
he would give Janiculum
back to the Romans, if
they would give the
Etruscans some yo...
Cloelia
Rome agreed to this and sent over some
hostages

Among the hostages was a teenage girl named
Cloeli
The Escape
One night Cloelia escaped

Unseen by the guards, she led several other girls
out as well

She led them across t...
Bravery
When the news reached the king that Cloelia had
escaped and taken other girls with her, he was
outraged
He demande...
Hero
When Cloelia returned to Rome
she became an instant hero for
her courage and willingness to
risk her life for the sak...
The Decemvirate
Once the monarchy was overthrown, Rome was
ruled by two men called consuls and the senate

In 451 B.C a gr...
Verginia
One member to the Decemvirate was Appius
Claudius

Appius began to lust over a beautiful girl named
Verginia

Ver...
The Plan
Appius was going to have one of his clients take
Verginia while she was on her way to school

The client would th...
Verginius
Before Appius could rule that Verginia must go
back to the custody of her former owner, the
case was delayed so ...
Verginia’s
    Murder
Once Verginia arrived to defend
his daughter, Appius immediately
silenced him and ruled custody
of V...
Overthrow of the
   Decemvirate and re-
  establishment of the
      Roman Republic
This act of corruption led to the over...
Lasting Influence
In a nation dominated by men, Lucretia, Cloelia,
and Verginia all stood out as Heroines

Lucretia sacrif...
Inspiring Women for
 Generations to come
The actions of these women influenced and
inspired other women for years

The way...
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Heroines of Rome Jackie Giammatteo

  1. 1. Heroines of Ancient Rome Jackie Giammattteo
  2. 2. Timeline 753 B.C – 509 B.C 27 A.D - Founding – Roman Octavian of Rome Republic (Augustu by s) takes Romulus is power as and establish the first Remus ed emperor Roman empire continues until its fall in 476 A.D
  3. 3. Women’s Role in Ancient Rome Women had no legal freedom in Ancient Rome A Roman women was under the control of a male figure her entire life Women could not hold the position of general, consul, or senator Could not vote or own any land
  4. 4. Some Left Marks on History With their restricted roles in public life, it was hard for women to make an impact on society…But some did Lucretia, Cloelia, and Verginia These women were all considered heroines of the early Roman Republic Their actions influenced and inspired women for generations to come
  5. 5. Lucreti a Cloelia Verginia
  6. 6. The Story of Lucretia During the Reign of the tyrant kings ruling Rome, several young military leaders met for a dinner gathering Each man began to boast about how great his wife was All the men decided to ride back to their homes to secretly observe their wives to see who’s wife was acting most virtuous
  7. 7. Lucretia All were surprised to find their wives preparing for lavish dinner parties and spending time with friends The wife of Tarquinius Conlatinus stood out, Lucretia Lucretia was home spinning wool with her maids The men were all impressed by Lucretia’s innocence and honor and awarded Tarquinius Conlatinus as winner.
  8. 8. Trouble Among the group of men was the son of the tyrant king at the time (Lucius Tarquinius Superbus ), Sextus Tarquinius Sextus was overcome with jealousy, desire, and ambition to challenge Lucretia’s purity A few nights later Sextus entered the house of Lucretia to rape her
  9. 9. Sextus told Lucretia if she were to scream for help, he would kill both her and a slave, and put them both in her bed making it look as if she had committed adultery Lucretia relented and Sextus raped her
  10. 10. Dishonor After Sextus left Lucretia, with shame, called to see her husband and father and tearfully explained what happened She explained that her body was now soiled Choosing death over dishonor, Lucretia plunged a knife into her heart
  11. 11. “No woman shall use Lucretia as her example in dishonor.”
  12. 12. March to Rome Lucretia’s husband and father were outraged They declared that the king and his family had committed far too many crimes and the monarchy had to end They began to march to Rome where they were joined by others who were horrified by Lucretia’s rape and death Many had also suffered under the king for long enough and joined the cause
  13. 13. Expel of the Kings The public succeeded in overthrowing the king and his family This ended the reign of kings in Rome and began the Republic
  14. 14. The Roman Republic The republic was established in 509 B.C Rome was still very small and was completely surrounded by enemies It wasn’t long until Rome was attacked and put under siege by the Etruscan king of Clusium, Lars Porsena. After almost being assassinated by a Roman, in fear that it might happen again, Porsena made a peace proposal to the Romans
  15. 15. The Proposal The Proposal stated that he would give Janiculum back to the Romans, if they would give the Etruscans some young Roman hostages
  16. 16. Cloelia Rome agreed to this and sent over some hostages Among the hostages was a teenage girl named Cloeli
  17. 17. The Escape One night Cloelia escaped Unseen by the guards, she led several other girls out as well She led them across the Tiber river while being showered with Javelins and arrows by the realizing guards She managed to get every single girl home safely
  18. 18. Bravery When the news reached the king that Cloelia had escaped and taken other girls with her, he was outraged He demanded her back threatening to renew war with the Romans Cloelia, bravely agreed to return back to Clusium if it meant keeping the peace in her homeland of Rome Upon return to the king, his anger soon turned into admiration for the young girl’s courage and let her return safely to Rome again
  19. 19. Hero When Cloelia returned to Rome she became an instant hero for her courage and willingness to risk her life for the sake of keeping peace in Rome She was rewarded with an equestrian statue on the highest point of the Sacred Way
  20. 20. The Decemvirate Once the monarchy was overthrown, Rome was ruled by two men called consuls and the senate In 451 B.C a group of ten men, called the Decemvirate, were appointed to draw up the laws of the state that would clearly define the rights of both plebeians and patricians. Overtime the rule of the Decemvirate became increasable violent
  21. 21. Verginia One member to the Decemvirate was Appius Claudius Appius began to lust over a beautiful girl named Verginia Verginia, being engaged, rejected him the several times he tried to seduce her So Appius Claudius came up with a plan
  22. 22. The Plan Appius was going to have one of his clients take Verginia while she was on her way to school The client would then take her to court claiming that Verginia was actually his slave who was stolen from him when she was a baby Appius, being the Judge of Civil Disputes would rule that the girl must be returned to her “former owner” (essentially just given to Appius)
  23. 23. Verginius Before Appius could rule that Verginia must go back to the custody of her former owner, the case was delayed so Verginia’s father, Verginius could return from war and defend his daughter He fled back to Rome to support his daughter’s freedom gathering supporters on the way
  24. 24. Verginia’s Murder Once Verginia arrived to defend his daughter, Appius immediately silenced him and ruled custody of Verginia to his client Shocked, Verginius begged to talk to his daughter alone Before Appius could stop him, Verginius stabbed his daughter knowing it was the only way to secure her freedom Verginius was immediately arrested, but his supporters gathered to attack Appius Claudius
  25. 25. Overthrow of the Decemvirate and re- establishment of the Roman Republic This act of corruption led to the overthrow of the Decemvirate They had already been abusing their power for years and their power seemed to be getting to the level of the kings which had been overthrown many years before Verginia’s death sparked the uprising which led to the re-establishment of the Roman republic
  26. 26. Lasting Influence In a nation dominated by men, Lucretia, Cloelia, and Verginia all stood out as Heroines Lucretia sacrificed herself in order to uphold the traditional values of Roman women, which sparked an overthrowing of the tyrant kings Cloelia’s courage protected the peace in Rome during the republic Verginia’s death kept the republic from turning into a monarchy again
  27. 27. Inspiring Women for Generations to come The actions of these women influenced and inspired other women for years The way women were looked at was changed because of these hero’s
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