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Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 1 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 2 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 3 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 4 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 5 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 6 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 7 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 8 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 9 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 10 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 11 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 12 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 13 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 14 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 15 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 16 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 17 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 18 Mind-Mapping presentation (English version) Slide 19 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This version of the document encompasses the French one and a part of my conference given during the Biggerplate event in Paris (Mars 2013).

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Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)

  1. 1. PagePagePagePage 1111/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MINDMINDMINDMIND----MAPPINGMAPPINGMAPPINGMAPPING An overview Jean-Pascal CÔTE Everything starts from and ends at the centre First part June 2013www.emapsfree.fr Presentation delivered under Commons Creative licence
  2. 2. PagePagePagePage 2222/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 SummarySummarySummarySummary NB : Chapters IV, V and VI will be the purpose of the second part (End of 2013)
  3. 3. PagePagePagePage 3333/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: forewordforewordforewordforeword Mind-mapping is another way to represent information. It consists of creating a graphical word arborescence from a central topic. It is characterized by the following points : All pieces of information are put together in a single diagram It facilitates cognitive processes (Thinking, memorization, association ) It enables to structure information so that it comes out in a clear fashion It can be applied in many fields (Companies, universities, non profitable organizations) It belongs to a centred diagram family (Cf. below) Its development is the purpose of this document
  4. 4. PagePagePagePage 4444/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: contextcontextcontextcontext (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2) A very strong dynamism The success and the dynamism of Mind-mapping have been growing significantly among private individuals and companies, through the following points : ● The popularization of the method and publications allow various uses. ● User communities are increasingly present on the web bringing innovative ideas ( Many maps and articles about this topic). ● An increasing number of provision of services are offered using this tool (Training, knowledge transfer, facilitation, project management, etc.). ● It is now integrated in secondary school syllabus (In France since September 2010). ● The development of collaborative platforms enables collective/collaborative intelligence technique to emerge. ● New softwares are regularly launched in the market. ● The number of Mind-mapping editors migrating their apps for mobile phones and notepads continues to grow. ● There is also a growing interest on the subject in Latin America (Src. Signos)
  5. 5. PagePagePagePage 5555/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: contextcontextcontextcontext (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2) …With further improvements to come that can be viewed in two ways : from a technical point of view : ● Few softwares offer an open architecture (DB access). ● All user graphical interfaces do not enable the same services. ● The marketing message of softwares is unclear. from a general point of view : ● The equation : Mind-mapping = using a software is still very popular. ● A lot of questions on social networks are about softwares. ● Maps still remain more or less isolated from a more general context in which they fit. ● The aim of Mind-mapping is not always very well understood. ● There is few methodological approaches on the subject. ● Explanations about Mind-mapping capabilities are confusing.
  6. 6. PagePagePagePage 6666/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: objective and readingobjective and readingobjective and readingobjective and reading Objective The objective of this Mind-mapping presentation is threefold : ● To provide the maximum of learning tools so that it can be applied quickly and efficiently in a working environment or personal projects. ● To bring a contribution to the topics mentioned in the previous chapter without pretending to be exhaustive. ● To propose and share another view of Mind-mapping Reading ● We advise beginners to start with chapter I and to take the best of the others depending of their needs. ● Confirmed users and experts will take benefit from novelties discussed in chapters II and III.
  7. 7. PagePagePagePage 7777/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: out of scopeout of scopeout of scopeout of scope This document is not a book. Therefore we made the following choices : Only a PC based Mind-mapping approach, i.e. with a relevant software, is discussed. Thus hand-drawn Mind-maps are not covered in this presentation but remain an important topic especially if we consider them for the artistic and therapeutic aspects they bring. This overview, which is addressed to a large audience, cannot be replaced by a training on a software. For companies wishing to embrace the adventure, we suggest to do it with a specialist in this field. Although we used different types of softwares for our examples, we excluded any comparative studies. Given the novelties we wanted to deliver, it seemed more relevant to propose our thoughts in two parts. This document constitutes the first part (*). (*) : Only chapters I, II and III of this summary will be covered in this overview (*) : Only chapters I, II and III of this summary will be covered in this overview
  8. 8. PagePagePagePage 8888/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: novelties in version 2.0novelties in version 2.0novelties in version 2.0novelties in version 2.0 This version brings a certain number of novelties following two directions : The content ● The notion of the intention of a map has been introduced and defined ● The map's centre is the subject of a particular development. ● We have developed a Mind-mapping maturity model. ● The introduction is presented from an information processing view. ● We have restituted to the map's legend its true value. ● A chapter on personal ecology has been added. ● FAQ(s) enable to clarify certain points The form ● Examples have been enriched. ● The overall document has been reviewed. ● Quotations introduce each chapter. ● Questions have been added to catch the reader's attention. (*) : The version 1.0 is available on the blog « www.emapsfree.fr »
  9. 9. PagePagePagePage 9999/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: our philosophyour philosophyour philosophyour philosophy About Mind-mapping Our approach to Mind-mapping proposes to : ● Get inspired from nature (Biomimicry). ● Extend the field of Mind-mapping uses. ● Develop a theoretical and practical frame of reference. About this document From our point of view, providing a document free means : ● Sharing our passion for Mind-mapping with the readers. ● Believing money is not the only mean for reward. ● Proposing another state of mind in providing documents We wish this document reaches a maximum of people interested in this field, and makes them keen to go further.
  10. 10. PagePagePagePage 10101010/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: acknowledgementsacknowledgementsacknowledgementsacknowledgements We wish to thank the people and partners who have contributed with their help and support to the achievement of this document and in particular : © www.emapsfree.fr
  11. 11. PagePagePagePage 11111111/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 « Mind-mapping turns information into knowledge » Chapter IChapter IChapter IChapter I - IntroductionIntroductionIntroductionIntroduction Inspired from a video of Lionel NACCACHE - Neurologist
  12. 12. PagePagePagePage 12121212/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 StatingtheproblemStatingtheproblemStatingtheproblemStatingtheproblem: information processinginformation processinginformation processinginformation processing (1/3)(1/3)(1/3)(1/3)1.11.11.11.1 Information is one of the key challenges of our time. Firstly because it is overwhelming, hence hard to analyze, often due to a lack of availability on the reader's side. Also because it is not always easy to treat and structure. Finally because it remains a challenge to restitute at an individual or collective level. These above issues, detailed below, are therefore found at every stage of its process that we defined as : acquisition, treatment and release. Acquisition ● We are overwhelmed by information (Prof. & private life) ● Search for same pieces of information is counterproductive ● We run out of time to look for information efficiently Processing ● We do not always know how to structure information, either to store it or find it back. ● Daily management of information can be affected by loss of memory (Tiredness, emotions, annoyance, etc.).
  13. 13. PagePagePagePage 13131313/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 StatingtheproblemStatingtheproblemStatingtheproblemStatingtheproblem: information processinginformation processinginformation processinginformation processing (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)(2/3) Release ● We do not always succeed in restituting the information ● Synthesize information can be difficult and/or complicated ● Depending on the context, sharing information is not always fluent We can therefore sum up the whole process and its problems by the diagram below : 1.11.11.11.1
  14. 14. PagePagePagePage 14141414/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 StatingtheproblemStatingtheproblemStatingtheproblemStatingtheproblem: information processinginformation processinginformation processinginformation processing (3/3)(3/3)(3/3)(3/3) But then, which solution(s) to bring ? 1.11.11.11.1
  15. 15. PagePagePagePage 15151515/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: whatwhatwhatwhat isisisis itititit ????1.21.21.21.2 Definition (*) Mind-mapping is a method aimed at representing information and knowledge in a graphical arborescent structure, through a visual language based on : ● A word (Label, font and color) ● An image (Illustration and context) ● A symbol (Shapes, icons) Other definition A heuristic map represents a temporary and arbitrary hierarchy of links between data through a tree structure whose purpose is to structure and/or let information emerge. Source : www.fredericveve.com(*) : This is our own definition which is not unique in this field !
  16. 16. PagePagePagePage 16161616/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: wherewherewherewhere doesdoesdoesdoes itititit comecomecomecome fromfromfromfrom ???? (1/3)(1/3)(1/3)(1/3) Whatever they are, ideas are never the result of a single individual. It’s often a continuous process of improvements which contribute to their emergence. Linking an idea to a room in a house to help memorizing was already used by the Greeks, but it’s Aristote who gave the first 'family tree' representations and Raymond Lulle who developed them further in his works of the Middle-Age. In the early 70s, the psychologist Tony Buzan, as a result of his research on learning and the human brain, gave birth to a method of organizing ideas, using drawings and tree structure, leading to his concept of MindMap® (Carte mentales). To do so he reminded the following principles (Cf. [1]) : The brain functions with radiating thoughts The language of the brain is about imagination and association Source : http://esopedia.urobore.net/Arbor_Moralis 1.21.21.21.2
  17. 17. PagePagePagePage 17171717/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: wherewherewherewhere doesdoesdoesdoes itititit comecomecomecome fromfromfromfrom ???? (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)(2/3) Example of radiating thoughts : meetings NB : Drawing created with Simple Diagrams « www.simplediagrams.com/ » A radiating thought can be seen like a tree structure of associations starting from an idea. 1.21.21.21.2
  18. 18. PagePagePagePage 18181818/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: wherewherewherewhere doesdoesdoesdoes itititit comecomecomecome fromfromfromfrom ???? (3/3)(3/3)(3/3)(3/3) NB : Imagination and association are much more powerful when used together. Association Isstimulatedby… Figures Words Order Symbols Images Diagrams Isstimulatedby… Imagination Our senses Exaggeration Colours Laughter Photos and pictures Rythm and movement 1.21.21.21.2
  19. 19. PagePagePagePage 19191919/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ? (1/6)(1/6)(1/6)(1/6) The first stage of a Mindmap is to draw a centre with a topic. Several varieties exist (With image(s), without label, etc.) Possible option (Text + image) Possible option (Image without text) 1.21.21.21.2 Centre Branches Sub-branches Icons / im ages Links /boundaries O verview Mind-mapping for …
  20. 20. PagePagePagePage 20202020/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ? (2/6)(2/6)(2/6)(2/6) The second stage consists of drawing branches using keywords by idea conveyed (one word per line). 1.21.21.21.2 Centre Sub-branches Icons / im ages Links /boundaries O verview Branches
  21. 21. PagePagePagePage 21212121/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ? (3/6)(3/6)(3/6)(3/6) The third stage consists of adding sub-branches carrying ideas using “sub- keywords" (One word per line if possible). 1.21.21.21.2 Centre Branches Sub-branches Icons / im ages Links /boundaries O verview
  22. 22. PagePagePagePage 22222222/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ? (4/6)(4/6)(4/6)(4/6) The fourth stage consists of adding icons and/or images for the most significant key words. 1.21.21.21.2 Centre Branches Sub-branches Links /boundaries O verview Icons / im ages
  23. 23. PagePagePagePage 23232323/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ? (5/6)(5/6)(5/6)(5/6) The fifth stage consists of adding mental links (See p.64) and boundaries. 1.21.21.21.2 Centre Branches Sub-branches Icons / im ages Links /boundaries O verview
  24. 24. PagePagePagePage 24242424/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ? (6/6)(6/6)(6/6)(6/6) © www.emapsfree.fr 1.21.21.21.2 NB : Mindmap® is a registered brand of Buzan Organization Limited 1998 Centre Branches Sub-branches Icons / im ages Links /boundaries O verview
  25. 25. PagePagePagePage 25252525/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: what is it used for ?what is it used for ?what is it used for ?what is it used for ? Mind-mapping allows to : … and further more ! Put together information on the same material/medium Generate and organize ideas see the big picture (Overview and details) Reduce intellectual tireness (facilitated access to information) Structure decision-making Help problem-solving Take notes Increase individual and collective performance Share data Keep the expertise Save time Synthesize a text 1.21.21.21.2
  26. 26. PagePagePagePage 26262626/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: what is it used for ?what is it used for ?what is it used for ?what is it used for ? Everyone has their own issues … thanks to Mind-mapping • Manage risks ? • Improve productivity ? • Help making decisions ? • Drive change ? • Manage teams ? • Etc. • Take efficient notes ? • Improve my memory ? • Present my ideas ? • Work in teams ? • Enjoy revisions ? • Etc. • Save time ? • Improve audits ? • Reduce paper usage ? • Capitalize on our experience ? • Show our experience ? • Etc. • Manage our activities ? • Structure our presentations ? • Generate ideas ? • Communicate efficiently ? • Show our ‘Know-how’ ? • Etc. 1.21.21.21.2
  27. 27. PagePagePagePage 27272727/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: summary pointssummary pointssummary pointssummary points (1/3)(1/3)(1/3)(1/3) Mind-mapping is a paradigm shift ! Linear structure Arborescent structure Inspired from www.idergie.com With Mind-mapping we move from a linear structure of information to an arborescent structure, where all useful data is included in a single diagram. 1.21.21.21.2
  28. 28. PagePagePagePage 28282828/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: summary pointssummary pointssummary pointssummary points (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)(2/3) The 3 pilars of Mind-mapping 1.21.21.21.2
  29. 29. PagePagePagePage 29292929/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: summary pointssummary pointssummary pointssummary points(3/3)(3/3)(3/3)(3/3) Source : www.fredericveve.com Maps achieved with iMindMap 1.21.21.21.2
  30. 30. PagePagePagePage 30303030/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Chapter IIChapter IIChapter IIChapter II - TheoryTheoryTheoryTheory « Mind-mapping remains the shortest way between an idea we want to convey and the receiver's mental pattern» Christophe TRICOT (Co-founder of MetaCarto)
  31. 31. PagePagePagePage 31313131/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Observation Whatever the context, a mind map is always created for a specific purpose and targeted public (Self or others). Storing personal information in a map does not have the same aim as thinking about a specific situation using a decision-tree diagram. Likewise, preparing a professional project has a different objective than doing a brainstorming session. Although, the outcome is identical, i.e. the creation of a map, the purpose is different. Therefore it makes sense to question the intention of a map. Intention of a map Depending on the issue to address, it fits within one of the following 6 categories : ● Map for living ● Map for thinking ● Map for communicating ● Map for achieving ● Map for learning ● Map for healing IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: presentationpresentationpresentationpresentation2222.1.1.1.1
  32. 32. PagePagePagePage 32323232/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Definition A map for living is a practical map, also called memo map, consisting of a collection of pieces of information, regularly used in our daily activities, thus avoiding to always search for the same pieces of information. Applications A few examples : ● A shopping list ● A service opening hours ● A personal or professional appointment ● Confidential banking information ● Health-related information (Doctor, events, diseases, dates, etc.) ● Note-taking ● Etc. IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps for livingfor livingfor livingfor living (1/4)(1/4)(1/4)(1/4)2222.1.1.1.1
  33. 33. PagePagePagePage 33333333/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Example : service opening hours Map achieved with MindView IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps for livingfor livingfor livingfor living (2/4)(2/4)(2/4)(2/4)2222.1.1.1.1 © www.emapsfree.fr
  34. 34. PagePagePagePage 34343434/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Example:anappointment Sources : www.emapsfree.fr + www.google.maps IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps for livingfor livingfor livingfor living (3/4)(3/4)(3/4)(3/4)2222.1.1.1.1 MapachievedwthMindManager ©www.emapsfree.fr
  35. 35. PagePagePagePage 35353535/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Example : the health record booklet Sources : www.emapsfree.fr (The medical record) © www.emapsfree.fr Map achieved with MindManager IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps for livingfor livingfor livingfor living (4/4)(4/4)(4/4)(4/4)2222.1.1.1.1
  36. 36. PagePagePagePage 36363636/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Definition A map for thinking implies a thought process, individual or collective, aimed at generating the big picture about a given theme. Applications A few examples : ● Ishikawa diagram ("fish-bone" diagram) ● A SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) ● The 5W1H method (Who? What? Where? When? How? How much? Why? ) ● The 6-hat method (Edward de BONO) ● A brainstorming session, ABCD method ● The Eisenhower matrix ● The GTD method ● Etc. IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor thinkingthinkingthinkingthinking (1/9)(1/9)(1/9)(1/9)2222.1.1.1.1
  37. 37. PagePagePagePage 37373737/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Example : Ishikawa diagram NB : This diagram also called "fish-bones" is usually made of 5 directions : Environment, materials, methods, people, machines. We can add to this 2 others: Management and financial means. 2222.1.1.1.1 IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor thinkingthinkingthinkingthinking (2/9)(2/9)(2/9)(2/9) Map achieved with XMIND © www.emapsfree.fr
  38. 38. PagePagePagePage 38383838/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Example:productionincident 2222.1.1.1.1 Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinking (3/9)(3/9)(3/9)(3/9) MapsachievedwithXMIND © www.emapsfree.fr
  39. 39. PagePagePagePage 39393939/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2222.1.1.1.1 Carte réalisée avec MindManager IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor thinkingthinkingthinkingthinking (4/9)(4/9)(4/9)(4/9) ExploringtheSWOTmodelwiththePESTLE Situation analysis © www.emapsfree.fr
  40. 40. PagePagePagePage 40404040/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Map achieved with MindManager Source : www.emapsfree.fr (The internship –In French-) Feedback on company internship experience with a SWOT analysis 2222.1.1.1.1 IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor thinkingthinkingthinkingthinking (5/9)(5/9)(5/9)(5/9) © www.emapsfree.fr
  41. 41. PagePagePagePage 41414141/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Describingatopicwiththe5W1Hmodel The advantage of this model is that it systematically questions every proposition. It was created in the 5th century by latin philosopher Boethius or Boèce, to assess circumstances related to criminal investigations Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Ws 2222.1.1.1.1 MapachievedwithXMind Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinking (6/9)(6/9)(6/9)(6/9) © www.emapsfree.fr
  42. 42. PagePagePagePage 42424242/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Example : a concept note 2222.1.1.1.1 IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor thinkingthinkingthinkingthinking (7/9)(7/9)(7/9)(7/9) NB : Sometimes it’s very useful to use sentences instead of keywords ! © www.emapsfree.fr Map achieved with MindManager
  43. 43. PagePagePagePage 43434343/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Example : The Eisenhower matrix 2222.1.1.1.1 Source : www.efh.fr Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinking (8/9)(8/9)(8/9)(8/9) Carte réalisée avec MindManager
  44. 44. PagePagePagePage 44444444/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 The 6 thinking hats is a collective reflection method on a specific theme. Source : « The 6 thinking hats » - Edward de BONO – 2005 2222.1.1.1.1 Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinking (9/9)(9/9)(9/9)(9/9) From Edward De BONO MapachievedwithXmind © www.emapsfree.fr
  45. 45. PagePagePagePage 45454545/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Definition A map for communicating is a map which conveys information towards an individual or a group. Applications A few examples : ● The communication of a company or a service (internal & external) ● Audits (Internal & external) ● Presentations / Speeches ● Data libraries ● A wish card, a business card ● Aggregated data, statistics in a presentation ● Etc. Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for communicatingmaps for communicatingmaps for communicatingmaps for communicating (1/3)(1/3)(1/3)(1/3)2222.1.1.1.1
  46. 46. PagePagePagePage 46464646/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Source : www.emapsfree.fr (The staff handbook –in French-) Example : a welcome booklet in a company 2222.1.1.1.1 Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for communicatingmaps for communicatingmaps for communicatingmaps for communicating (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)(2/3) © www.emapsfree.fr MapachievedwithMindGenius
  47. 47. PagePagePagePage 47474747/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2222.1.1.1.1 Example:abooksdatabase Source : http://emapsfree.fr/bibliotheque-ideale/ IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor communicatingcommunicatingcommunicatingcommunicating (3/3)(3/3)(3/3)(3/3) Map achieved with MindManager© www.emapsfree.fr
  48. 48. PagePagePagePage 48484848/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Definition A map for achieving is to be viewed in preparation of a project. Applications A few examples : ● Leisure activities (Travels, sport activities, etc.) ● Book-writing, essay-writing ● Project management (Personal & professional) ● DIY, electricity / plumbing work ● Etc. Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achieving (1/5)(1/5)(1/5)(1/5)2222.1.1.1.1
  49. 49. PagePagePagePage 49494949/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Example:preparingafamilytrip 2222.1.1.1.1 NB : Children's mind maps can enrich the whole © www.emapsfree.fr Carte réalisée avec MindManager Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achieving (2/5)(2/5)(2/5)(2/5) © www.emapsfree.fr
  50. 50. PagePagePagePage 50505050/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Example : internship report Source : www.emapsfree.fr (Internship report –in French-) 2222.1.1.1.1 Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achieving (3/5)(3/5)(3/5)(3/5) © www.emapsfree.fr Map achieved with MindGenius
  51. 51. PagePagePagePage 51515151/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2222.1.1.1.1 Example : a product launch map … Source : www.matchware.com/fr Map achieved with MindView Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achieving (4/5)(4/5)(4/5)(4/5) … that can be converted in a Gant diagram Inspired from the website www.matchware.com
  52. 52. PagePagePagePage 52525252/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2222.1.1.1.1 Achieved with MindView Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achieving (5/5)(5/5)(5/5)(5/5) The Gant diagram … that can be converted in a time line view
  53. 53. PagePagePagePage 53535353/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2222.1.1.1.1 Achieved with MindView Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achieving (5/5)(5/5)(5/5)(5/5) The time line
  54. 54. PagePagePagePage 54545454/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Definition A map for learning is made of a formalized knowledge, in association with one or more related fields. Its purpose, whether personal or for a group, is to acquire new behaviours through favouring learning. Remarks ● A map for learning is not a map to be memorized. We cannot learn without memorizing (Integrated knowledge), but we can memorize without learning (Non integrated knowledge). ● An emotion associated to a map for learning can facilitate its integration. ● The body rhythm associated to a map for learning can facilitate learning. Applications A few examples : ● The presentation about an author, a discipline, a subject. ● A summary of a course, a poem or a book / a text synthesis. ● Learning to change a behaviour (Eating better). Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for learningmaps for learningmaps for learningmaps for learning (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)2222.1.1.1.1
  55. 55. PagePagePagePage 55555555/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Example : synthesis of a text 2222.1.1.1.1 Carte réalisée avec XMIND Inspired from the website www.idergie.com IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor learninglearninglearninglearning (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2) The cicada, having sung All summer long, Found herself sorely deprived When the north wind arrived. Not a single morsel Of fly or tiny worm. She went to plead famine At the house of the Ant her neighbor, Praying her to lend her Some grain to survive Until the new season. “I will pay you,” she said to her, “Before August, on my honour as an animal, Interest and principal.” The Ant is not a lender; That is the least of her faults. “What were you doing in warm weather?” She said to this borrower. “- Night and day to all that came I sang, if you please.” “- You sang? I am very glad. Well! Dance now.” Jean de LA FONTAINE Fables, livre I (1668)
  56. 56. PagePagePagePage 56565656/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Definition A map for healing is a map addressing human aspects. The purpose is to bring wellness. Applications A few examples : ● Personal development ● knowledge assessment (Being, doing, procedures, etc.) ● Coaching ● Personal appraisal ● Personal skills assessment ● Improvement/loss of memory ● Etc. IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor healinghealinghealinghealing (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)2222.1.1.1.1
  57. 57. PagePagePagePage 57575757/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Example:Aself-confidencemap 2222.1.1.1.1 Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for healingmaps for healingmaps for healingmaps for healing (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2) Map achieved with MindManager © www.emapsfree.fr
  58. 58. PagePagePagePage 58585858/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 What do you intend to do through drawing a map ? Map achieved with MindManager Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: summary mapsummary mapsummary mapsummary map2222.1.1.1.1 © www.emapsfree.fr
  59. 59. PagePagePagePage 59595959/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2.12.12.12.1 With these 6 categories have we covered all the situations we face when creating a map ? Answer : Key outlines are given. However, as this field is still a research subject matter, one could expect some adjustments going forward. From my side, things are a little "settled", hence we are now waiting for reactions and suggestions from the user community. What other usage can we make of these categories ? Answer : Apart from the intention, which we believe is necessary to ask when creating a map, we think the classification of mind maps would be greatly simplified if libraries on the web, but also the user communities, took into account these categories. IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: FAQFAQFAQFAQ
  60. 60. PagePagePagePage 60606060/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 ComplementaryComplementaryComplementaryComplementarynotionsnotionsnotionsnotions: presentationpresentationpresentationpresentation2.22.22.22.2 Our aim is to introduce in this chapter some complementary notions that are barely mentioned in the current literature. It is often as a result of observing nature and its mechanisms that findings have arisen (Biomimicry). Therefore it is by using this analogy that we have approached mind maps through finding inspiration in cognitive properties and behaviours. To this effect we have adopted the following rules: A neuron (Brain cell) is never isolated and dies if not solicited. To live, a neuron must be connected to a context (Association principle). From a cognitive point of view, only the number of connections matters. Creating groups of connections is essential for learning. The following pages are based on this approach through applying it to various elements of Mind-mapping.
  61. 61. PagePagePagePage 61616161/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: about the centreabout the centreabout the centreabout the centre (1/3)(1/3)(1/3)(1/3)2.22.22.22.2 By default, the creation of the centre is initiated by software and not by the user. This automatic setting, far from helping, generates a misunderstanding, through substituting the user in this founding stage. As a matter of fact, the sheet (of paper) is like an infinite space that will be conquered by the user. To draw a centre is manifesting the self-expression that will be conveyed from branch to branch through keywords. And if this conquest was cognitive ? The centre as the starting point of a conquest
  62. 62. PagePagePagePage 62626262/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2.22.22.22.2 Some incoherences about the centre ComplementaryComplementaryComplementaryComplementarynotionsnotionsnotionsnotions: about the centreabout the centreabout the centreabout the centre (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)(2/3) Not visible, unclear, unidentified Disproportionate and confusing
  63. 63. PagePagePagePage 63636363/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2.22.22.22.2 The meta-centre We state as an axiom that any mindmap is itself a key word of one or many mindmaps of higher level (Meta-mindmaps or meta-maps). This axiom is particularly interesting as it leads to question, whilst doing a map, whether the latter is part of another more encompassing category (Example: a book --> a library/a List of books). Thus cognitively the map is no more isolated but connected to other realities. ComplementaryComplementaryComplementaryComplementarynotionsnotionsnotionsnotions: about the centreabout the centreabout the centreabout the centre (3/3)(3/3)(3/3)(3/3)
  64. 64. PagePagePagePage 64646464/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: context of a mapcontext of a mapcontext of a mapcontext of a map (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)2.22.22.22.2 Definition : The context is the support of a mind map. This is a conceptual notion that is in practice a background picture. It is often said that an image is worth a thousand words. This is what the context is somehow, animating the map through exposing concepts that we would otherwise struggle to convey. For example : ● Group cohesion (A group image) ● A company's values (A photo of the head office, the logo, etc.) ● School, college (A background like a spelling book page) ● Etc. The context can also be seen as the signified of the map, namely what it is reflective of. NB : The context is a very important communication channel. Its ease of use can be a decisive criterion when buying a software.
  65. 65. PagePagePagePage 65656565/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2.22.22.22.2 Application of the context Without context With context (Milky way) ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: context of a mapcontext of a mapcontext of a mapcontext of a map (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)
  66. 66. PagePagePagePage 66666666/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: mental linksmental linksmental linksmental links (1/4)(1/4)(1/4)(1/4)2.22.22.22.2 Definition A mental link is an explicit connection between two keywords of a mind map, not necessarily of the same level, to create and/or to develop a relation. Example : Rule A mental link always has a label describing the purpose of the relationship.
  67. 67. PagePagePagePage 67676767/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2.22.22.22.2 A mental link is a mind map that has degenerated into a center (The label) and two branches (Arrows). NB : A mental link is not necessarily in a plane (It remains a projection). It can also have branches used within the map. ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: mental linksmental linksmental linksmental links (2/4)(2/4)(2/4)(2/4)
  68. 68. PagePagePagePage 68686868/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2.22.22.22.2 Application A mental link may be required in the construction of a map when we see the repetition of the same keyword in different branches. Example : (See also p.49) Map with a repeating keyword Substitution through a mental link NB : In practice this type of substitution can be very tricky. Therefore it matters to check that keywords have no other dependencies that could impact the understanding of the map. ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: mental linksmental linksmental linksmental links (3/4)(3/4)(3/4)(3/4)
  69. 69. PagePagePagePage 69696969/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2.22.22.22.2 Mental links can easily generate a map network around a particular theme. We are here in the image of a group of neurons. ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: mental linksmental linksmental linksmental links (4/4)(4/4)(4/4)(4/4) Could it be that mental links are themselves connected to other non visible maps ?
  70. 70. PagePagePagePage 70707070/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: the 3 cognitive processesthe 3 cognitive processesthe 3 cognitive processesthe 3 cognitive processes2.22.22.22.2 The three processes that underpin Mind-mapping can be described as follows : A projective process : Around a central theme the designer enhances his mind map with key words (Signifier and/or signified) through a diffusing or radiant graphical structure. A reflexive process : This is an analysis and thought process based on cognitive capabilities (Associations, memorizations, experiences, etc.). An awareness-raising process : The two above processes turn in circle by a mirror effect, until an idea emerges at another level of consciousness. What is interesting in this approach is the disappearance of the support to the benefit of a reflection about a theme. The energy embodied through the creation of a map is no other than an object (Our thoughts' object) that we will call "Mind-map object".
  71. 71. PagePagePagePage 71717171/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: vocabulary aspectsvocabulary aspectsvocabulary aspectsvocabulary aspects2.22.22.22.2 One of the major confusions about the vocabulary related to mind maps occurs when there is a confusion between conceptual notions and their projections. We therefore propose the following projection table. NB : In Mind-mapping conceptual notions are to cognition what projection is to graphical representation (the drawing of the map). Cognitive field Field of the graphical representation CONCEPTUAL NOTIONS PROJECTION The self, the topic The centre Associations Branches & images Ideas Keywords The context Background of the map
  72. 72. PagePagePagePage 72727272/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2.22.22.22.2 At an individual level you mention a conquest when drawing the centre of a map. What can we say at a collective level ? Answer : There are two aspects in your question. ● In the first aspect a group of people gathers around a map and starts drawing the centre (Typical meeting case). This is a crucial stage because everyone gets involved in the subject. From a certain point of view we could say that each element of the group, hence each individual, will be a keyword for the map and act as such. But very quickly it is the collective intelligence of the group dedicated to the subject that will enable the conquest. ● In the second aspect we are in a brainstorming situation where the centre will be found by iterations. No need to say that this search is an unavoidable stage. ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: FAQFAQFAQFAQ(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)
  73. 73. PagePagePagePage 73737373/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 2.22.22.22.2 Why is the meta-centre of a map important ? Answer : The meta-centre is another mean to create connections, hence to create groups of maps. This is an invitation for the designer of the map to put things in perspective. We could also consider it’s like a zoom out enabling to get a global picture, thus a better realization. Keep in mind that a map, like a neuron, must be connected to a context ! A mental link is a map, but can it degenerate into an oriented arrow ? Answer : Representing a link as an arrow does not jeopardize the idea that it is only the visible part of a map. These are for me graphical representation conveniences. ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: FAQFAQFAQFAQ(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)
  74. 74. PagePagePagePage 74747474/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: presentationpresentationpresentationpresentation (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)2.32.32.32.3 Trainer Beginner Expert I know Mind-mapping My positioning ? I know Mind-mapping I know Mind-mapping Software editor I know Mind-mapping What do I mean when I say that I know mind-mapping ? (What is my maturity level ?)
  75. 75. PagePagePagePage 75757575/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: presentationpresentationpresentationpresentation (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)2.32.32.32.3 What is positioning ? The 5 parameters Positioning is composed of the 5 following parameters : ● Skills : expertise, experience. ● Knowledge : knowledge of the topic and related topics. ● Consciousness : state of mind at every stage of the model. ● Behaviour : attitude conditioned by a set of rules. ● Body : feeling, emotions, etc.
  76. 76. PagePagePagePage 76767676/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: searching for a modelsearching for a modelsearching for a modelsearching for a model2.32.32.32.3 Objectives The model must meet the following objectives : ● To favour communication/understanding between users. ● To review our knowledge and skills. ● To provide improvement prospects. ● To allow an individual and collective positioning. Constraints To encompass and to give a meaning to the following limiting statements : ● To use a software = to know Mind-mapping ● To create/draw a map = to know Mind-mapping ● To write a book = to know Mind-mapping
  77. 77. PagePagePagePage 77777777/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: maturity scalesmaturity scalesmaturity scalesmaturity scales (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)2.32.32.32.3 NB : A maturity scale does not mean judgment but positioning ! Two types of scales A scale for people A scale for groups (Organizations)
  78. 78. PagePagePagePage 78787878/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: maturity scalesmaturity scalesmaturity scalesmaturity scales (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)2.32.32.32.3 Remarks ● There are no judgment or labels associated with these maturity scales. ● Each level is an essential contribution to the development of Mind-mapping. ● Whatever the experience, positioning is never final. ● There is no notion of time associated with each level. ● A person may have a different positioning depending on whether it is in an individual or business context. ● Features of levels 1, 2 and 3 apply both to organizations and individuals. ● Each level induces a state of mind and a different feeling. ● Processes of transition from one level to another are not described. ● This model is still at a development stage.
  79. 79. PagePagePagePage 79797979/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: level 0level 0level 0level 02.32.32.32.3 Information basic mapping This level refers to the information basic mapping, but also to the discovery of Mind-mapping, its potential and its effects. This is a beginner level that can be characterized as follows : ● Rules for building up maps are not or little respected ● The map is barely understandable (Graphic charter, addressee, etc.) ● Maps can be hand drawn, sometimes for artistic purposes ● Self-training is done via free softwares (Xmind, Freemind) ● Some maps are produced with drawing softwares (Ex.: Edraw) ● Creations achieved are not reusable or communicable ● There is no consciousness of the link between the maps and biomimicry ● Created maps are not connected to a global thematic ● The intention of the map is not clear or not expressed Orange colourOrange colourOrange colourOrange colour : NB : This level cannot be applied to organizations (Cf. p.81)
  80. 80. PagePagePagePage 80808080/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Maturitymodel:Maturitymodel:Maturitymodel:Maturitymodel: level 1level 1level 1level 12.32.32.32.3 Structuration and sharing of information This level is the beginning of structuration and sharing of information but locally. It corresponds at the individual level to the initiation and at a group level to the practitioner. It can be characterized as follows: ● Mind-mapping is perceived by the organization as a tool ● The training is software-oriented not mind-mapping-oriented ● This is the beginning of collaborative sharing ● Map building rules and conventions are put in place ● Map reference documents do not exist ● Map models or interfaces are not or barely used ● Mind Map-based projects are not common ● Project Management based on this type of approach remains local ● No continuous improvement process in place (Moving up to level 2 is impossible) ● Mind-mapping is not the organization's policy Green colourGreen colourGreen colourGreen colour :
  81. 81. PagePagePagePage 81818181/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: level 2level 2level 2level 22.32.32.32.3 Blue colourBlue colourBlue colourBlue colour : Valorisation of individual and collective richness This level sets the valorisation of individual and collective richness. The individual or the organization have reached the confirmed level in the mind mapping approach that we can characterized as follows: ● Mind mapping is a part of the organization's policy ● Reviews of the benefits drawn from using Mind-mapping are highlighted ● Multi-map-based projects are systematized ● Level 2 mind mapping training is service and collaboration oriented ● The approach is encouraged to stimulate creativity and innovation ● Templates and interfaces are created and shared via reference documents ● Through integrating simplicity, map building rules are mastered ● Maps are thus not isolated with regard to their thematic (Biomimicry) ● Knowledge is mapped (Audit + meta-documents) NB : Some organizations are at this level in term of functioning.
  82. 82. PagePagePagePage 82828282/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 ModèledematuritéModèledematuritéModèledematuritéModèledematurité: level 3level 3level 3level 32.32.32.32.3 A global, visible and consistent vision This is the mastery level of mind mapping that can be characterized as follows : ● Map designers can offer consulting missions. ● Development of applications, using MM for personal purpose or for organizations. ● Information exchange interfaces are done through maps. ● The designer of the map possesses a global and consistent vision of Mind-mapping. ● Internal and external service offers are created and proposed. ● The organization makes their clients benefit from Mind-mapping's added value. ● The continuous improvement process is systematized. ● Mastery of colour and its effects. ● Mastery of architectures (BD, telephony, notepads, collaborative platforms). ● The designer of the map does not necessarily need a support anymore. Purple colourPurple colourPurple colourPurple colour : NB : We don't know organizations at this level !
  83. 83. PagePagePagePage 83838383/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MaturityMaturityMaturityMaturitymodelmodelmodelmodel: summarysummarysummarysummary mapmapmapmap2.32.32.32.3 Maps achieved with MindManager © www.emapsfree.fr
  84. 84. PagePagePagePage 84848484/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: FAQFAQFAQFAQ (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)2.32.32.32.3 Why does level zero not exist for organizations? Answer : This is above all for political reasons ! We consider that a software and a training are necessary to put in place Mind-mapping within an organization. This does not mean that at individual level a collaborator cannot draw maps. Despite many years of expertise I may still draw maps manually. Does this mean that I am at level zero ? Answer : Every hand drawn map locates you automatically at level 0. But does it matter ? What matters is your need at a given point in time ! However if you wish to change level, it is important to consider other practices/methods. For example we could imagine that you create your maps mentally, which I admit, requires some practice. From our point of view visual memory and hearing memory should collaborate. Moreover, Mind-mapping is not an end in itself but one means amongst others.
  85. 85. PagePagePagePage 85858585/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 MaturityMaturityMaturityMaturitymodelmodelmodelmodel: FAQFAQFAQFAQ (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)2.32.32.32.3 Why this scale is necessary ? Answer : Beside the benefits we have mentioned, we notice the emergence of new jobs related to Mind-mapping such as : ● visual facilitators, ● knowledge transfer consultants, ● information cartographers, ● specialized trainers in service offering (Working methods, etc.), ● etc. If such a scale did not exist there would be no legitimacy for such professional activities. Consequently everyone could offer services around Mind- mapping. But this is not the case. First of all because several years of experience are necessary to talk about the subject, secondly, Mind-mapping on its own means nothing as it generally is associated to other jobs such as : coaching, audit, animation, that it adds value to.
  86. 86. PagePagePagePage 86868686/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Chapter IIIChapter IIIChapter IIIChapter III – practicepracticepracticepractice “A mind map is not an end in itself. What is important are the cognitive processes that have led to its achievement.” Philippe PACKU
  87. 87. PagePagePagePage 87878787/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 BasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrules: example of inconsistent mapexample of inconsistent mapexample of inconsistent mapexample of inconsistent map (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)3.13.13.13.1 Look at this map ! … … what do you think about it ?
  88. 88. PagePagePagePage 88888888/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 3.13.13.13.1 Now, could you answer the following questions ? ● What is the theme of this map ? …………………………………………………….………………. ● Does the map look well-built (Respecting rules) ? …………………..………………....……… ● What is the context of this map ? …………………………………………….……………..…… ● Do you feel willing to use it or pass it on ? …………….…………………………………….... ● What do you think the intention of the map is ? ……..……………………………..…… ● Could we connect this map to another one ? ………….…………………………………….. ● Where to position this map in our maturity model ? …………..………………………. Conclusion I feel we probably agree to say that it is difficult to use this map. The problem is that thousands of maps like this one exist on the web, hence contributing to generate a harmful pollution to mind mapping development. It might be useful to remind some rules... BasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrules: example of inconsistent mapexample of inconsistent mapexample of inconsistent mapexample of inconsistent map (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)
  89. 89. PagePagePagePage 89898989/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 BasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrules: … according to Tony BUZAN… according to Tony BUZAN… according to Tony BUZAN… according to Tony BUZAN (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)3.13.13.13.1 Tony BUZAN (Cf. [1]) reminds us that mind mapping rules are split into technical rules and presentation rules. Technical rules They include : ● Enhancement Using a central picture to attract attention Using at least 3 colours for the centre Using images in all maps Using different colours for the branches Using different font sizes in term of branches’ levels Managing the space in order to enhance the aesthetic look ● Association Using mental links to connect keywords within branches Using colours and codes
  90. 90. PagePagePagePage 90909090/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 3.13.13.13.1 ● Clarity Writing only one single keyword per line Writing all words Drawing lines with same length than words Drawing central lines thicker than others ● Personal style improvement Each map is better developed than the previous one (The « 1+ » rule) Presentation rules They include : ● Hierarchy and categorization of ideas ● Numerical classification Chronology of ideas Importance order But are these rules sufficient ? BasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrules: … according to Tony BUZAN… according to Tony BUZAN… according to Tony BUZAN… according to Tony BUZAN (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)
  91. 91. PagePagePagePage 91919191/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 BasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrules: some conceptual rulessome conceptual rulessome conceptual rulessome conceptual rules3.13.13.13.1 Graphical possibilities from commercial softwares allow for conceptual aberrations. It looks to us important to remind below some principles : Every map only possesses a unique and single visible centre The branches of a map are always visible (This rule has nothing to do with the possibility to fold or unfold a map) A mental link is always documented (Via the wording) A floating keyword or a floating image are a mind map's information elements. To this effect they are linked to the centre itself when no branch is visible. Due to the radiating aspect of the map there is no particular reading direction of the map; neither from left to right or right to left. Only because of software-related constraints or personal considerations can lead us to read clockwise.
  92. 92. PagePagePagePage 92929292/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: presentationpresentationpresentationpresentation3.23.23.23.2 Drawing a map does not only mobilize cognitive capacities but also our eyes, our hands and therefore the whole body. Funnily enough, this relationship to considering things as a whole is little covered in most publications about mind mapping. Consequently the map designer and his life balance disappear entirely from the approach. In response to this fact we have introduced the notion of personal ecology; a preliminary stage in the build up of a map which will underpin our build up methodology. Our presentation thus aims at meeting the following objectives : Objectives ● Presenting life balance parameters and how they relate to mind maps ● Explaining the importance of water and its role in mind mapping ● Introducing Brain gym® as a preliminary technic to creation And beforehand let us talk about the brain ?
  93. 93. PagePagePagePage 93939393/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: general points about the braingeneral points about the braingeneral points about the braingeneral points about the brain3.23.23.23.2 Due to the place it takes and the interest it increasingly attracts, we summarize below some general points about the brain : It only accounts for 2% of an adult's body weight. It alone consumes 20% of the body’s total energetic resources. It cannot activate more than 2% of its neurons simultaneously. It cannot sustain more than 5’ without oxygen without risking serious lesion. It is made of 90% water that it crucially needs. It needs oxygen to enable our cognition to function (Among others). It is built up to learn during the whole of our life. It is neuro-social (Need to be connected to others). It atrophies if it is not used: « Use it or lose it ». It always works including during the night. Its weight does not reflect its intellectual capacities. It restructures itself during its entire lifetime (Neuroplasticity). It creates new neurons regularly (Neurogenesis).
  94. 94. PagePagePagePage 94949494/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: the brain and Mindthe brain and Mindthe brain and Mindthe brain and Mind----mappingmappingmappingmapping (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)3.23.23.23.2 Given that our approach is biomimicry-based, why not using the brain's mechanism to help us designing maps ? Nature likes abundance For infants the number of connections (Synapses) considerably increases until the end of the first year. His genetic programs generates abundance. However, his life conditions will sort, hence leading to an important loss of neurons and synapses afterwards. With Mind mapping it can be more interesting to create more branches and keywords even if in the end we may eliminate part of them.
  95. 95. PagePagePagePage 95959595/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 3.23.23.23.2 D.Hebb rule Donald Hebb highlighted the following points : ● The brain links all information it perceives to other information (Association). ● Sollicitating one single element can trigger the whole network. ● We can never learn a thing in isolation. Regarding mind mapping we can use these principles following two axes : ● Associate an emotion to key words, or a map, to reactivate the whole memory. ● Link as much as possible a map's subject to knowledge and/or experiences and/or people. PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: the brain and Mindthe brain and Mindthe brain and Mindthe brain and Mind----mappingmappingmappingmapping (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)
  96. 96. PagePagePagePage 96969696/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: a balanced lifea balanced lifea balanced lifea balanced life (1/3)(1/3)(1/3)(1/3)3.23.23.23.2 From our point of view we can define the personal ecology notion by 4 criteria playing a role in our daily life balance : Sleep Activities Food Water Through their importance they will influence our creativity, hence the creation of our maps. Not being concerned about it is losing efficiency. © www.emapsfree.fr
  97. 97. PagePagePagePage 97979797/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 3.23.23.23.2 It would need several books to treat this subject. However our attention is focused on two points that look to us essential because they can largely contribute to improve map creation. Water Not only water is essential to our lymphatic system, but it also possesses other qualities : ● It enables to reduce stress, which can be useful for exams. ● It favours emotional calm. ● It stimulates cognitive functions (Improvement of concentration). ● It enables a better storage of information. ● It improves mental and physical coordination. Of course we cannot substitute other drinks to it because that will be interpreted as food by the body (Tea, coffee, etc.). Shall we drink water before creating a map ? Source : Cf. [7] « Brain Gym » Paul & Gail DENNISSON – 2010 PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: a balanced lifea balanced lifea balanced lifea balanced life (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)(2/3)
  98. 98. PagePagePagePage 98989898/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 3.23.23.23.2 Brain Gym® Paul Dennisson, doctor in education science, is a pioneer in the field of education through movement. With his wife Gail, they set up a kinesthetic education method back in 1986 based on 26 movements they called : Brain Gym®. This method which implies the whole body enables: ● Increasing coordination between eyes and hands ● Favouring focus and thus increasing attention ● Re-balancing both cerebral hemispheres (Conjoint work) ● Improving auditory and mnesic skills ● Facilitating learning in general When applied to mind-mapping we noticed a greater facility to build up maps following a 10 minutes Brain Gym® session (*). But is it a surprise ? A big advantage of this method is that it is accessible to all whatever the age. (*) : This is a personal observation. PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: a balanced lifea balanced lifea balanced lifea balanced life (3/3)(3/3)(3/3)(3/3)
  99. 99. PagePagePagePage 99999999/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 3.23.23.23.2 Why references to the two brain's hemispheres are not present in your document ? Answer : The fact that Mind-mapping (MM) makes both cerebral hemispheres working jointly, each described by their functionality, has been covered by numerous books and publications but no scientific evidence of it has ever been shown. This may be true but to our knowledge no serious study based on fMRI (*) has been conducted to confirm this say. However we believe the strength of mind mapping lies elsewhere. As a matter of fact and given our cerebral dominance (CD) we face difficulties as soon as we try to communicate (For example: someone with a right CD meets someone with a left CD). In practice we note that these problems disappear when these people collaborate to the creation of a map. Communication reweaves with MM where oral communication failed. EEEEcologiepersonnellecologiepersonnellecologiepersonnellecologiepersonnelle: FAQFAQFAQFAQ (*) : functional magnetic resonance imaging
  100. 100. PagePagePagePage 100100100100/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 BuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodology: presentationpresentationpresentationpresentation3.33.33.33.3 Introducing the intention of a map naturally involves to include the Mind-mapping approach within a construction methodology. Although it may look like an additional constraint, it, to the contrary, brings many advantages including giving a rhythm to a map construction. Avantages ● Sharing the same references ● Facilitating the same communication ● Proposing suggestions during construction ● Lumping together within the same method all elements presented ● Favouring a better understanding of maps ● Introducing a 3-stage construction cycle ● Extending used graphical components' possibilities... … of which the legend… of which the legend… of which the legend… of which the legend
  101. 101. PagePagePagePage 101101101101/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 BuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodology: the legendthe legendthe legendthe legend3.33.33.33.3 A legend is not always present when creating a map. We give below some possible leads to make one. Creating a legend is selecting a floating subject to which some key words will be added, but not just this ! Because it can also be the place to create links, to document or enrich the map with video and sound files. A legend increases a map's potentiality. What if a legend was only a map's keyword ?
  102. 102. PagePagePagePage 102102102102/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 BuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodology: the cyclethe cyclethe cyclethe cycle (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)3.33.33.33.3 Our methodology is split in 3 stages within a same cycle: Before : preparation, blank leaf (and brain empty) ● This is a stage where we will put the intention of the map ● It is also the time to forget all other maps done ● It is the adequate time for personal ecology (Drink water, Brain Gym®) During : creation, formulation ● This is a stage to set up rules (Basic and conceptual) ● This is also the time to organize into a hierarchy the first level key words ● This is the adequate time for reflection and creativity After : rationalisation ● This is a stage of optimization through adding and deleting keywords ● This is also the time to put a legend ● This is the adequate time to connect the map to another (Virtual or not)
  103. 103. PagePagePagePage 103103103103/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 BuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodology: the cyclethe cyclethe cyclethe cycle (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)3.33.33.33.3 The method can be summarized as follows : The sequences between the various stages are not necessarily continuous and can occur over time. NB : Forgetting other maps means that we give free rein to our creativity through moving away from preconceived standards and codifications.
  104. 104. PagePagePagePage 104104104104/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 BuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodology: FAQFAQFAQFAQ3.33.33.33.3 Is Mind mapping a tool, an approach, a method or a discipline ? Answer : Thank you for this question which brings about a lot of misunderstandings between experts. For some it might be easier and reassuring in their speech to talk about softwares. For others their experience goes far beyond the simple use of a software, and it can be normal to consider Mind- mapping as a method. Tony Buzan, to our point of view, talked about an approach, and after considering our relation to information, we rather see it as a lifestyle.
  105. 105. PagePagePagePage 105105105105/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 At an individual level ● Increases the value of human (Visualization of knowledge, efficiency, etc.). ● Gives back confidence (Save time, diminution of tiredness, etc.). ● Increases creativity (Generation and structuration of ideas). ● Stimulates cognitive activities. ● Facilitates the acquisition of knowledge. At a collective level ● Increases the value of collaboration (Knowledge base, people). ● Gives back a sense of sharing (Law of exchange: give and receive). ● Makes knowledge accessible. ● Increases projects' and organizations 'dynamics. ● Increases the level of consciousness of a team. ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: maps’ benefitsmaps’ benefitsmaps’ benefitsmaps’ benefits
  106. 106. PagePagePagePage 106106106106/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 [1] The Mind Map Book : Unlock Your Creativity, … ● Author : Tony BUZAN ● ISBN : 978-1406647167 ● Publisher : BBC Active; 1 edition (2009) [2] Mind Maps for Business ● Author : Tony BUZAN ● ISBN : 978 2 10052 591 1 ● Publisher : BBC Active; 1 edition (14 Dec 2009) [3] Idea mapping ● Author : Jamie NAST ● ISBN : 978-0471788621 ● Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Inc (2006) [4] The laws of simplicity ● Author : John MAEDA ● ISBN : 978-0262134729 ● Publisher : MIT Press (4 Aug 2006) ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: selective bibliographyselective bibliographyselective bibliographyselective bibliography (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)
  107. 107. PagePagePagePage 107107107107/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 [5] Six Thinking Hats ● Author : Edward DE BONO ● ISBN : 978-0316178310 ● Publisher : Back Bay Books (1999) [6] Serious Creativity ● Author : Edward DE BONO ● ISBN : 978-0006379584 ● Publisher : HarperCollins; (Reissue) edition (1995) [7] Brain Gym® Teacher’s Edition ● Author : Paul et Gail DENNISSON ● ISBN : 978-0942143027 ● Publisher : Edu-Kinesthetics Inc; Revised edition edition (2010) [8] Smart Moves : why learning is not all in your head ● Author : Dr Carla HANNAFORD ● ISBN : 978-0915556373 ● Publisher : Great Ocean Publishers,U.S.; 2nd edition (2005) ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: selective bibliographyselective bibliographyselective bibliographyselective bibliography (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)
  108. 108. PagePagePagePage 108108108108/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 What is the purpose of mind mapping ? Answer : The important question. From our point of view : Mind mapping facilitates an individual and collective awareness through letting emerging inner resources. This aim makes sense if the map disappears from consciousness, but only to be reborn. To some extent a map is like a phoenix to the service of awareness. Can you tell us a bit more about this latter point ? Answer : if one wants to surprise and develop one's creativity, it looks important to avoid taking the same neuronal "motorways". It therefore is better to look for inspiration elsewhere than from previous achievements. It is therefore necessary to forget. In this sense a map must die to be born again in a different form, hence facilitating awareness but at a new level. Starting from your own ashes (Forgotten map), or from already existing ashes (Various inspirations, other maps, etc.) can make the Phoenix arise (The new map). ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: interview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the author (1/4)(1/4)(1/4)(1/4)
  109. 109. PagePagePagePage 109109109109/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 Do you predict the end of great libraries of maps ? Answer : To the contrary, we notice numbers of passionate individuals who propose maps that help them. This means that the maps disappear from their eyes. What is not said is the awareness they got through doing these maps. These maps will now serve as basis for other people, hence will be born again to facilitate another awareness. We see here a big chain of solidarity. Do you mean that there is no interest in displaying a map ? Answer : It depends on the intention of the map. For you it may make sense but if you wish to give it to everyone we then fall into a new issue. As a matter of fact a map which is read by someone who has not done it is far less efficient from a cognitive aspect. It is typically the difficulty encountered with communication maps that demand a huge conceptual effort. ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: interview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the author (2/4)(2/4)(2/4)(2/4)
  110. 110. PagePagePagePage 110110110110/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 There is increasingly more talk about collective intelligence using Mind-mapping. What do you think about it ? Answer : We do not feel comfortable using the term collective intelligence, but would rather talk about collaborative or cooperative intelligence. In this field it is important to remain cautious as nothing can be sure as far as sharing knowledge is concerned. If mind mapping is a paradigm shift, collaborative intelligence is another one because it requires prerequisites that involve changes at individual and/or collective level. Also we think that collective intelligence is only the result of collaborative or cooperative intelligence. Yet, Collaborative mind mapping has its place in this approach because a map is like a neuron. For that matter softwares have been quick to exploit this possibility through platforms, which makes sense as connecting knowledge/information and connecting neurons is very similar. ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: interview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the author (3/4)(3/4)(3/4)(3/4)
  111. 111. PagePagePagePage 111111111111/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: interview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the author (4/4)(4/4)(4/4)(4/4) Whether hand drawn or done via a software, a mind map should remain a never ending pleasure inviting creativity. Jean-Pascal CÔTE (www.drawmeanidea.com)
  112. 112. PagePagePagePage 112112112112/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013 ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: contactscontactscontactscontacts
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This version of the document encompasses the French one and a part of my conference given during the Biggerplate event in Paris (Mars 2013).

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