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AI in Law Enforcement - Applications and Implications of Machine Vision and Machine Learning

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This presentation was given at an INTERPOL / United Nations events about law enforcement and AI, at INTERPOL's innovation lab in Singapore, July 11th, 2018.

The presentation itself covers nearly a dozen AI-related use cases, along with their possible uses in law enforcement, surveillance, or falsifying evidence.

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AI in Law Enforcement - Applications and Implications of Machine Vision and Machine Learning

  1. 1. Machine Learning and Machine Vision - Cutting-Edge Trends and Implications in Law Enforcement with Dan Faggella, CEO, Emerj.com AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 1
  2. 2. Presentation Outline 1. An introduction - our background and research at Emerj 2. Example applications of machine vision-related technologies with law enforcement implications i. Visual detection technologies ii. Visual media creation technologies 3. Implications for law enforcement, security, and policy AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 2
  3. 3. Critical Applications of AI in Marketing - with Dan Faggella, CEO, Emerj.com Daniel Faggella, CEO at Emerj (formerly TechEmergence) Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn: @danfaggella Emerj helps business and government leaders survive and thrive in artificial intelligence disruption - with jargon free research and industry-specific insights and case studies. www.Emerj.com (TechEmergence.com) AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 3
  4. 4. Presentation Outline ● We’ve conducted over a thousand one-to-one interviews, in addition to thousands of survey responses from AI researchers and executives ● Most of our work revolves around helping business and government leaders make sense of artificial intelligence, to aide in their efforts for technology procurement and strategic planning ● This presentation won’t simply be about surveillance, it’ll be about upcoming trends with AI for video and visual media, and what those technologies might mean for law enforcement (a Silicon Valley perspective) AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 4
  5. 5. Detection Technologies - Facial Recognition Possibilities: ● Recognize faces ● Determine emotions and reactions (advertising, security, etc) ● Recognize faces with hats, sunglasses, beards, or in different light or angles Company: Kairos AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 5
  6. 6. Detection Technologies - Facial Validation Possibilities: ● Detecting images, vs. real people in video ● Detecting iPad or digital screens, so that people who are not present cannot get clearance for friends via Skype call ● (This kind of security measure will at some point be completely normal for all facial recognition companies) Company: TrueFace.ai AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 6
  7. 7. Detection Technologies - Movement and Occupancy Possibilities: ● Determine the percent occupancy in any given room or floor, and changes over time ● Determine movement between rooms - and patterns of movement throughout a day or week ● Determine anomalies in movement and occupancy and receive notifications Company: PointGrab AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 7
  8. 8. Detection Technologies - Behavior Detection Possibilities: ● Detect shoplifting at the checkout counter ● Detect someone taking their medicine ● Detect suspicious walking or loitering ● (These systems are very narrow, and it should be noted that they require massive training to detect very basic, discrete behaviors) Company: StopLift Company: AICure AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 8
  9. 9. Detection Technologies - Non-Visual Proxies for Behavior Possibilities: ● Determining the movement or behavior of individuals and groups based on heat detection ● This tech could be enhanced to consider noise, vibration, and other non-visual data - adding better predictive ability (using sensors outside a room to determine how many people are in it and what they’re doing) Company: MIT CSAIL AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 9
  10. 10. Detection Technologies - Skeletal Construction / Behavior Detect Possibilities: ● Determine the postures of anyone in video footage ● Eventually predict behaviors based on postures and movement, such as determining if two people are likely to begin fighting, or if someone is about to cross the street ● This kind of data can be used to create more realistic simulationsCompany: Wrnch AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 10
  11. 11. Creation Technologies - Augmenting Human Movement Possibilities: ● (See image to the left) A “skin” can be put on the face of body of a user (special effects, gaming, etc) ● This might be used to video games, and might also be used to create more realistic programmatically generated human movement, making indistinguishably “human”-like movement and poses Company: Wrnch AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 11
  12. 12. Creation Technologies - Future-Casting Videos Possibilities: ● Determine which driving behaviors are more likely to lead to accidents ● Determine which loitering activities are most likely to be criminal, or which behaviors of crowds are more likely to lead to riots ● Hypothetically this tech could fool viewers, showing them a generated view of events, not a real oneCompany: MIT CSAIL AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 12
  13. 13. Creation Technologies - Manipulate Body Movement in Video Possibilities: ● Take images of a specific person, and programmatically generate images of that person in other poses or doing other activities ● Could be used to falsely accuse people of actions, or as immoral entertainment Company: MIT CSAIL AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 13
  14. 14. Creation Technologies - Manipulate Face Movement in Video Possibilities: ● Using images of a target person’s face, that face can be “mapped” onto a new face, giving the creator control over a face that looks just like the target ● This technology is already being used to put existing people’s faces into sexual content. Voice can also be replicated, making the technology more immersive. Company: MIT CSAIL AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 14
  15. 15. Detection - Where We’re Headed ● Privacy is dying, and it doesn’t seem to be able to be revived. It is likely that people will accept knowing that their movements and whereabouts will be tracked. ● Rather than pre-crime taking off any time soon, it’s likely that suspicious behavior will be flagged for human analysts, or possibly appended to a person’s contact record within a security system. ● While societies and governments should determine laws and rules (where cameras can and cannot be used, how long data can be stored, what kind of data can be stored), there are inherent challenges: ○ Rules about storing / using data are borderline impossible to uphold ○ Anything regulating governments isn’t going to be easy (who judges the judge)? ○ Major world governments will adopt this technology en masse and further set the stage for it to be the norm AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 15
  16. 16. Detection - Where We’re Headed “The virtue of a noble ruler is like the wind; the virtue of his subjects is like grass. If the wind sweeps across the grass, the grass will bend.” AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 16
  17. 17. Creation - Where We’re Headed ● In the next 2-4 years any high school kid with free time will be able to create fake videos and voices of any person living or dead. ● The paradigm we have to grapple with is this: What was once a representative artifact of a past reality (videos, images, voice recordings), will not be so any longer. Fortunately this change will be gradual, but we should already be imagining what the far end of it implies. ● If we’re smart, we’ll see this as no different than other cybersecurity: There are mutually adversarial efforts, constantly aiming to get ahead of one another. “Creation” tech will be the same dynamic. AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 17
  18. 18. Creation - Where We’re Headed “In the coming 20 years, essentially all entertainment, learning, and communication will be programmatically generated, tailored to each individual. There will be little reason to ‘go analog’ and practically living in our digital systems will become more and more the norm. This is a critical and unavoidable step towards transhumanism - and we should consider its consequences.” AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 18
  19. 19. Creation - Where We’re Headed “In the coming 20 years, essentially all entertainment, learning, and communication will be programmatically generated, tailored to each individual. There will be little reason to ‘go analog’ and practically living in our digital systems will become more and more the norm. This is a critical and unavoidable step towards transhumanism - and we should consider its consequences.” AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 19
  20. 20. Interviews About Industry-Specific AI Applications AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 20
  21. 21. That’s All, Folks Feel free to be in touch. For questions about this presentation: dan@emerj.com Research or consulting inquiries: sales@emerj.com - Connections to relevant startups for partnerships - Guidance on AI adoption strategy - Go-to-market strategy for AI-related B2B products - Market research reporting with in-depth quotes and perspectives from industry-leading execs and researchers - Competitive intelligence on industries, sectors, or large companies AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 21
  22. 22. Creation Technologies - Manipulate Face Movement in Video ● https://www.techemergence.com/facial-recognition-applications/ ● https://www.techemergence.com/machine-vision-for-advertising-possibilities-social-online-media/ ● https://www.techemergence.com/can-businesses-use-emotional-intelligence/ ● https://www.techemergence.com/computer-vision-for-body-language/ ● https://www.techemergence.com/ai-crime-prevention-5-current-applications/ ● https://www.techemergence.com/ai-in-biometrics-current-business-applications/ ● https://www.techemergence.com/category/expert-interviews/ AI in Law Enforcement | Emerj.com | @danfaggella | 22

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