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Rural development Slide 1 Rural development Slide 2 Rural development Slide 3 Rural development Slide 4 Rural development Slide 5 Rural development Slide 6 Rural development Slide 7 Rural development Slide 8 Rural development Slide 9 Rural development Slide 10 Rural development Slide 11
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This presentation is about the development of rural areas after colonial govt.

Rural development

  1. 1. UNIT-3 CHAPTER 6
  2. 2. WHAT IS RURAL DEVOLOPMENT? Rural development is the process of improving the quality of life and economic well-being of people living in relatively isolated and sparsely populated area. All this means that farming communities have to be provided with various means which will help them to increase the productivity of grains, vegetables and fruits.
  3. 3. RURAL CREDIT  It means credit for the farming families. Farmers require credit for various purposes, such as:  Long term credit- It is require for the period of 5 to 20 years for the purchase of tractors, land, costly equipment, tube wells, etc.  Medium term credit- It is required for about one to five years period for digging wells, buying machinery, etc.  Short term credit- It is required for the period of 6 to 12 months for buying seeds, tools, manure, fertilizers, etc.
  4. 4. SOURCES OF RURAL CREDIT IN INDIA  Non-institutional Sources- Non-institutional sources include moneylenders, traders and commission agents, landlords, relatives and friends.  Institutional sources- a) co-operative credit societies b) commercial banks c) regional rural banks
  5. 5.  RURAL BANKING- A critical evaluation a. Inadequate finance b. Regional inequalities c. Over dues and default rate d. less benefits to small and marginal farmers.  MEANING AND FEATURES OF AGRICULTURAL MARKETING- Agricultural marketing is defined as a process of marketing farm produce through wholesalers and stockists to ultimate consumers.
  6. 6. Its features are: a. High storage transportation costs. b. problem of standardization and grading of agricultural products.  DEFECTS OF AGRICULTURAL MARKETING a. Inadequate Warehouses b. Multiplicity of middlemen c. Malpractices in Unregulated Markets d. Improper Measuring for Weighing, Grading and Standardization e. Lack of Adequate Finance f. Inadequate Means of Transport and Communication g. Inadequate market information.
  7. 7.  STEPS UNDERTAKEN BY GOVT. FOR IMPROVING AGRICULTURAL MARKETING a. Establishment of regulated markets b. Provision of infrastructural facilities c. Co-Operative market d. Important instruments to safeguard the interest of farmers.
  8. 8. MEANING AND SIGNIFICANCE OF DIVERSIFICATION IN AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES Diversification means a major proportion of the increasing labour force in the agricultural sector needs to find alternate employment opportunities in other non-farm sectors. SIGNIFICANCE- a) Reduce the risk from agriculture sector b) Provide sustainable live hood options to people living in villages c) Provide ecological balance.
  9. 9. AGRICULTURAL DIVERSIFICATION IN INDIA a) Animal husbandry, dairying and poultry b) Fisheries c) Horticulture d) Cottage and household industry MEANING OF ORGANIC FARMING It is a system of farming that maintains, enhances and restores the ecological balance. It helps in sustainable development in the agricultural sector. In organic farming, farmers use organic manure, bio fertilizers and organic pesticides.
  10. 10. ADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING a) Inexpensive Process b) Generates Income c) Healthier and Tastier Food d) Solves Unemployment Problem e) Environment Friendly f) Sustains Soil Fertility
  11. 11.  NAME- BHANU PRATAP SINGH  CLASS- XI-C  ROLL NO- 17  SUBJECT- ECONOMICS THANKS FOR WATCHING!
  • JayTiwari21

    Dec. 29, 2020
  • UrviGoudar

    Nov. 25, 2020
  • MitaliGupta54

    Sep. 27, 2020
  • SumaiyaTamannaNiva

    Nov. 26, 2016

This presentation is about the development of rural areas after colonial govt.

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