Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

of

Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 1 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 2 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 3 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 4 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 5 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 6 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 7 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 8 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 9 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 10 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 11 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 12 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 13 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 14 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 15 Papaver  somniferum (Opium ,Poppy) Slide 16
Upcoming SlideShare
What to Upload to SlideShare
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

23 Likes

Share

Download to read offline

Papaver somniferum (Opium ,Poppy)

Download to read offline

Content :-

Introduction
Cultivation of plant
Process of deriving opium from poppies
opium and its derivatives
Routes of Administration
USES (applications)



Papaver somniferum Apheen / Opium / Poppy
BN- Papaver somniferum
Family- Papaveraceae
wonderful –narcotic effect
Also grown for ornamental plant


More than 25 alkaloids including morphine and codeine
Effects central nervous system
Acts as painkiller
decreases digestive juices.
Highly addictive!
Cultivation:-
In winter in MP, UP, Rajasthan.
Sowing is in Oct-Nov and doda or capsule is ready in march and April
Any type of soil but mostly in loam soil rich in organic matter
Dull cloudy or rainy whether not suitable
For optimum growth- cool weather, adequate sunlight, tem 9C-28C
Collection of opium is Feb and last up to April

PROCESS OF DERIVING OPIUM FROM POPPIES:-
After flowering, the petals drop in a few days and leaving green capsules a top of the stalks.
These are the seed pods.

Incisions (cut) are made in the pods and the milky fluid that oozes out is air dried. This must be done while the pods are still green.

OPIATES ARE DERIVED FROM THE POPPY PLANT:-
CONTENTS OF THE POPPY
POD FLUID:
Morphine - 21 %
Codeine - 25%


*There are at least 20 other alkaloids, such as Thebaine, papaverine and noscapine in the fluid.
Opium and its derivatives:-

Routes of Administration:-

Smoking opium
At some places opium dissolved into wine
Some are opium eaters
Some are opium drinkers
Heroin use in NYS is still high because the purity of heroin is extremely high (65%) and can be snorted instead of used intravenously.


USES:-
Regularly – injurious creates – euphoria
Morphine- most effective and potent pain-relieving agent in medicine and used as narcotic, sedative.
Codeine- mild analgesic , widely used as antitussive or cough relieving agent as codeine sulphate.etc
Noscapine- alkaloid –used as antitussive in wet cough and bronchial asthma
pavarine- use as antispasmodic and vasodilator to relive pain in coronary and cerebral thrombosis






Used in cough medicine
Used for cure diarrhea, vomiting and reduced BP
The drug was originally used as a treatment for diarrhea much as it is today.
In the 17th century, the Dutch introduced smoking to Taiwan (Formosa) and people began to mix opium and tobacco as a treatment for malaria. The practice soon became popular in China.





Fresh Leaves- used as vegetable along with mung (Pansy)
Seed – Dana- Khaskhas also have cooling effect used for making popular drink Thandai.
Seed - as source of semidrying oil (Poppy oil) used in paints,ink. And is also used as a vehicle for chemotherapy delivery.




Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Papaver somniferum (Opium ,Poppy)

  1. 1. Papaver somniferum (Opium,Poppy) by:- Mr. Arpit joshi Biochemistry
  2. 2. • Introduction • Cultivation of plant • Process of deriving opium from poppies • opium and its derivatives • Routes of Administration • USES (applications)
  3. 3. Papaver somniferum Apheen / Opium / Poppy • BN- Papaver somniferum • Family- Papaveraceae • wonderful –narcotic effect • Also grown for ornamental plant • Origin and Distribution • Asia • Mostly cultivated in Aus, Burma, Iran, India, Pak, Japan Poppy flower and capsule
  4. 4. • More than 25 alkaloids including morphine and codeine • Effects central nervous system • Acts as painkiller • decreases digestive juices. • Highly addictive!
  5. 5. Cultivation:- • In winter in MP, UP, Rajasthan. • Sowing is in Oct-Nov and doda or capsule is ready in march and April • Any type of soil but mostly in loam soil rich in organic matter • Dull cloudy or rainy whether not suitable • For optimum growth- cool weather, adequate sunlight, tem 9C-28C • Collection of opium is Feb and last up to April
  6. 6. 6 PROCESS OF DERIVING OPIUM FROM POPPIES:- • After flowering, the petals drop in a few days and leaving green capsules a top of the stalks. • These are the seed pods.
  7. 7. 7 • Incisions (cut) are made in the pods and the milky fluid that oozes out is air dried. This must be done while the pods are still green. Incised poppy capsule and latex
  8. 8. 9 OPIATES ARE DERIVED FROM THE POPPY PLANT:- CONTENTS OF THE POPPY POD FLUID: • Morphine - 21 % • Codeine - 25% *There are at least 20 other alkaloids, such as Thebaine, papaverine and noscapine in the fluid.
  9. 9. Opium and its derivatives:- raw opium extract morphine heroin (1898) codeine thebaine Percadan Natural components (1800)
  10. 10. Routes of Administration:- • Smoking opium • At some places opium dissolved into wine • Some are opium eaters • Some are opium drinkers • Heroin use in NYS is still high because the purity of heroin is extremely high (65%) and can be snorted instead of used intravenously.
  11. 11. USES:- • Regularly – injurious creates – euphoria • Morphine- most effective and potent pain-relieving agent in medicine and used as narcotic, sedative. • Codeine- mild analgesic , widely used as antitussive or cough relieving agent as codeine sulphate.etc • Noscapine- alkaloid –used as antitussive in wet cough and bronchial asthma • pavarine- use as antispasmodic and vasodilator to relive pain in coronary and cerebral thrombosis
  12. 12. • Used in cough medicine • Used for cure diarrhea, vomiting and reduced BP • The drug was originally used as a treatment for diarrhea much as it is today. • In the 17th century, the Dutch introduced smoking to Taiwan (Formosa) and people began to mix opium and tobacco as a treatment for malaria. The practice soon became popular in China.
  13. 13. • Fresh Leaves- used as vegetable along with mung (Pansy) • Seed – Dana- Khaskhas also have cooling effect used for making popular drink Thandai. • Seed - as source of semidrying oil (Poppy oil) used in paints,ink. And is also used as a vehicle for chemotherapy delivery.
  • ManiKandan1585

    Apr. 30, 2021
  • SachinKumar1783

    Mar. 18, 2021
  • UniversalUnique

    Feb. 26, 2021
  • AsiaYounis

    Dec. 2, 2020
  • NeethuPadmanabhan

    Sep. 23, 2020
  • AjitJadhav57

    Sep. 10, 2020
  • manas7in

    Aug. 6, 2020
  • selvimadhu

    Apr. 20, 2020
  • MahimaUpmanyu1

    Apr. 10, 2020
  • DIKSHADevi3

    Dec. 11, 2019
  • AanyaSingh10

    Aug. 1, 2019
  • Drpremprakash1

    Jun. 12, 2019
  • TrirasManandhar1

    Mar. 23, 2019
  • MojtabaSeyfi

    Dec. 6, 2018
  • JonathanMendoza96

    Oct. 3, 2018
  • shubhamvishwakarma56

    Sep. 3, 2018
  • AhmadShaikh6

    Aug. 29, 2018
  • MehulParekh23

    Jul. 27, 2018
  • PranitaKumawat

    Jun. 1, 2018
  • varu2607

    Jan. 28, 2018

Content :- Introduction Cultivation of plant Process of deriving opium from poppies opium and its derivatives Routes of Administration USES (applications) Papaver somniferum Apheen / Opium / Poppy BN- Papaver somniferum Family- Papaveraceae wonderful –narcotic effect Also grown for ornamental plant More than 25 alkaloids including morphine and codeine Effects central nervous system Acts as painkiller decreases digestive juices. Highly addictive! Cultivation:- In winter in MP, UP, Rajasthan. Sowing is in Oct-Nov and doda or capsule is ready in march and April Any type of soil but mostly in loam soil rich in organic matter Dull cloudy or rainy whether not suitable For optimum growth- cool weather, adequate sunlight, tem 9C-28C Collection of opium is Feb and last up to April PROCESS OF DERIVING OPIUM FROM POPPIES:- After flowering, the petals drop in a few days and leaving green capsules a top of the stalks. These are the seed pods. Incisions (cut) are made in the pods and the milky fluid that oozes out is air dried. This must be done while the pods are still green. OPIATES ARE DERIVED FROM THE POPPY PLANT:- CONTENTS OF THE POPPY POD FLUID: Morphine - 21 % Codeine - 25% *There are at least 20 other alkaloids, such as Thebaine, papaverine and noscapine in the fluid. Opium and its derivatives:- Routes of Administration:- Smoking opium At some places opium dissolved into wine Some are opium eaters Some are opium drinkers Heroin use in NYS is still high because the purity of heroin is extremely high (65%) and can be snorted instead of used intravenously. USES:- Regularly – injurious creates – euphoria Morphine- most effective and potent pain-relieving agent in medicine and used as narcotic, sedative. Codeine- mild analgesic , widely used as antitussive or cough relieving agent as codeine sulphate.etc Noscapine- alkaloid –used as antitussive in wet cough and bronchial asthma pavarine- use as antispasmodic and vasodilator to relive pain in coronary and cerebral thrombosis Used in cough medicine Used for cure diarrhea, vomiting and reduced BP The drug was originally used as a treatment for diarrhea much as it is today. In the 17th century, the Dutch introduced smoking to Taiwan (Formosa) and people began to mix opium and tobacco as a treatment for malaria. The practice soon became popular in China. Fresh Leaves- used as vegetable along with mung (Pansy) Seed – Dana- Khaskhas also have cooling effect used for making popular drink Thandai. Seed - as source of semidrying oil (Poppy oil) used in paints,ink. And is also used as a vehicle for chemotherapy delivery.

Views

Total views

5,443

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

11

Actions

Downloads

146

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

23

×