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Julfer fire standards for fire doors 2011

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Julfer fire standards for fire doors 2011

  1. 1. STANDARDS for FIRE DOORS in 40 slides
  2. 2. Index 1# Fire standards in the world 2# Codes comparison: Europe ~ USA 3# Fire standards in Europe 4# CE Marking
  3. 3. 1# Fire standards in the world
  4. 4. There are three layers of standards 1. Standards in building designs: building and fire codes 2. Design, installation and maintenance standards for fire safety systems 3. Testing standards
  5. 5. And every market has its own standards, for example…
  6. 6. Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
  7. 7. Gost Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Georgia, and Turkmenistan
  8. 8. EN (Europan Norms)
  9. 9. Hey, wait a minute! What about interoperability?
  10. 10. Which Design Code is going to be used? This is determined by: 1. National regulations (Governments) 2. Specifiers (Architects)
  11. 11. 2# Codes comparison: Europe – USA
  12. 12. There are differences between Design Codes USA [Life safety] ≠ Europe [Life safety + property protection]
  13. 13. How building codes fight fire? Building and fire codes combine: • Active measures (detect, warn of and suppress the fire) • Passive measures (mitigate the potential for fire spread within the building and prevent structural collapse)
  14. 14. Active or passive measures? It is theoretically possible to design buildings where fire safety is provided 100% by either passive or active measures. Even so, it is generally considered that a balanced approach is better.
  15. 15. Active or passive measures? American codes focus on active fire protection. European codes concentrate more on passive measures.
  16. 16. Active or passive measures? There are differences in the test standards for ‘passive’ fire protection products. For example: # Heating regime # Allowed pressure conditions in the test furnace
  17. 17. Each design code works as a whole There is a fundamental difference in the balance active-passive measures in the different Design Codes. Only one code should be used throughout the entire building.
  18. 18. Passive measures: Fire Doors Like fire codes, fire doorsets must be designed as a whole. By this reason a fire doorset should not be ‘build’ using elements that have not been tested together, even if each one of these elements has been tested separately before.
  19. 19. 3# European Standards
  20. 20. Demonstrating conformity using European Standard tests The fire resistance system expresses the performance of the tested element in terms of time to failure against three main criteria: R ~ Loadbearing capacity E ~ Integrity I ~ Insulation Regulators choose time periods they wish for elements to satisfy some or all of these criteria and producers of passive fire protection products have them tested and classified accordingly.
  21. 21. Demonstrating conformity using European Standard tests R ~ Loadbearing capacity does not apply to indoor timber doors. This means that fire doors performance is expressed as: EI2 t (when t=time)
  22. 22. Demonstrating conformity using European Standard tests No total agreement regarding Thermal Insulation EI1 vs EI2 EI1: Austria, Belgium, Finland, The Netherlands… EI2: Italy, France, United Kingdom, Spain…
  23. 23. Demonstrating conformity using European Standard tests The performance of wooden doors is judged by subjecting them to the standard test procedure specified in the following European Norm: Fire resistance tests for door and shutter assemblies EN 1634-1:2000
  24. 24. Demonstrating conformity using European Standard tests EN 1634-1:2000 has been incorporated into national norms. # Germany: DIN EN 1634-1:2009 # Spain: UNE EN 1634-1:2010 # UK: BS EN 1634-1:2008 # etc
  25. 25. Demonstrating conformity using European Standard tests Reports: • Classification reports • Extended application reports
  26. 26. 1. Classification reports: Regulation Produced in accordance with requirements and procedures given in the appropriate part of the European Standard EN 13501-2:2007+A1:2009
  27. 27. 1. Classification reports: Parts 1. DESCRIPTION of the product or reference(s) to test reports where the product is described in detail. 2. CLASSIFICATION obtained in accordance with the European classification system as prescribed by EC Decision e.g. REI 30 (for fire resistance), or Euroclass D-s3, d2 (for reaction to fire). 3. Statement that the classification was derived using the CLASSIFICATION STANDARD EN 13501. 4. Statement of the extent to which the classification is applicable to VARIATION(S) of the product from that which was actually tested on the basis of the test report(s) or extended application report(s).
  28. 28. 1. Classification reports: Requirements Classification reports shall have been produced by a ‘NOTIFIED BODY’, being a body that has been ‘notified’ by its own Member State (to the EC and to all other Member States) as being competent to fulfill prescribed functions in connection with attestation of conformity of products under the Construction Products Directive (CPD). In Julfer’s case the ‘notified body’ could be a laboratory or a certification body. In Spain, the qualification for notification is accredited by The National Accreditation Entity (ENAC).
  29. 29. 2. Extended application reports: Concept Extended application reports contain the results of the application of defined rules (which may involve calculation methods) to the results of one or more test results, thereby predicting the results that would be achieved as a consequence of a change to one or more of the product properties.
  30. 30. 4# CE Marking
  31. 31. CE Marking: Regulation Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 laying down harmonised conditions for the marketing of construction products (and repealing Construction Products Directive (CPD) - 89/106/EC) EU legislation to facilitate the free movement of construction products throughout the EU.
  32. 32. CE Marking: Concept Demonstration that the product complies with the relevant essential requirements according to the European Technical Specifications in addition to a range of other requirements.
  33. 33. CE Marking: Requirements A manufacturer’s declaration of conformity for a product may be based on one of four different systems of attestation (systems of proof of conformity). Any claim of fire performance for a product must be supported by a classification report from a notified test laboratory.
  34. 34. CE Marking: Fields of application CE marking is not applied to indoor wooden doors at present, but it is mandatory for ironmongery.
  35. 35. To sum up… 1. There are different fire standards all over the world. 2. European regulation for fire doors: EN 13501 & EN 1634 3. CE Marking for indoor wooden doors is not mandatory at present.
  36. 36. Alright, what’s your first question?
  37. 37. MANY THANKS!
  38. 38. About this presentation This slide presentation has educational purpose. Used images are intellectual property of their original authors. Any request regarding copyright issues should be addressed to José Francisco Alfaya (jfa@julfer.es). * By José Francisco Alfaya for Julfer SA. ** Please, keep in mind that this presentation is incomplete without the corresponding comments. Last update: April 2011
  39. 39. Your Expert in high performance doors www.julfer.es

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