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Cyber Laws
& Cyber
Crimes
-
B.V.Raghunandan
Rosario College,
Mangalore
Feb 21, 2015
Cybercrime- a Definition
• "Offences that are committed
against individuals or groups of
individuals with a criminal motiv...
A Broader Definition
• A cyber crime is an
offence punishable
under law committed
using computer,
internet, or any
electro...
Cyber Offences
• Offences attracting penal
action and committed using
1) Computers-Computer
Crime
2) Internet - Internet C...
Perpetrators/Victims
• Individuals
• Groups of Individuals
• Companies
• Drug Traffic Gangs
• Governments
Individuals: Motives
• Proving Smartness
• Sadistic in Nature
• Stealing Money
• Vengeance
• Power
• For Excitement
• Lear...
Groups of Individuals
• Peddlers of Pornography
• Party Affiliation
• Caste Hatred
• Social/Environmental
Groups
• Rebel G...
Companies
• Computer Manufacturing Companies
• Software Companies
• Industrial Espionage
• Bidding Companies
• Cos Seeking...
Drug Traffic Gangs: Motive
• Securing Data of Potential Customers
• Hacking into the systems of their
distributors
• Gaini...
Governments
• Developing cyber warfare
• Spying into the systems of enemy
countries
• International Policing by the USA
• ...
Types of Cybercrimes
• Financial Crime
• Data Theft
• Copyright Infringement
• Cyber Terrorism
• Computer
Vandalism
• Chil...
Techniques of Cyber Crimes
• Wired/Wireless Tapping
• Hacking
• Phishing
• Spoofing/Masquerading
• Social Engineering
• So...
Characteristics of Cyber Crimes
• Policeman and thief are
the same
• Perpetrators and victims
are the people
• Each progra...
Cyber- laws in India
• Information Technology Act, 2000
• Information Technology Amendment Act, 2008
• Information Technol...
Contributions of the Act
• Providing for Digital Signature
• Creating E’Governance
• Compliance by Companies receiving, st...
Offences and
Penalties
1) Non-Compliance-7 years imprisonment
2) Damage to Computer/Systems-Compensation by the
offender
3...
Offences & Penalties-continued
• Cheating by personation
• Violation of privacy
• Cyber terrorism
• Publishing or transmit...
Future
Agenda
• Educating the Society
• Anti-Piracy Movement
• Discouraging Offences by parents, teachers,
employers etc
•...
THANK YOU
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Cyer crimes and cyber laws b.v.raghunandan

  1. 1. Cyber Laws & Cyber Crimes - B.V.Raghunandan Rosario College, Mangalore Feb 21, 2015
  2. 2. Cybercrime- a Definition • "Offences that are committed against individuals or groups of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim or cause physical or mental harm to the victim directly or indirectly, using modern telecommunication networks such as Internet (Chat rooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones (SMS/MMS)“ - Dr. Debarati Halder and Dr. K. Jaishankar.
  3. 3. A Broader Definition • A cyber crime is an offence punishable under law committed using computer, internet, or any electronic mobile device in which the computer, internet or the device is a tool or the target
  4. 4. Cyber Offences • Offences attracting penal action and committed using 1) Computers-Computer Crime 2) Internet - Internet Crimes 3) Mobile Phones/ Mobile Devices-Mobile Crimes
  5. 5. Perpetrators/Victims • Individuals • Groups of Individuals • Companies • Drug Traffic Gangs • Governments
  6. 6. Individuals: Motives • Proving Smartness • Sadistic in Nature • Stealing Money • Vengeance • Power • For Excitement • Learning Exercise • Service Providers • Fantasies • Publicity
  7. 7. Groups of Individuals • Peddlers of Pornography • Party Affiliation • Caste Hatred • Social/Environmental Groups • Rebel Groups in Small Countries • Regional Hatred
  8. 8. Companies • Computer Manufacturing Companies • Software Companies • Industrial Espionage • Bidding Companies • Cos Seeking Access to Government Records • Companies providing Anti-Virus Software • Defence Industries
  9. 9. Drug Traffic Gangs: Motive • Securing Data of Potential Customers • Hacking into the systems of their distributors • Gaining access to systems of police and intelligence establishments • Access to government sites • Entry into logistics providers
  10. 10. Governments • Developing cyber warfare • Spying into the systems of enemy countries • International Policing by the USA • Police Establishments • Intelligence Establishments • Military Intelligence • Personal Interests of People in power
  11. 11. Types of Cybercrimes • Financial Crime • Data Theft • Copyright Infringement • Cyber Terrorism • Computer Vandalism • Child Grooming/Pornog raphy • Cyber Warfare • Cyber Stalking • Cyber Suicides • Identity Theft • Drug Trafficking • Active Attack/Passive Attack • Cyber Terrorism • Computer Vandalism
  12. 12. Techniques of Cyber Crimes • Wired/Wireless Tapping • Hacking • Phishing • Spoofing/Masquerading • Social Engineering • Software Piracy • Trap Doors/Back Doors • Malware: 1) Viruses 2) Worms 3) Trojan Horses 4) Spyware
  13. 13. Characteristics of Cyber Crimes • Policeman and thief are the same • Perpetrators and victims are the people • Each programme can be used positively or negatively • Perpetrators are young within the age of 16-26 • Huge Profits made effortlessly • Reckless Criminals • Total Ignorance of Cyber Crime and Laws • Widespread Opposition to Cyberlaws
  14. 14. Cyber- laws in India • Information Technology Act, 2000 • Information Technology Amendment Act, 2008 • Information Technology Rules, 2011
  15. 15. Contributions of the Act • Providing for Digital Signature • Creating E’Governance • Compliance by Companies receiving, storing, or transmitting data of others • Creation of Controllers and Certifying Authorities • Establishment of Cyber Appellate Tribunal • Offences and Penalties
  16. 16. Offences and Penalties 1) Non-Compliance-7 years imprisonment 2) Damage to Computer/Systems-Compensation by the offender 3) Tampering with Source Documents-Sec 65-3 years of imprisonment/Rs. 2 lakh/both 4) Sending Offensive Messages-Sec 66-3 Years with fine 5) Identity Theft-3 years/plus Rs. 2 lakh
  17. 17. Offences & Penalties-continued • Cheating by personation • Violation of privacy • Cyber terrorism • Publishing or transmitting obscene material • Depicting children in sexually explicit form
  18. 18. Future Agenda • Educating the Society • Anti-Piracy Movement • Discouraging Offences by parents, teachers, employers etc • No concealment of offences • Exposure to Consequences of offences
  19. 19. THANK YOU
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    Feb. 23, 2021

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